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Docker container images with "headless" VNC session

The repository contains a collection of Docker images with headless VNC environments.

Each docker image is installed with the following components:

  • Desktop environment Xfce4 or IceWM
  • VNC-Server (default VNC port 5901)
  • noVNC - HTML5 VNC client (default http port 6901)
  • Browsers:
    • Mozilla Firefox
    • Chromium

Current provided OS & UI sessions:

  • consol/centos-xfce-vnc: Centos7 with Xfce4 UI session

  • consol/ubuntu-xfce-vnc: Ubuntu with Xfce4 UI session

  • consol/centos-icewm-vnc: Centos7 with IceWM UI session

  • consol/ubuntu-icewm-vnc: Ubuntu with IceWM UI session

Latest Changes

See the changelog.md.

Usage

The usage is for all provide images similar, for instance see following the usage of the consol/centos-xfce-vnc image:

Run command with mapping to local port 5901 (vnc protocol) and 6901 (vnc web access):

docker run -d -p 5901:5901 -p 6901:6901 consol/centos-xfce-vnc

Change the default user and group within a container to your own with adding --user $(id -u):$(id -g):

docker run -d -p 5901:5901 -p 6901:6901 --user $(id -u):$(id -g) consol/centos-xfce-vnc

If you wan't to get into the container use interactive mode -it and bash

docker run -d -p 5901:5901 -p 6901:6901 consol/centos-xfce-vnc

Build a image from scratch:

docker build -t consol/centos-xfce-vnc centos-xfce-vnc

=> connect via VNC viewer localhost:5901, default password: vncpassword

=> connect via noVNC HTML5 client: http://localhost:6901/?password=vncpassword

Hints

1) Extend a Image with your own software

Since 1.1.0 all images run as non-root user per default, so that mean, if you want to extend the image and install software, you have to switch in the Dockerfile back to the root user:

## Custom Dockerfile
FROM consol/centos-xfce-vnc:1.1.0
MAINTAINER Tobias Schneck "tobias.schneck@consol.de"
ENV REFRESHED_AT 2017-04-10

## Install a gedit
USER 0
RUN yum install -y gedit \
    && yum clean all
## switch back to default user
USER 1984

2) Change User of running Sakuli Container

Per default, since version 1.1.0 all container processes will executed with user id 1984. You can chnage the user id like follow:

2.1) Using root (user id 0)

Add the --user flag to your docker run command:

docker run -it --user 0 -p 6911:6901 consol/centos-xfce-vnc

2.2) Using user and group id of host system

Add the --user flag to your docker run command:

docker run -it -p 6911:6901 --user $(id -u):$(id -g) consol/centos-xfce-vnc

3) Override VNC environment variables

The following VNC environment variables can be overwritten at the docker run phase to customize your desktop environment inside the container:

  • VNC_COL_DEPTH, default: 24
  • VNC_RESOLUTION, default: 1280x1024
  • VNC_PW, default: my-pw

3.1) Example: Override the VNC password

Simple overwrite the value of the environment variable VNC_PW. For example in
the docker run command:

docker run -it -p 5901:5901 -p 6901:6901 -e VNC_PW=my-pw consol/centos-xfce-vnc

3.2) Example: Override the VNC resolution

Simple overwrite the value of the environment variable VNC_RESOLUTION. For example in
the docker run command:

docker run -it -p 5901:5901 -p 6901:6901 -e VNC_RESOLUTION=800x600 consol/centos-xfce-vnc

Contact

For questions, professional support or maybe some hints, feel free to contact us via testautomatisierung@consol.de or open an issue.

The guys behind:

ConSol Software GmbH <br/>
Franziskanerstr. 38, D-81669 München <br/>
Tel. +49-89-45841-100, Fax +49-89-45841-111<br/>
Homepage: http://www.consol.de E-Mail: info@consol.de

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