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Last pushed: 4 days ago
Short Description
Bitnami PHP-FPM Docker Image
Full Description



What is PHP-FPM?

PHP-FPM (FastCGI Process Manager) is an alternative PHP FastCGI implementation with some additional features useful for sites of any size, especially busier sites.

php-fpm.org

TL;DR;

docker run -it --name phpfpm -v /path/to/app:/app bitnami/php-fpm

Docker Compose

version: '2'

services:
  phpfpm:
    image: 'bitnami/php-fpm:latest'
    ports:
      - '9000:9000'
    volumes:
      - /path/to/app:/app

Kubernetes

WARNING: This is a beta configuration, currently unsupported.

Get the raw URL pointing to the kubernetes.yml manifest and use kubectl to create the resources on your Kubernetes cluster like so:

$ kubectl create -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/bitnami/bitnami-docker-php-fpm/master/kubernetes.yml

Why use Bitnami Images?

  • Bitnami closely tracks upstream source changes and promptly publishes new versions of this image using our automated systems.
  • With Bitnami images the latest bug fixes and features are available as soon as possible.
  • Bitnami containers, virtual machines and cloud images use the same components and configuration approach - making it easy to switch between formats based on your project needs.
  • Bitnami images are built on CircleCI and automatically pushed to the Docker Hub.
  • All our images are based on minideb a minimalist Debian based container image which gives you a small base container image and the familiarity of a leading linux distribution.

Supported tags and respective Dockerfile links

Subscribe to project updates by watching the bitnami/php-fpm GitHub repo.

Get this image

The recommended way to get the Bitnami PHP-FPM Docker Image is to pull the prebuilt image from the Docker Hub Registry.

docker pull bitnami/php-fpm:latest

To use a specific version, you can pull a versioned tag. You can view the list of available versions in the Docker Hub Registry.

docker pull bitnami/php-fpm:[TAG]

If you wish, you can also build the image yourself.

docker build -t bitnami/php-fpm https://github.com/bitnami/bitnami-docker-php-fpm.git

Connecting to other containers

This image is designed to be used with a web server to serve your PHP app, you can use docker networking to create a network and attach all the containers to that network.

Serving your PHP app through an nginx frontend

We will use PHP-FPM with nginx to serve our PHP app. Doing so will allow us to setup more complex configuration, serve static assets using nginx, load balance to different PHP-FPM instances, etc.

Step 1: Create a network

docker network create app-tier --driver bridge

or using Docker Compose:

version: '2'

networks:
  app-tier:
    driver: bridge

Step 2: Create a virtual host

Let's create an nginx virtual host to reverse proxy to our PHP-FPM container.

server {
    listen 0.0.0.0:80;
    server_name myapp.com;

    root /app;

    location / {
        index index.php;
    }

    location ~ \.php$ {
        # fastcgi_pass [PHP_FPM_LINK_NAME]:9000;
        fastcgi_pass myapp:9000;
        fastcgi_index index.php;
        include fastcgi.conf;
    }
}

Notice we've substituted the link alias name myapp, we will use the same name when creating the container.

Copy the virtual host above, saving the file somewhere on your host. We will mount it as a volume in our nginx container.

Step 3: Run the PHP-FPM image with a specific name

Docker's linking system uses container ids or names to reference containers. We can explicitly specify a name for our PHP-FPM server to make it easier to connect to other containers.

docker run -it --name phpfpm \
  --network app-tier
  -v /path/to/app:/app \
  bitnami/php-fpm

or using Docker Compose:

services:
  phpfpm:
    image: 'bitnami/php-fpm:latest'
    networks:
      - app-tier
    volumes:
      - /path/to/app:/app

Step 4: Run the nginx image

docker run -it \
  -v /path/to/vhost.conf:/bitnami/nginx/conf/vhosts/yourapp.conf \
  --network app-tier \
  bitnami/nginx

or using Docker Compose:

services:
  nginx:
    image: 'bitnami/nginx:latest'
    depends_on:
      - phpfpm
    networks:
      - app-tier
    ports:
      - '80:80'
      - '443:443'
    volumes:
      - /path/to/vhost.conf:/bitnami/nginx/conf/vhosts/yourapp.conf

PHP runtime

Since this image bundles a PHP runtime, you may want to make use of PHP outside of PHP-FPM. By default, running this image will start a server. To use the PHP runtime instead, we can override the the default command Docker runs by stating a different command to run after the image name.

Entering the REPL

PHP provides a REPL where you can interactively test and try things out in PHP.

docker run -it --name phpfpm bitnami/php-fpm php -a

Further Reading:

Running your PHP script

The default work directory for the PHP-FPM image is /app. You can mount a folder from your host here that includes your PHP script, and run it normally using the php command.

docker run -it --name php-fpm -v /path/to/app:/app bitnami/php-fpm \
  php script.php

Configuration

This container looks for configurations in /bitnami/php-fpm/conf. You can mount a directory at /bitnami/php-fpm with your own configurations in conf/, or the default configuration will be copied at conf/ if it is empty.

Step 1: Run the PHP-FPM image

Run the PHP-FPM image, mounting a directory from your host.

docker run --name phpfpm -v /path/to/php-fpm:/bitnami/php-fpm bitnami/php-fpm

or using Docker Compose:

version: '2'

services:
  phpfpm:
    image: 'bitnami/php-fpm:latest'
    ports:
      - '9000:9000'
    volumes:
      - /path/to/php-fpm:/bitnami/php-fpm

Step 2: Edit the configuration

Edit the configuration on your host using your favorite editor.

vi /path/to/php-fpm/conf/php-fpm.conf

Step 3: Restart PHP-FPM

After changing the configuration, restart your PHP-FPM container for the changes to take effect.

docker restart phpfpm

or using Docker Compose:

docker-compose restart phpfpm

Logging

The Bitnami PHP-FPM Docker Image sends the container logs to the stdout. You can configure the containers logging driver using the --log-driver option. By defauly the json-file driver is used.

To view the logs:

docker logs phpfpm

or using Docker Compose:

docker-compose logs phpfpm

The docker logs command is only available when the json-file or journald logging driver is in use.

Maintenance

Backing up your container

To backup your configurations, follow these simple steps:

Step 1: Stop the currently running container

docker stop phpfpm

or using Docker Compose:

docker-compose stop phpfpm

Step 2: Run the backup command

We need to mount two volumes in a container we will use to create the backup: a directory on your host to store the backup in, and the volumes from the container we just stopped so we can access the data.

docker run --rm -v /path/to/backups:/backups --volumes-from phpfpm busybox \
  cp -a /bitnami/php-fpm /backups/latest

or using Docker Compose:

docker run --rm -v /path/to/backups:/backups --volumes-from `docker-compose ps -q phpfpm` busybox \
  cp -a /bitnami/php-fpm /backups/latest

Restoring a backup

Restoring a backup is as simple as mounting the backup as volumes in the container.

docker run -v /path/to/backups/latest:/bitnami/php-fpm \
  bitnami/php-fpm

or using Docker Compose:

version: '2'

services:
  phpfpm:
    image: 'bitnami/php-fpm:latest'
    ports:
      - '9000:9000'
    volumes:
      - /path/to/backups/latest:/bitnami/php-fpm

Upgrade this image

Bitnami provides up-to-date versions of PHP-FPM, including security patches, soon after they are made upstream. We recommend that you follow these steps to upgrade your container.

Step 1: Get the updated image

docker pull bitnami/php-fpm:latest

or if you're using Docker Compose, update the value of the image property to
bitnami/php-fpm:latest.

Step 2: Stop and backup the currently running container

Before continuing, you should backup your container's configuration and logs.

Follow the steps on creating a backup.

Step 3: Remove the currently running container

docker rm -v phpfpm

or using Docker Compose:

docker-compose rm -v phpfpm

Step 4: Run the new image

Re-create your container from the new image, restoring your backup if necessary.

docker run --name phpfpm bitnami/php-fpm:latest

or using Docker Compose:

docker-compose start phpfpm

Notable Changes

7.0.6-r0 (2016-05-17)

  • All volumes have been merged at /bitnami/php-fpm. Now you only need to mount a single volume at /bitnami/php-fpm for persistence.
  • The logs are always sent to the stdout and are no longer collected in the volume.

5.5.30-2 (2015-12-07)

  • Enables support for imagick extension

5.5.30-0-r01 (2015-11-10)

  • php.ini is now exposed in the volume mounted at /bitnami/php-fpm/conf/ allowing users to change the defaults as per their requirements.

5.5.30-0 (2015-10-06)

  • /app directory is no longer exported as a volume. This caused problems when building on top of the image, since changes in the volume are not persisted between Dockerfile RUN instructions. To keep the previous behavior (so that you can mount the volume in another container), create the container with the -v /app option.

Contributing

We'd love for you to contribute to this Docker image. You can request new features by creating an issue, or submit a pull request with your contribution.

Issues

If you encountered a problem running this container, you can file an issue. For us to provide better support, be sure to include the following information in your issue:

  • Host OS and version
  • Docker version (docker version)
  • Output of docker info
  • Version of this container (echo $BITNAMI_IMAGE_VERSION inside the container)
  • The command you used to run the container, and any relevant output you saw (masking any sensitive information)

Community

Most real time communication happens in the #containers channel at bitnami-oss.slack.com; you can sign up at slack.oss.bitnami.com.

Discussions are archived at bitnami-oss.slackarchive.io.

License

Copyright (c) 2015-2016 Bitnami

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at

http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.

Docker Pull Command
Owner
bitnami
Source Repository

Comments (2)
chrisdbarnett
a year ago

I believe the documentation is now out of date if it is to cover linking to the latest bitnami nginx.

The example above uses:
/path/to/vhost.conf:/bitnami/nginx/conf/yourapp.conf

When I believe it should be
/path/to/vhost.conf:/bitnami/nginx/conf/vhosts/yourapp.conf

At least that's what works for me, after lots of gesticulating and swearing!

vingrad
a year ago

How can I add some extra php modules?