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What is Apache Solr™?
Apache Solr is highly reliable, scalable and fault tolerant, providing distributed indexing, replication and load-balanced querying, automated failover and recovery, centralized configuration and more. Solr powers the search and navigation features of many of the world's largest internet sites.
A video presentation "Introduction to docker-solr" can be found on https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zqst7CwAT60.
How to use this Docker image
Run Solr and index example data
To run a single Solr server:
$ docker run --name my_solr -d -p 8983:8983 -t solr
Then with a web browser go to
http://localhost:8983/ to see the Admin Console (adjust the hostname for your docker host).
To use Solr, you need to create a "core", an index for your data. For example:
$ docker exec -it my_solr solr create_core -c gettingstarted
In the web UI if you click on "Core Admin" you should now see the "gettingstarted" core.
If you want to load some of the example data that is included in the container:
$ docker exec -it my_solr post -c gettingstarted example/exampledocs/manufacturers.xml
In the UI, find the "Core selector" popup menu and select the "gettingstarted" core, then select the "Query" menu item. This gives you a default search for
*:* which returns all docs. Hit the "Execute Query" button, and you should see a few docs with data. Congratulations!
For convenience, there is a single command that starts Solr, creates a collection called "demo", and loads sample data into it:
$ docker run --name solr_demo -d -P solr solr-demo
Loading your own data
If you want load your own data, you'll have to make it available to the container, for example by copying it into the container:
$ docker cp $HOME/mydata/mydata.xml my_solr:/opt/solr/mydata.xml $ docker exec -it my_solr post -c gettingstarted mydata.xml
or by mounting a host directory as a volume:
$ docker run --name my_solr -d -p 8983:8983 -t -v $HOME/mydata:/opt/solr/mydata solr $ docker exec -it my_solr solr create_core -c gettingstarted $ docker exec -it my_solr post -c gettingstarted mydata/mydata.xml
To learn more about Solr, see the Apache Solr Reference Guide.
In addition to the
docker exec method explained above, you can create a core automatically at start time, in several ways.
If you run:
$ docker run -d -P solr solr-create -c mycore
the container will:
- run Solr in the background, on the loopback interface
- wait for it to start
- run the "solr create" command with the arguments you passed
- stop the background Solr
- start Solr in the foreground
You can combine this with mounted volumes to pass in core configuration from your host:
$ docker run -d -P -v $PWD/myconfig:/myconfig solr solr-create -c mycore -d /myconfig
When using the
solr-create command, Solr will log to the standard docker log (inspect with
and the collection creation will happen in the background and log to
This first way closely mirrors the manual core creation steps and uses Solr's own tools to create the core,
so should be reliable.
The second way of creating a core at start time is using the
solr-precreate command. This will create the core
in the filesystem before running Solr. You should pass it the core name, and optionally the directory to copy the
config from (this defaults to the built-in "_default" config in Solr 7, and "data_driven_schema_configs" in Solr 6).
$ docker run -d -P solr solr-precreate mycore $ docker run -d -P -v $PWD/myconfig:/myconfig solr solr-precreate mycore /myconfig
This method stores the core in an intermediate subdirectory called "mycores". This allows you to use mounted
$ mkdir mycores $ sudo chown 8983:8983 mycores $ docker run -d -P -v $PWD/mycores:/opt/solr/server/solr/mycores solr solr-precreate mycore
This second way is quicker, easier to monitor because it logs to the docker log, and can fail immediately if something is wrong.
The third way of creating a core at startup is to use the mechanism explained in the "Extending the image" section below.
Using Docker Compose
With Docker Compose you can create a Solr container with the index stored in a named data volume.
version: '2' services: solr: image: solr ports: - "8983:8983" volumes: - data:/opt/solr/server/solr/mycores entrypoint: - docker-entrypoint.sh - solr-precreate - mycore volumes: data:
and just run
In docker-solr you can simply pass these environment variables to the container. For example:
docker run -d -P -e SOLR_HEAP=800m solr:7.2.0
This works for Solr versions newer than 6.3.0. Older versions had some hardcoded defaults in
docs/set-heap.sh for how to modify that configuration.
In Solr, it is common to specify a custom SOLR_HOME, to store cores and configuration in a different volume.
In docker-solr, you can use that with mounted volumes:
mkdir mysolrhome sudo chown 8983:8983 mysolrhome docker run -it -v $PWD/mysolrhome:/mysolrhome -e SOLR_HOME=/mysolrhome solr
Solr requires a solr.xml file and configsets in the SOLR_HOME, so you must provide that ahead of time.
One way of doing that is to copy the default content before running Solr:
docker run -it -v $PWD/mysolrhome:/mysolrhome -e SOLR_HOME=/mysolrhome solr \ bash -c "cp -R /opt/solr/server/solr/* /mysolrhome" docker run -it -v $PWD/mysolrhome:/mysolrhome -e SOLR_HOME=/mysolrhome solr
or, in a single command:
docker run -it -v $PWD/mysolrhome:/mysolrhome -e SOLR_HOME=/mysolrhome solr \ bash -c "cp -R /opt/solr/server/solr/* /mysolrhome && exec docker-entrypoint.sh solr"
As an added convenience, you can pass
-e INIT_SOLR_HOME=yes to do that automatically (if SOLR_HOME is empty):
docker run -it -v $PWD/mysolrhome:/mysolrhome -e SOLR_HOME=/mysolrhome -e INIT_SOLR_HOME=yes solr
Extending the image
The docker-solr image has an extension mechanism. At run time, before starting Solr, the container will execute scripts
/docker-entrypoint-initdb.d/ directory. You can add your own scripts there either by using mounted volumes
or by using a custom Dockerfile. These scripts can for example copy a core directory with pre-loaded data for continuous
integration testing, or modify the Solr configuration.
Here is a simple example. With a
custom.sh script like:
#!/bin/bash set -e echo "this is running inside the container before Solr starts"
you can run:
$ docker run --name solr_custom1 -d -P -v $PWD/custom.sh:/docker-entrypoint-initdb.d/custom.sh solr $ sleep 5 $ docker logs solr_custom1 | head /opt/docker-solr/scripts/docker-entrypoint.sh: running /docker-entrypoint-initdb.d/set-heap.sh this is running inside the container before Solr starts Starting Solr on port 8983 from /opt/solr/server
With this extension mechanism it can be useful to see the shell commands that are being executed by the
script in the docker log. To do that, set an environment variable using Docker's
You can also run a distributed Solr configuration.
The recommended and most flexible way to do that is to use Docker networking.
See the Can I run ZooKeeper and Solr clusters under Docker FAQ,
and this example.
You can also use legacy links, see the Can I run ZooKeeper and Solr with Docker Links FAQ.
About this repository
This repository is based on (and replaces)
makuk66/docker-solr, and has been sponsored by Lucidworks.
Solr is licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0.
This repository is also licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0.
Copyright 2015 Martijn Koster
Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.
Please report issues with this docker image on this Github project.
For general questions about Solr, see the Community information, in particular the solr-user mailing list.
If you want to contribute to Solr, see the Solr Resources.