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Cassandra fork
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About this Repo

This is the Git repo of the Docker image of Webscam Cassandra a fork of the Offichaial cassandra Docker image, with modifications for working with Docker Swarm Mode.

See the Docker Hub Offichial Cassandra page for further settings on how to use this Docker image and for information regarding contributing and issues.

Docker Swarm mode

Since Docker 1.12 automatic service orchestration through the docker engine swarm mode was introduced. This help with service scaling, availability, and service discovery. In initial releases of docker however there were a number of issues making the automation of a Cassandra cluster difficult:

  1. The default configuration is to have the container traffic routed and load balanced through a virtual ip and a mesh network. This introduces two problems for deploying a cluster of Cassandra machines using swarm mode:
  2. It is hard to get the containers to seed of the virtual IP in the dns record.
  3. A new interface is introduced for the default ingress network which breaks the advertised hostname functions using hostname -i as you may get one of the 3 interfaces.

Later versions of docker seem to have fixed these issues and a number of other stability issues, as such the approach outlined here only works on docker 17.03.0 and above.

Usage

Single Node/ No Mount Point

Starting a test swarm

docker swarm init
docker network create -d overlay mynetwork

Start the cassandra service

docker service create \
  --name cassandra \
  --network mynetwork \
  -e HEAP_NEWSIZE=12M \
  -e MAX_HEAP_SIZE=64M \
  webscam/cassandra:swarm_test

Scale the cassandra service

docker service scale cassandra=2
docker service scale cassandra=3

Scale one at a time else cassandra will complain about bootstrapping more than one service at once.

Check the status of the cluster

docker

Many nodes with volume mount

Setup a docker swarm test cluster

# create nodes
docker-machine create -d virtualbox master
docker-machine create -d virtualbox node1
docker-machine create -d virtualbox node2
# get config
master_conf=$(docker-machine config master)
node1_conf=$(docker-machine config node1)
node2_conf=$(docker-machine config node2)

# link nodes into swarm
master_ip=$(docker-machine ip master)
docker $master_conf swarm init --advertise-addr $master_ip
join_token=$(docker $master_conf swarm join-token worker -q)
join_cmd=$(echo "swarm join --token $join_token $master_ip:2377")
docker $node1_conf $join_cmd
docker $node2_conf $join_cmd

# make network
eval $(docker-machine env master)
docker network create -d overlay your_overlay_network

Start the cassandra service

# makeshure filesystem exists
docker service create --name makedir -t \
  --mode global \
  --mount type=bind,dst=/home,src=/home \
  alpine sh -c "mkdir -p /home/cassandra; sh"

# create service
docker service create \
  --name cassandra \
  --network 'your_overlay_network' \
    --update-delay 40s \
  --mode global \
  --mount type=bind,target=/var/lib/cassandra,source=/home/cassandra \
  webscam/cassandra:swarm_test

You'll notice that we set the orchestration to global mode, so that there is only one Cassandra container per node in the swarm. Here we also mounted an ssd partition on the host machine for the containers data directory for improved performance.

Configuration options

CASSANDRA_SEEDS

This variable is the comma-separated list of IP addresses used by gossip for bootstrapping new nodes joining a cluster. It will set the seeds value of the seed_provider option in cassandra.yaml.

If set to auto the script will detect the IP's of the cluster from the tasks.$SERVICE_NAME DNS entry see below.

The CASSANDRA_BROADCAST_ADDRESS will be added the the seeds passed in so that the sever will talk to itself if no other tasks exist.

Default setting auto

SERVICE_NAME

The name of the service to look for DNS records of associated Cassandra tasks when bootstrapping a cluster in docker swarm mode. The script will get a list of IPs by looking at the DNS records for tasks.$SERVICE_NAME.

Default setting cassandra

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ackermann
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