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Last pushed: 9 days ago
Short Description
Couchbase Server with FakeIt preinstalled for loading fake data and scripts for easily definitions
Full Description

Overview

couchbasefakeit is a Docker image designed for testing and local development. It starts up a single, standalone Couchbase Server instance within a Docker container and initializes it with buckets, indexes, and fake data that you define. Fake data is generated using FakeIt.

This can be very useful in reducing developer friction, providing a way to quickly and easily spin up a Couchbase server preinitialized for your application. By including an Dockerfile and associated configuration files within your source control repo, you can version your development data definitions along with your application.

Pulling

The latest version can be pulled using:

docker pull btburnett3/couchbasefakeit:latest

The latest tag will be the latest Enterprise edition of Couchbase, with the latest release of FakeIt.

Specific versions may also be available, such as enterprise-4.6.0-1.0.5-2. This would be the Enterprise edition of Couchbase, version 4.6.0, with FakeIt 1.0.5, second revision. The tag enterprise-4.6.0-1.0.5 will pull the latest revision, and enterprise-4.6.0 will pull the FakeIt version and revision targeting Enterprise 4.6.0.

Using couchbasefakeit

To use couchbasefakeit, create your own Dockerfile that uses couchbasefakeit as its base image. Then add configuration files to the /startup directory of the new image. You may also override environment variables to change the Couchbase Server configuration.

FROM btburnett3/couchbasefakeit:latest

# Customize environment
ENV CB_DATARAM=256 \
    CB_PASSWORD=mypassword

# Copy files
COPY . /startup/

Environment Variables

The following environment variables can be set to change the Couchbase Server configuration:

Env Variable Description
CB_DATARAM Data service RAM in megabytes, default 512
CB_INDEXRAM Index service RAM in megabytes, default 256
CB_SEARCHRAM Search (FTS) service RAM in megabytes, default 256
CB_SERVICES Services to enable, default kv,n1ql,index,fts
CB_INDEXSTORAGE Index storage mode, forestdb (default) or memory_optimized
CB_USERNAME Couchbase user name, default Administrator
CB_PASSWORD Couchbase password, default password

Values for CB_SERVICES and CB_INDEXSTORAGE correspond to parameters for the Couchbase REST API.

Bucket Configuration

To configure your buckets, simply place a buckets.json file in the /startup directory of your image. This file should contain an array of bucket definition objects.

[
  {
    "name": "sample",
    "ramQuotaMB": 100,
    "bucketType": "membase",
    "authType": "sasl",
    "saslPassword": "",
    "evictionPolicy": "fullEviction",
    "replicaNumber": 0,
    "flushEnabled": 1
  },
  {
    "name": "default",
    "ramQuotaMB": 100,
    "bucketType": "membase",
    "authType": "sasl",
    "saslPassword": "",
    "evictionPolicy": "fullEviction",
    "replicaNumber": 0,
    "flushEnabled": 1
  }
]

Attribute names and values in this file correspond with the Couchbase REST API create bucket endpoint.

If this file is not overridden in your image, it will create a single bucket named default with a RAM quota of 100MB.

Generating Data With FakeIt

To generate data with FakeIt, create a directory underneath /startup with the name of your bucket, and directory beneath that named models. For example, /startup/sample/models. Note that the names are case sensitive. Add your FakeIt YAML models to the models directory.

FakeIt will be run using these models automatically during startup.
You may also include inputs, such as CSV files, in the image to be referenced by the models.

This process will be run before indexes are created so that index updates don't degrade the performance of the data inserts.

Creating Views

To create views, add a directory underneath /startup with the name of your bucket and a text file named views.json. This file should be a JSON object with one or more design document specifications. The name of each attribute should be the name of the design document.

{
  "customers": {
    "views": {
        "CustomersByFirstName": {
            "map": "function (doc, meta) {\n  if ((doc.type === \"customer\") && doc.firstName) {\n    emit(doc.firstName, null);\n  }\n}"
        }
    }
  }
}

Examples of the syntax for design documents can be found in the Couchbase documentation. Note that views.json has an extra nesting level above the Couchbase examples, as it supports more than one design document in a single file.

Creating Indexes

To create indexes, add a directory underneath /startup with the name of your bucket and a text file named indexes.n1ql. For example, /startup/default/indexes.n1ql. Note that the names are case sensitive.

Within this file, you can define the CREATE INDEX statements for your bucket, separated by semicolons. It is recommended for performance to use WITH {"defer_build": true} for all indexes, and use a BUILD INDEX statement at the end of the file.

CREATE PRIMARY INDEX `#primary` ON default WITH {"defer_build": true};
CREATE INDEX `Types` ON default (`type`) WITH {"defer_build": true};
BUILD INDEX ON default (`#primary`, `Types`)

Creating Full Text Search Indexes

To create FTS indexes, add a directory underneath /startup with the name of your bucket, and underneath that a fts directory. Within that, add a json file for each index, with the file name being the index name. For example, /startup/default/fts/my_index.json. Note that names are case sensitive.

Within this file, place the JSON index definition. This can be easily exported from the Couchbase Console.

To create FTS index aliases, add an additional file in the same folder named aliases.json. This file should be an object with each attribute being an alias name, and the value being an array of index names.

{
    "my_alias": ["my_index"],
    "my_second_alias": ["my_index_2", "my_index_3"]
}

Example

An example image configuration can be found here.

To run the example locally:

  1. Ensure that Couchbase Server is not currently running on your machine to avoid port conflicts
  2. git clone https://github.com/brantburnett/couchbasefakeit.git
  3. cd couchbasefakeit/example
  4. docker-compose up -d
  5. The server will be accessible at http://localhost:8091 after 15-30 seconds. The username is "Administrator", password is "mypassword".

To shut down and cleanup:

  1. docker-compose down

For more detailed examples of FakeIt models, see https://github.com/bentonam/fakeit/tree/dev/test/fixtures/models.

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btburnett3

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