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Last pushed: 3 months ago
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Minecraft in Docker
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Personal project for running my own Minecraft servers.


Start the container

To just test the container and play a little while in a non-persistend world, just type

docker run --rm -it \
--net=host \

and connect to your server-ip on port 25565 with your Minecraft client. After you stop the container your world will be gone.

Persist settings and world data

If you want to save your settings and Minecraft world, you just can create a data container which persists all your Minecraft stuff:

Create an empty data container to store your Minecraft settings and world data in:

$ docker create -v /data --name mc_data axeclbr/data /bin/true

To let Minecraft create all necessary setting-files run the Minecraft container one time and kill it after complete startup

$ docker run --rm -it --volumes-from mc_data axeclbr/minecraft

You should see some log output. If you see output like this and no more action, then it is time to kill your Minecraft container:

[08:07:50] [Server thread/INFO]: Preparing level "world"
[08:07:50] [Server thread/INFO]: Preparing start region for level 0
[08:07:51] [Server thread/INFO]: Preparing spawn area: 6%
[08:07:52] [Server thread/INFO]: Preparing spawn area: 11%
[08:07:53] [Server thread/INFO]: Preparing spawn area: 18%
[08:07:55] [Server thread/INFO]: Preparing spawn area: 26%
[08:07:56] [Server thread/INFO]: Preparing spawn area: 36%
[08:07:57] [Server thread/INFO]: Preparing spawn area: 47%
[08:07:58] [Server thread/INFO]: Preparing spawn area: 55%
[08:07:59] [Server thread/INFO]: Preparing spawn area: 67%
[08:08:00] [Server thread/INFO]: Preparing spawn area: 79%
[08:08:01] [Server thread/INFO]: Preparing spawn area: 92%
[08:08:01] [Server thread/INFO]: Done (11.059s)! For help, type "help" or "?"

To kill the Minecraft container just press Ctrl+C.

Now all setting-files with minecraft standard settings are created and stored in your data container "mc_data". If you want to customize some settings just connect to it with

$ docker run --rm -it --volumes-from mc_data axeclbr/workbench

The minecraft setting files are found with

$ cd /data
$ ls -l
total 36
-rw-r--r--    1 root     root             2 Feb 27 08:07 banned-ips.json
-rw-r--r--    1 root     root             2 Feb 27 08:07 banned-players.json
-rw-r--r--    1 root     root            10 Feb 27 08:07 eula.txt
drwxr-xr-x    2 root     root          4096 Feb 27 08:07 logs
-rw-r--r--    1 root     root             2 Feb 27 08:07 ops.json
-rw-r--r--    1 root     root           755 Feb 27 08:08
-rw-r--r--    1 root     root             2 Feb 27 08:07 usercache.json
-rw-r--r--    1 root     root             2 Feb 27 08:07 whitelist.json
drwxr-xr-x    7 root     root          4096 Feb 27 08:10 world

Once you customized all your settings you should start a new Minecraft container. It should read and write all your valuable data to the data container with "--volumes-from mc_data". Additionaly it should expose it's Port to the host system to ensure that it is available from the outside with "--net host":

docker run --rm -it \
--net=host \
--volumes-from mc_data \

If you want to give Minecraft more RAM, you add just one line and start it like this:

docker run --rm -it \
--net=host \
--volumes-from mc_data \
axeclbr/minecraft \
java -Xmx1024M -Xms1024M -jar /minecraft_server.jar

That's it. Now your Minecraft service in Docker is ready to play!

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