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Last pushed: 7 months ago
Short Description
An app for integrating Chef and Rundeck - Fork from https://github.com/atheiman/better-chef-rundeck
Full Description

Better Chef Rundeck

A Sinatra app for integrating Chef and Rundeck - a Chef search query is sent as an HTTP GET request to the app at the path /<key>:<search_term> and the app will query the Chef server and return the nodes and their attributes in a format suitable for a Rundeck project's resource model source.

Overview

This app allows defining a Chef node search query right in the path of an HTTP request. For example:

GET /role:webserver

will return all nodes that match the node search query role:webserver in a format that Rundeck can parse for a project. A Rundeck project can be configured to use this url as the resource model source in the project's project.properties:

resources.source.1.type=url
resources.source.1.config.url=http\://better-chef-rundeck.example.com/role:webserver

The returned data includes Chef attributes that will be attached to nodes in Rundeck, allowing users to search for nodes in Rundeck based on Chef attributes.

Improvements from the chef-rundeck Gem

The biggest issue with oswaldlabs/chef-rundeck is that project node searches are defined in a config file (/etc/chef/rundeck.json). Updating a project's node search with chef-rundeck requires updating /etc/chef/rundeck.json and then restarting chef-rundeck. Defining a Rundeck project's Chef node search query in /etc/chef/rundeck.json separate from the rest of the Rundeck project configuration (project.properties) doesn't make sense. better-chef-rundeck allows updating a Rundeck project's node search by simply updating the resource model source url in project.properties.

Running the App

Local Development

This gem is not yet production ready or available from rubygems. Until then, clone the project, and install dependencies with bundle install. Then run the app for local devlopment:

bundle exec rackup

The app will look for a knife.rb or / then client.rb to configure its Chef server api calls by default.

Try out the app at localhost:9292.

Optionally, configure a few things specific to the app using environment variables - these are defined a bit further down. You can also specify web server-type config options with rackup arguments, run bundle exec rackup --help to learn more about these.

The app can also be run locally with Passenger standalone like it would be run in production:

bundle exec passenger start

In Production

This app can easily be run with Passenger standalone. Passenger's standalone server is reliable enough to run an internal only app that handles a small amount of traffic. The basic steps are:

  1. Clone the app from the GitHub repo
  2. Install dependencies with bundle install --deployment --without development test
  3. Run the app: bundle exec passenger start --environment production

Additionally, configure the app with a Passengerfile.json or passenger's command line arguments. Here is a reference for those config options. In addition to common web server-type config options, there are config options specific to this app that can be configured with environment variables. These can be set in the shell of the user running the app with export ENVVAR=VALUE, or with passenger command line args or Passengerfile.json. These options are described below:

With Docker

docker build -t better-chef-rundeck .
docker run -d -p 80 -v $HOME/.chef:/home/app/.chef better-chef-rundeck

Configuration

The app is configured with shell environment variables. These env vars are namespaced to not be overwritten by other programs. It should be clear that the app will run fine with the default configuration, and setting any of these env vars is not required.

Environment Variable Explanation Default Value
BCR_CHEF_CONFIG Path to a Chef config file First that exists in ['~/.chef/knife.rb', '/etc/chef/client.rb']

Using the API

Which Attributes to Return from Chef

Read filtering Chef search returned attributes for information about filter_result (sometimes referred to as partial_search).

Seriously, go read it. It's not even long and it will make understanding this next bit much easier.

Specify which Chef node attributes should be in the returned data (filter_result) using GET parameters. If these GET parameters are not set, the normal Chef attributes will be returned (which may or may not be what is wanted, especially in a very large environment). Specify the attribute name as the GET param and the Chef attribute path as a comma-delimited list (some,attribute,path, languages,ruby,version) as the value of the GET param. So to convert the attribute ['really']['deep']['attr'] into the attribute short, use the GET param short=really,deep,attr. If a value is not provided for the GET param, the key will be used as the value (?ipaddress=ipaddress is unnecessary, you can get the same result with ?ipaddress).

Example filter_result GET parameters

Chef node:

---
somenode:
  ipaddress: 10.11.12.13
  kernel:
    version: 7.8.9
  languages:
    ruby:
      version: 2.1.0

Request:

# GET /name:somenode?ipaddress&kernel_version=kernel,version&ruby_version=languages,ruby,version

---
somenode:
  ipaddress: 10.11.12.13
  kernel_version: 7.8.9
  ruby_version: 2.1.0

Default filter_result attributes

If no attributes are specified for filter_result, the Chef node attributes returned will be very similar to running knife search node QUERY. But if any values are specified for filter_result, these default node attributes will not be returned; they will have to be explicitly requested in the filter_result GET parameters.

Chef node:

---
anothernode:
  environment: prod
  fqdn: anothernode.example.com
  ipaddress: 100.101.102.103
  run_list: recipe[base_os], role[webserver]
  roles: webserver
  platform: redhat
  tags:
    rundeck-managed
    some-tag

A request without specifying filter_result GET params would return exactly the data above. But a request specifying only the filter_result GET params ip=ipaddress and ruby_version=languages,ruby,version will not get all the attributes back because the request did not specify them:

# GET /name:anothernode?ip=ipaddress&ruby_version=languages,ruby,version

---
anothernode:
  ip: 100.101.102.103
  ruby_version: 2.2.3

default_ing and override_ing Attributes

Set GET parameters to default and override node attributes. Set the GET parameter default_<attr>=<value> to default <attr> to <value> (defaults if the attribute value is nil or the attribute is not set for the node). Similarly, set the GET parameter override_<attr>=<value> to set <attr> to <value> for all nodes returned.

A common use case for default_ or override_ attributes is setting the attribute username to the value ${option.username} for usage in remote ssh logins in a Rundeck job as a job option.

To illustrate this, three Chef nodes with different attributes (some attributes unset, some nil):

---
nodea:
  domain: example.com
  ruby_version: 2.1.0
nodeb:
  domain: different.co
  ruby_version:
  username: rundeck_svc_acct
nodec:
  domain:
  ruby_version:

This request would return something similar to the following:

# GET /*:*?default_domain=github.com&override_ruby_version=2.2.0&default_username=${option.username}

---
nodea:
  domain: example.com
  ruby_version: 2.2.0
  username: ${option.username}
nodeb:
  domain: different.co
  ruby_version: 2.2.0
  username: rundeck_svc_acct
nodec:
  domain: github.com
  ruby_version: 2.2.0
  username: ${option.username}

Contributing

  1. Fork the repo in GitHub
  2. Create a branch (with a logical name like feat/x or fix/y)
  3. Make your changes (and add applicable tests)
  4. Create a pull request

Testing

Tested with rspec and chef-zero. You can execute the tests with:

$ bundle
$ bundle exec rspec

Tests are built with Travis CI on all pushes. Tests require chef-zero, which requires Ruby version >= 2.1.0, so tests are only run for those versions of Ruby. However, the app itself should work on older versions of Ruby.

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awinglobal
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