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Zoidberg

Zoidberg provides per app service discovery for Mesos with pluggable
discovery mechanisms. It allows you to shift traffic from version
to version in small percentages to ensure smooth deployments. It also
allows usual service discovery where it's up to framework how to
schedule tasks to avoid downtime.

Compatible load balancers

  • zoidberg-nginx:
    supports upstream list updates without spawning new workers,
    providing rich module ecosystem from nginx, including lua modules.

  • zoidberg-tcp:
    zero-configuration TCP proxy that supports automatic dynamic service creation.

Stability

Even though Zoidberg is deployed at scale (think 100s of Mesos slaves),
it is still stabilizing. Please see release notes before upgrading.

Architecture

Zoidberg consists of several parts:

  • Application finders responsible for finding apps.
  • Load balancer finders responsible for finding load balancers.
  • Load balancers are responsible for providing well known endpoints.
  • Explorer is bounded with discoverer and responsible for version management.

It is possible to run several independent Zoidberg instances on a single cluster.
Each Zoidberg instance is only responsible for making sure that his group of
load balancers knows about current state of application. Different Zoidberg instances
can manage a single or completely independent groups of load balancers.

Finders

Finder is a mechanism to discover load balancers and application tasks.

Application finders

Application finders discover apps running on your cluster.

The following application finders are available:

  • marathon
  • mesos

You must specify application finder with -application-finder cli argument.

Mesos and Marathon finders

Both marathon and mesos finders are label based finders, which means
that they rely on labels to discover applications running on the cluster.

Make sure to use the following labels for your apps:

  • zoidberg_port_X_app_name defines application name.
  • zoidberg_port_X_app_version defines application version, defaults to "1".
  • zoidberg_port_X_balanced_by defines load balancer name for application.
  • zoidberg_port_X_meta_* defines metadata labels for app, available in meta.

Here X is the port index. Each port creates a separate app so you can
expose them through different load balancers.

Arguments for marathon finder:

  • -application-finder-marathon-url marathon url in http://host:port[,host:port] format.

Arguments for mesos finder:

  • -application-finder-mesos-masters mesos masters in http://host:port[,http://host:port] format.

Load balancer finders

Load balancer finders discover load balancers available on your cluster.

The following load balancer finders are available:

  • marathon
  • mesos
  • static

You must specify load balancer finder with -balancer-finder cli argument.

Static finder

static finder has a predefined list of applications.

Arguments:

  • -balancer-finder-static-balancers list of balancers in host:port[,host:port] format.

Mesos and Marathon finders

Both marathon and mesos finders are label based finders, which means
that they rely on labels to discover balancers available on the cluster.

Make sure to use the following labels for your apps that are load balancers:

  • zoidberg_balancer_for defines load balancer name.

Arguments for marathon finder:

  • -balancer-finder-marathon-url marathon url in http://host:port[,host:port] format.

Arguments for mesos finder:

  • -balancer-finder-mesos-masters mesos masters in http://host:port[,http://host:port] format.

Running

In addition to finder arguments, you also have to specify the following:

  • -name Zoidberg instance name for identification.
  • -host host to listen on for API.
  • -port port to listen on for API.
  • -zk Zookeeper connection string for state persistence.
  • -balancer balancer name to tie apps and load balancers.

Note that instead of cli arguments you can also use environment variables,
just drop the first -, replace and - with _ and capitalize argument name.
For example, instead of specifying -application-finder marathon you could
set environment variable APPLICATION_FINDER=marathon.

Zoidberg is distributed as a docker image, below is an example how to run it
against Marathon running on a local Mesos cluster. Ttake a look at
mesos-compose to find out more about
running local mesos cluster.

docker run --rm -it --net host \
    -e HOST=0.0.0.0 \
    -e PORT=12345 \
    -e ZK=127.0.0.1:2181/zoidberg \
    -e APPLICATION_FINDER=marathon \
    -e APPLICATION_FINDER_MARATHON_URL=http://172.16.91.128:8080 \
    -e APPLICATION_FINDER_MARATHON_BALANCER=local \
    -e BALANCER_FINDER=static \
    -e BALANCER_FINDER_STATIC_BALANCERS=127.0.0.1:1234 \
    bobrik/zoidberg:0.6.0

Zoidberg API

Zoidberg provides the next HTTP API:

  • PUT /versions/{{app}} or POST /versions/{{app}} with json like this:
{
  "1": {
    "weight": 2
  }
}

{{app}} in URL should be replaced with the name of an actual app.

  • GET /state that returns full state (all set versions).

  • GET /discovery that returns json like this:

{
  "balancers": [
    {
      "host": "192.168.0.7",
      "port": 31631
    }
  ],
  "apps": {
    "myapp": {
      "name": "myapp",
      "servers": [
        {
          "host": "192.168.0.7",
          "port": 31000,
          "ports": [31000],
          "version": "1"
        }
      ],
      "meta": {}
    }
  }
}
  • GET /_health that returns 2xx code if everything looks good

Why?

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bobrik
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