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Last pushed: 4 days ago
Short Description
Docker image for PostgreSQL (RelStorage ready)
Full Description

PostgreSQL with replication support (ZODB RelStorage ready)

Docker image for PostgreSQL with replication support and ZODB RelStorage ready

This image is generic, thus you can obviously re-use it within
your non-related EEA projects.

  • Debian: Jessie
  • PostgreSQL: 9.6
  • Expose: 5432

Supported tags and respective Dockerfile links

Stable and immutable tags

  • :9.6-3.0 Dockerfile - PostgreSQL: 9.6 Release: 3.0
  • :9.5-3.0 Dockerfile - PostgreSQL: 9.5 Release: 3.0
  • :9.4-3.0 Dockerfile - PostgreSQL: 9.4 Release: 3.0
  • :9.3-3.0 Dockerfile - PostgreSQL: 9.3 Release: 3.0
  • :9.2-3.0 Dockerfile - PostgreSQL: 9.2 Release: 3.0
  • :9.1-3.0 Dockerfile - PostgreSQL: 9.1 Release: 3.0

See older versions

Base docker image

Source code

Changelog

Installation

  1. Install Docker.

  2. Install Docker Compose.

Simple usage

$ docker run --name=pg1 \
             -e POSTGRES_USER=postgres \
             -e POSTGRES_PASSWORD=postgres \
             -e POSTGRES_DBNAME=datafs zasync \
             -e POSTGRES_DBUSER=zope \
             -e POSTGRES_DBPASS=zope \
         eeacms/postgres

Or using docker-compose:

version: "2"
services:
  postgres:
    image: eeacms/postgres
    ports:
    - "5432:5432"
    environment:
      POSTGRES_USER: postgres
      POSTGRES_PASSWORD: postgres
      POSTGRES_DBNAME: datafs zasync
      POSTGRES_DBUSER: zope
      POSTGRES_DBPASS: zope
    volumes:
    - postgres-data:/var/lib/postgresql/data
volumes:
  postgres-data:

PostgreSQL replication

Start master node:

$ docker run --name=master \
             -e POSTGRES_USER=postgres \
             -e POSTGRES_PASSWORD=postgres \
             -e POSTGRES_DBNAME="datafs zasync" \
             -e POSTGRES_DBUSER=zope \
             -e POSTGRES_DBPASS=zope \
             -e POSTGRES_CONFIG_wal_level=hot_standby \
             -e POSTGRES_CONFIG_max_wal_senders=8 \
             -e POSTGRES_CONFIG_wal_keep_segments=8 \
             -e POSTGRES_CONFIG_hot_standby=on \
        eeacms/postgres

Start replica:

$ docker run --name=replica1 \
             --link=master \
             -e POSTGRES_REPLICATE_FROM=master \
             -e POSTGRES_USER=postgres \
             -e POSTGRES_PASSWORD=postgres \
             -e POSTGRES_CONFIG_wal_level=hot_standby \
             -e POSTGRES_CONFIG_max_wal_senders=8 \
             -e POSTGRES_CONFIG_wal_keep_segments=8 \
             -e POSTGRES_CONFIG_hot_standby=on \
    eeacms/postgres

or using docker-compose:

version: "2"
services:
  master:
    image: postgres-dev
    environment:
      POSTGRES_USER: "postgres"
      POSTGRES_PASSWORD: "postgres"
      POSTGRES_DBNAME: "datafs zasync"
      POSTGRES_DBUSER: "zope"
      POSTGRES_DBPASS: "zope"
      POSTGRES_CONFIG_wal_level: "hot_standby"
      POSTGRES_CONFIG_max_wal_senders: "8"
      POSTGRES_CONFIG_wal_keep_segments: "8"
      POSTGRES_CONFIG_hot_standby: "on"
    volumes:
    - master-data:/var/lib/postgresql/data

  replica:
    image: postgres-dev
    depends_on:
    - master
    environment:
      POSTGRES_USER: "postgres"
      POSTGRES_PASSWORD: "postgres"
      POSTGRES_CONFIG_wal_level: "hot_standby"
      POSTGRES_CONFIG_max_wal_senders: "8"
      POSTGRES_CONFIG_wal_keep_segments: "8"
      POSTGRES_CONFIG_hot_standby: "on"
      POSTGRES_REPLICATE_FROM: "master"
    volumes:
    - replica-data:/var/lib/postgresql/data

volumes:
  master-data:
  replica-data:

Customize your deployment by changing environment variables.
See Supported environment variables section bellow.

You may want to restore existing PostgreSQL database,
within data container. See section Restore existing database

Where to Store Data

There are several ways to store data used by applications that run in Docker containers.
We encourage you to familiarize with the options available.

The Docker documentation
is a good starting point for understanding the different storage options and
variations, and there are multiple blogs and forum postings that discuss and
give advice in this area.

<a name="restore"></a>

Restore existing database

Extract PostgreSQL database from the container

$ cd eea.docker.postgres
$ docker-compose up -d
$ docker exec -it eeadockerpostgres_postgres_1 \
         gosu postgres /postgresql.restore/database-backup.sh datafs
$ docker cp eeadockerpostgres_postgres_1:/postgresql.backup/datafs.gz .

Restore PostgreSQL database from backup

WARNING:
NEVER do this directly on PRODUCTION. This will DROP your existing database

$ cd eea.docker.postgres
$ docker-compose up -d
$ docker cp datafs.gz eeadockerpostgres_postgres_1:/postgresql.backup/
$ docker exec eeadockerpostgres_postgres_1 \
         gosu postgres /postgresql.restore/database-restore.sh datafs

<a name="env"></a>

Supported environment variables

  • POSTGRES_USER This optional environment variable is used in conjunction
    with POSTGRES_PASSWORD to set a user and its password. This variable will
    create the specified user with superuser power and a database with the same name.
    If it is not specified, then the default user of postgres will be used.
  • POSTGRES_PASSWORD This environment variable is recommend for you to use
    the PostgreSQL image. This environment variable sets the superuser password
    for PostgreSQL. The default superuser is defined by the POSTGRES_USER
    environment variable. Default postgres
  • POSTGRES_DBNAME Create multiple databases (space separated) within PostgreSQL with POSTGRES_DBUSER as owner.
    E.g. POSTGRES_DBNAME=datafs zasync
  • POSTGRES_DBUSER Owner for POSTGRES_DBNAME
  • POSTGRES_DBPASS Password for POSTGRES_DBUSER
  • POSTGRES_REPLICATE_FROM Start a PostgreSQL replica of the given master
  • POSTGRES_REPLICATION_NETWORK Restrict replication only on this network (e.g.: 172.168.0.0/16)
  • POSTGRES_CONFIG Multiline environment variable to provide additional or to override postgres configuration.
  • RECOVERY_CONFIG Multiline environment variables to add entries to recovery.conf
  • POSTGRES_CRONS Multiline environment variable to define maintenance cron jobs (nighly backup, cleanup archive WALs)

You can also override postgres configuration via environment variables by using
POSTGRES_CONFIG_ prefix. Example:

POSTGRES_CONFIG_MAX_CONNECTIONS=200
POSTGRES_CONFIG_SHARED_BUFFERS=4GB

Also you can configure recovery.conf by using RECOVERY_CONFIG_ environment variables.

See PostgreSQL Documentation for supported parameters.
You should also check Tuning Your PostgreSQL Server

In the same way you can define maintenance cron jobs by using
POSTGRES_CRON_ prefix. Example to backup nighly datafs database at 3 AM:

POSTGRES_CRON_1=0 3 * * * postgres /postgresql.restore/database-backup.sh datafs

or restore Staging DB daily at 5 AM:

POSTGRES_CRON_2=0 5 * * * postgres /postgresql.restore/database-restore.sh datafs

Troubleshooting

If you get errors like FATAL: could not map anonymous shared memory: Cannot allocate memory, lower the shared_buffers via environment variable (default 2G):

POSTGRES_CONFIG_shared_buffers=512MB

See also: Tuning Your PostgreSQL Server

Copyright and license

The Initial Owner of the Original Code is European Environment Agency (EEA).
All Rights Reserved.

The Original Code is free software;
you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU
General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation;
either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later
version.

Funding

European Environment Agency (EU)

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eeacms
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