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Docker image for Magento 2
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Docker image for Magento 2

This repo converts the long installation guide of Magento 2 into simple Docker image to use. It uses the same convention as my Docker image for Magento 1.x.

For documentation, please refer to the Magento 1.x repo. These two Docker images follow the same instructions.

Please note: this Docker image is for development and testing only, not for production use. Setting up a Magento 2 production server requires more configurations. Please refer to official documentations.

Below are some basic instructions.

Quick start

The easiest way to start Magento 2 with MySQL is using Docker Compose. Just clone this repo and run following command in the root directory. The default docker-compose.yml uses MySQL and phpMyAdmin.

$ docker-compose up -d

For admin username and password, please refer to the file env. You can also update the file env to update those configurations. Below are the default configurations.

MYSQL_HOST=db
MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD=myrootpassword
MYSQL_USER=magento
MYSQL_PASSWORD=magento
MYSQL_DATABASE=magento

MAGENTO_LANGUAGE=en_GB
MAGENTO_TIMEZONE=Pacific/Auckland
MAGENTO_DEFAULT_CURRENCY=NZD
MAGENTO_URL=http://local.magento

MAGENTO_ADMIN_FIRSTNAME=Admin
MAGENTO_ADMIN_LASTNAME=MyStore
MAGENTO_ADMIN_EMAIL=amdin@example.com
MAGENTO_ADMIN_USERNAME=admin
MAGENTO_ADMIN_PASSWORD=magentorocks1

For example, if you want to change the default currency, just update the variable MAGENTO_DEFAULT_CURRENCY, e.g. MAGENTO_DEFAULT_CURRENCY=USD.

Installation

After starting the container, you'll see the setup page of Magento 2. You can use the script install-magento to quickly install Magento 2. The installation script uses the variables in the env file.

Magento 2

$ docker exec -it <container_name> install-magento

Sample data

$ docker exec -it <container_name> install-sampledata

Database

The default docker-compose.yml uses MySQL as the database and starts phpMyAdmin. The default URL for phpMyAdmin is http://localhost:8580. Use MySQL username and password to log in.

FAQ

Where is the database?

Magento 2 cannot run with a database. This image is for Magento 2 only. It doesn't contain MySQL server. MySQL server should be started in another container and linked with Magento 2 container. It's recommended to use Docker Compose to start both containers. You can also use Kubernetes or other tools.

Why accessing http://local.magento?

For development and testing in the local environment, using localhost as Magento 2 URL has some issues. The default env file use http://local.magento as the value of MAGENTO_URL. You need to edit your hosts file to add the mapping from local.magento to localhost. You can use any domain names as long as it looks like a real domain, not localhost.

How to update Magento 2 installation configurations?

Depends on how the container is used,

  • When using the GUI setup page of Magento 2, update configurations in the UI.
  • When using the script, update configurations in the env file.
  • When starting Magento 2 as a standalone container, use -e to pass environment variables.
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alexcheng
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