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Last pushed: 9 months ago
Short Description
Barman PostgreSQL backup manager with Prometheus metrics
Full Description


A pgbarman docker image with Prometheus metrics

What does this image do

After properly configured this image runs a cron with the cron command every minute. That "executes WAL archiving operations concurrently on a server basis, and this also enforces retention policies on those servers that have:

  • retention_policy not empty and valid;
  • retention_policy_mode set to auto.

The cron command ensures that WAL streaming is started for those servers that have requested it, by transparently executing the receive-wal command."

The image currently is focused on streaming replication so no rsync streaming or now.

How to use this image

$ docker run -v /path/to/db/configs:/etc/barman.d/ -v /path/to/backupdata/:/var/lib/barman/ decsis/pg-barman

For an full overview of using this image with a server check the example configuration for in the docker-compose.yml. If you run this compose file you will obtain two PostgresSQL servers and a Barman scheduled to make full backups every hour for server1 and every 6 hours to server2. Also a Prometheus server will be available to gather metrics from the exporter included in the image.

docker-compose up

After that Barman will complain in the log:

barman_1        | 2017-03-17 11:54:02,239 [192] barman.server ERROR: replication slot 'barman' doesn't exist. Please execute 'barman receive-wal --create-slot postgreslab1'
barman_1        | 2017-03-17 11:54:02,256 [193] barman.wal_archiver INFO: Synchronous WAL streaming for barman_receive_wal: False
barman_1        | 2017-03-17 11:54:02,257 [193] barman.server ERROR: replication slot 'barman' doesn't exist. Please execute 'barman receive-wal --create-slot postgreslab2'

Just run:

docker exec -u barman -it dockerbarman_barman_1 barman receive-wal --create-slot postgreslab1
docker exec -u barman -it dockerbarman_barman_1 barman receive-wal --create-slot postgreslab2

Give it a minute or so to settle up and then execute the following to make PostgreSQL servers switch to another transaction log file and allows barman to be ready to do backups:

docker exec -u barman -it dockerbarman_barman_1 barman switch-xlog --force all

Finally execute the backups:

docker exec -u barman -it dockerbarman_barman_1 barman backup all

At any point you can view the status at http://localhost:8000

IMPORTANT: Take this just as a quick overview of the image funcionality. Please do read the barman manual and the PostgreSQL documentation to fully understand what is going on.

Configuring Barman

All ENV variables that starts with BARMAN_ will be converted read and converted to the correct format needed for barman.conf file. Example BARMAN_MINIMUM_REDUNDANCY=1 will be inserted as minimum_redundancy=1. Full list of options at pgbarman's manual.

Alternatively it is possible to mount a volume file in $BARMAN_BARMAN_HOME/.barman.conf that will override the base config file.

Configuring servers

For server configurations provide a file per server in /etc/barman.d/ as stated in the barman manual.

Additionaly you can pass a extra configuration in these files for scheduling backups:

#:backup_cron = 0 10 * * *
#:backup_recovery_ssh_cmd = "ssh root@rec_pg"


The image runs a every minute script that maintains (insert, update and delete) the crontab gathering this property from the available *.conf files. The resulting crontab for the previous example:

* * * * * barman cron
* * * * * /opt/barman/scripts/
0 10 * * * barman backup postgreslab3


If this property is present after each backup of the corresponding database a recovery attempt will be performed and its duration registered as a Prometheus metric.

Currently this only works with the companion image .

Important: Please notice that this additional properties are prefixed by #: to avoid barman complaining about an unknown property. The : is there to make clear this is not just a comment.

Available metrics

The image ships with a Prometheus exporter in the form of a Python script. After the container starts the metrics should be available at http://localhost:8000.

It will generate the following metrics:

  • barman_status Status as given by barman check command (0 is OK everything else is bad)
  • barman_last_backup_size_bytes Last backup size in bytes
  • barman_expected_redundancy Number of expected backups as defined in config minimum_redundancy
  • barman_database_size_bytes Database size in bytes
  • barman_backup_duration_seconds Backup duration in seconds
  • barman_recovery_duration_seconds Recovery duration in seconds
  • barman_recovery_status Recovery status per database
  • barman_backup_window_seconds Backup window covered by all existing backups
  • barman_last_backup_age_seconds Last backup age
  • barman_current_redundancy Number of existing backups

A sample scrape config is available in example/prometheus_config.yml

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