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Short Description
k8s-storage-buckets using AWS,GCP and Azure's distributed filesystems
Full Description

k8s-storage-buckets

Kubernetes's volumes are in a rough way understood as directorys which are accessible to the containers in a pod.

When using a [Microservice] architecture where all your services are loosely coupled, you may have a problem when scalig services that share files. A good aproach for this could be a distributed filesystem.

Kubernetes suports different kinds of volumes, but most of them are persistent volumes, which lead to some problems when scaling.

The volumes which can be integrated with the main cloud plattforms (AWS,GCP,Azure) are:

  • gcePersistentDisk
  • awsElasticBlockStore
  • azureFileVolume
  • azureDisk

From this ones, the only one suppoting a distributed filesystem is azureFileVolume which uses Azure File Storage.

But looking into AWS and GCP products, you can find distributed systems among their products:

This means that we have to mount this filesystems in a "custom" way thus not being implemented natively.

Distributed filesystem using Cloud Storage

Google's Cloud Storage provides a object-based distributed filesystem which can be mounted into your container using Google´s gcsfuse.

Here are steps needed to achieve this through a practical example.


Authenticate with Google API credentials JSON

Here you can provide your Google application default credentials to authenticate and start using Google Cloud Storage.
After downloading your JSON credentials file, create a secret object inside your Kubernetes cluster.

kubectl create secret generic storage-auth-credentials --from-file=credentials=path/to/json

After this, make sure that you use the secret and mount it as a volume inside the gcsfuse container. This looks like this:

# Define your volumes 
volumes:
        - name: storage-credentials
          secret:
            secretName: storage-auth-credentials
            items:
              - key: credentials
                path: storage-credentials.json
...
# Mount it as a volume from the secret
volumeMounts:
          - name: storage-credentials
            mountPath: /auth
            readOnly: true

Authenticate providing Google GKE cluster scope

Another way to authenticate is providing your GKE cluster the OAuth scope storage-rw (Cloud Storage read/write). Automatically, all VMs created (your cluster nodes) will have authenticated access to your buckets. It should look like this:

gcloud container clusters create your-cluster --scopes=https://www.googleapis.com/auth/devstorage.read_write

NGINX - GCSFUSE in same container

docker build -t nginx-gcsfuse:v1 .
# Running in docker
docker run --privileged -d -p 8080:8080 nginx-gcsfuse:v1
#Running in k8s
kubectl create -f nginx-gcsfuse-mono.yaml
kubectl scale --replicas=3 deploy/nginx

NGINX - GCSFUSE in k8s with init containers (Just Read Access)

Using an emptyDir volume mounted by a initContainer

kubectl create -f nginx-gcsfuse-init.yaml

Distributed filesystem using AWS

It is possible to mount S3 Buckets inside your pod, for this it's needed a FUSE-based file system like s3fs-fuse, wich allows you to authenticate to AWS and mount the bucket in your container.

Examples for this will be implemented in the future.

Distributed filesystem using Azure

As told above, kubernetes supports natively a volume called AzureFileVolume that uses Azure File Storage. That it can be used inside the deployment using a secret with Azure´s credentials.

Here is a more detailed example from the Kubernetes repo:

volumeMounts:
      - name: azure
        mountPath: /mnt/azure
...
# Mount it as a volume using a secret
volumes:
      - name: azure
        azureFile:
          secretName: azure-secret
          shareName: k8stest
          readOnly: false

Examples for this will be implemented in the future.

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