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Last pushed: 3 months ago
Short Description
Bitnami Docker Image for Cassandra
Full Description



What is Cassandra?

Apache Cassandra is a free and open-source distributed database management system designed to handle large amounts of data across many commodity servers, providing high availability with no single point of failure. Cassandra offers robust support for clusters spanning multiple datacenters, with asynchronous masterless replication allowing low latency operations for all clients.

TL;DR;

$ docker run --name cassandra bitnami/cassandra:latest

Docker Compose

$ curl -sSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/bitnami/bitnami-docker-cassandra/master/docker-compose.yml > docker-compose.yml
$ docker-compose up -d

Kubernetes

WARNING: This is a beta configuration, currently unsupported.

Get the raw URL pointing to the kubernetes.yml manifest and use kubectl to create the resources on your Kubernetes cluster like so:

$ kubectl create -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/bitnami/bitnami-docker-cassandra/master/kubernetes.yml

Why use Bitnami Images?

  • Bitnami closely tracks upstream source changes and promptly publishes new versions of this image using our automated systems.
  • With Bitnami images the latest bug fixes and features are available as soon as possible.
  • Bitnami containers, virtual machines and cloud images use the same components and configuration approach - making it easy to switch between formats based on your project needs.
  • Bitnami images are built on CircleCI and automatically pushed to the Docker Hub.
  • All our images are based on minideb a minimalist Debian based container image which gives you a small base container image and the familiarity of a leading linux distribution.

Get this image

The recommended way to get the Bitnami Cassandra Docker Image is to pull the prebuilt image from the Docker Hub Registry.

$ docker pull bitnami/cassandra:latest

To use a specific version, you can pull a versioned tag. You can view the list of available versions in the Docker Hub Registry.

$ docker pull bitnami/cassandra:[TAG]

If you wish, you can also build the image yourself.

$ docker build -t bitnami/cassandra:latest https://github.com/bitnami/bitnami-docker-cassandra.git

Persisting your application

If you remove the container all your data and configurations will be lost, and the next time you run the image the database will be reinitialized. To avoid this loss of data, you should mount a volume that will persist even after the container is removed.

For persistence you should mount a directory at the /bitnami path. If the mounted directory is empty, it will be initialized on the first run.

$ docker run \
    -v /path/to/cassandra-persistence:/bitnami \
    bitnami/cassandra:latest

or using Docker Compose:

cassandra:
  image: bitnami/cassandra:latest
  volumes:
    - /path/to/cassandra-persistence:/bitnami

Connecting to other containers

Using Docker container networking, a Cassandra server running inside a container can easily be accessed by your application containers.

Containers attached to the same network can communicate with each other using the container name as the hostname.

Using the Command Line

In this example, we will create a Cassandra client instance that will connect to the server instance that is running on the same docker network as the client.

Step 1: Create a network

$ docker network create app-tier --driver bridge

Step 2: Launch the Cassandra server instance

Use the --network app-tier argument to the docker run command to attach the Cassandra container to the app-tier network.

$ docker run -d --name cassandra-server \
    --network app-tier \
    bitnami/cassandra:latest

Step 3: Launch your Cassandra client instance

Finally we create a new container instance to launch the Cassandra client and connect to the server created in the previous step:

$ docker run -it --rm \
    --network app-tier \
    bitnami/cassandra:latest cqlsh --username cassandra --password cassandra-server cassandra

Using Docker Compose

When not specified, Docker Compose automatically sets up a new network and attaches all deployed services to that network. However, we will explicitly define a new bridge network named app-tier. In this example we assume that you want to connect to the Cassandra server from your own custom application image which is identified in the following snippet by the service name myapp.

version: '2'

networks:
  app-tier:
    driver: bridge

services:
  cassandra:
    image: 'bitnami/cassandra:latest'
    networks:
      - app-tier
  myapp:
    image: 'YOUR_APPLICATION_IMAGE'
    networks:
      - app-tier

IMPORTANT:

  1. Please update the YOUR_APPLICATIONIMAGE placeholder in the above snippet with your application image
  2. In your application container, use the hostname cassandra to connect to the Cassandra server

Launch the containers using:

$ docker-compose up -d

Configuration

Environment variables

When you start the cassandra image, you can adjust the configuration of the instance by passing one or more environment variables either on the docker-compose file or on the docker run command line. If you want to add a new environment variable:

  • For docker-compose add the variable name and value under the application section:

    cassandra:
    image: bitnami/cassandra:latest
    environment:
     - CASSANDRA_TRANSPORT_PORT_NUMBER=7000
    
  • For manual execution add a -e option with each variable and value:

 $ docker run --name cassandra -d -p 7000:7000 --network=cassandra_network \
    -e CASSANDRA_PORT_NUMBER=7000 \
    -v /your/local/path/bitnami/cassandra:/bitnami \
    bitnami/cassandra

Available variables:

  • CASSANDRA_TRANSPORT_PORT_NUMBER: Inter-node cluster communication port. Default: 7000
  • CASSANDRA_SSL_TRANSPORT_PORT_NUMBER: SSL inter-node cluster communication port. Default: 7001
  • CASSANDRA_JMX_PORT_NUMBER: JMX connections port. Default: 7199
  • CASSANDRA_CQL_PORT_NUMBER: Client port. Default: 9042.
  • CASSANDRA_RPC_PORT_NUMBER: Thrift RPC service connection port. Default: 9160
  • CASSANDRA_USER: Cassandra user name. Defaults: cassandra
  • CASSANDRA_PASSWORD: Cassandra user password. Default: cassandra
  • CASSANDRA_HOST: Hostname used to configure Cassandra. It can be either an IP or a domain. If left empty, it will be resolved to the machine IP.
  • CASSANDRA_CLUSTER_NAME: Cluster name to configure Cassandra.. Defaults: My Cluster
  • CASSANDRA_SEEDS: Hosts that will act as Cassandra seeds. No defaults.
  • CASSANDRA_ENDPOINT_SNITCH: Snitch name (which determines which data centers and racks nodes belong to). Default SimpleSnitch

Setting the server password on first run

Passing the CASSANDRA_PASSWORD environment variable when running the image for the first time will set the Cassandra server password to the value of CASSANDRA_PASSWORD.

$ docker run --name cassandra \
    -e CASSANDRA_PASSWORD=password123 \
    bitnami/cassandra:latest

or using Docker Compose:

cassandra:
  image: bitnami/cassandra:latest
  environment:
    - CASSANDRA_PASSWORD=password123

Setting up a cluster

A cluster can easily be setup with the Bitnami Cassandra Docker Image using the following environment variables

  • CASSANDRA_HOST: Hostname used to configure Cassandra. It can be either an IP or a domain. If left empty, it will be resolved to the machine IP.
  • CASSANDRA_CLUSTER_NAME: Cluster name to configure Cassandra.. Defaults: My Cluster
  • CASSANDRA_SEEDS: Hosts that will act as Cassandra seeds. No defaults.
  • CASSANDRA_ENDPOINT_SNITCH: Snitch name (which determines which data centers and racks nodes belong to). Default SimpleSnitch

Step 1: Create a new network.

$ docker network create cassandra_network

Step 2: Create a first node.

$ docker run --name cassandra-node1 \
  --net=cassandra_network \
  -p 9042:9042 \
  -e CASSANDRA_CLUSTER_NAME=cassandra-cluster \
  -e CASSANDRA_SEEDS=cassandra-node1,cassandra-node2 \
  bitnami/cassandra:latest

In the above command the container is added to a cluster named cassandra-cluster using the CASSANDRA_CLUSTER_NAME. The CASSANDRA_CLUSTER_HOSTS parameter set the name of the nodes that set the cluster so we will need to launch other container for the second node. Finally the CASSANDRA_NODE_NAME parameter allows to indicate a known name for the node, otherwise cassandra will generate a randon one.

Step 3: Create a second node

$ docker run --name cassandra-node2 \
  --net=cassandra_network \
  -e CASSANDRA_CLUSTER_NAME=cassandra-cluster \
  -e CASSANDRA_SEEDS=cassandra-node1,cassandra-node2 \
  bitnami/cassandra:latest

In the above command a new cassandra node is being added to the cassandra cluster indicated by CASSANDRA_CLUSTER_NAME.

You now have a two node Cassandra cluster up and running which can be scaled by adding/removing nodes.

With Docker Compose the cluster configuration can be setup using:

version: '2'
services:
  cassandra-node1:
    image: bitnami/cassandra:latest
    environment:
      - CASSANDRA_CLUSTER_NAME=cassandra-cluster
      - CASSANDRA_SEEDS=cassandra-node1,cassandra-node2

  cassandra-node2:
    image: bitnami/cassandra:latest
    environment:
      - CASSANDRA_CLUSTER_NAME=cassandra-cluster
      - CASSANDRA_SEEDS=cassandra-node1,cassandra-node2

Configuration file

The image looks for configurations in /bitnami/cassandra/conf/. As mentioned in Persisting your application you can mount a volume at /bitnami and copy/edit the configurations in the /path/to/cassandra-persistence/cassandra/conf/. The default configurations will be populated to the conf/ directory if it's empty.

Step 1: Run the Cassandra image

Run the Cassandra image, mounting a directory from your host.

$ docker run --name cassandra \
    -v /path/to/cassandra-persistence:/bitnami \
    bitnami/cassandra:latest

or using Docker Compose:

cassandra:
  image: bitnami/cassandra:latest
  volumes:
    - /path/to/cassandra-persistence:/bitnami

Step 2: Edit the configuration

Edit the configuration on your host using your favorite editor.

vi /path/to/cassandra-persistence/cassandra/conf/cassandra.yaml

Step 3: Restart Cassandra

After changing the configuration, restart your Cassandra container for changes to take effect.

$ docker restart cassandra

or using Docker Compose:

$ docker-compose restart cassandra

Refer to the configuration manual for the complete list of configuration options.

Logging

The Bitnami Cassandra Docker image sends the container logs to the stdout. To view the logs:

$ docker logs cassandra

or using Docker Compose:

$ docker-compose logs cassandra

You can configure the containers logging driver using the --log-driver option if you wish to consume the container logs differently. In the default configuration docker uses the json-file driver.

Maintenance

Upgrade this image

Bitnami provides up-to-date versions of Cassandra, including security patches, soon after they are made upstream. We recommend that you follow these steps to upgrade your container.

Step 1: Get the updated image

$ docker pull bitnami/cassandra:latest

or if you're using Docker Compose, update the value of the image property to
bitnami/cassandra:latest.

Step 2: Stop and backup the currently running container

Stop the currently running container using the command

$ docker stop cassandra

or using Docker Compose:

$ docker-compose stop cassandra

Next, take a snapshot of the persistent volume /path/to/cassandra-persistence using:

$ rsync -a /path/to/cassandra-persistence /path/to/cassandra-persistence.bkp.$(date +%Y%m%d-%H.%M.%S)

Step 3: Remove the currently running container

$ docker rm -v cassandra

or using Docker Compose:

$ docker-compose rm -v cassandra

Step 4: Run the new image

Re-create your container from the new image.

$ docker run --name cassandra bitnami/cassandra:latest

or using Docker Compose:

$ docker-compose start cassandra

Contributing

We'd love for you to contribute to this container. You can request new features by creating an issue, or submit a pull request with your contribution.

Issues

If you encountered a problem running this container, you can file an issue. For us to provide better support, be sure to include the following information in your issue:

  • Host OS and version
  • Docker version (docker version)
  • Output of docker info
  • Version of this container (echo $BITNAMI_IMAGE_VERSION inside the container)
  • The command you used to run the container, and any relevant output you saw (masking any sensitive information)

Community

Most real time communication happens in the #containers channel at bitnami-oss.slack.com; you can sign up at slack.oss.bitnami.com.

Discussions are archived at bitnami-oss.slackarchive.io.

License

Copyright (c) 2016-2017 Bitnami

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at

http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.

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Owner
bitnami

Comments (2)
jinnabalu
2 months ago

If we run cassandra on two different machines, how they communicate with each other. The current example above is not working in my two machines. I am running cassandra-node1 in machine 1 and cassandra-node2 in machine two. will this communicate.

zekizeki
5 months ago

In the section "Step 3: Launch your Cassandra client instance" the last few example parameters are the wrong way round.

You have "--password cassandra-server cassandra"

it should be

"--password cassandra cassandra-server"