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Docker Gerrit Server

Gerrit version supported: 2.11

When the container is created, we mount/map the volume of the host /home/gerrit-site to this volume of the docker container /home/gerrit/site in order to restore previously configured configurations (database, etc files, ...). The name of the docker container volume can't be changed...

Functionality

This is a Gerrit docker image which can be used to facilitate online code reviews for projects using the Git version control system.

This project improves the existing available Gerrit Docker images as it allows you to control the authentication options (default is OpenID) as well as enable replication to git hosting sites like Github, GitLab, or Gogs. Additionally, you can automatically create users and assign public keys using this image and passing in environment variables

The following gerrit plugins are packaged with this image :

  • download-commands (gerrit project)
  • delete-project (gerrit project)
  • replication (gerrit project)
  • add-user-plugin (custom)
  • change-project-config (custom)

Replication to authoritative Git repo

By default, this plugin will allow you to replicate gerrit changes (those changes that have been code reviewed and approved) to authoritative git repos. An example use case would be to use [Gogs}(http://gogs.io) or Github to host your projects, but force any changes to your project to go through Gerrit for code review. Gerrit maintains its own git repo internally for change reviews, but something like Gogs or Github are much better at managing a project. When changes are approved, we can have our changes replicated to the appropriate branch in the authoritative git repo (Gogs/Github). This replication is done automatically if you specify these environment variables:

  • GIT_SERVER_IP hostname of the Git Server (gogs, gitlab) used to replicate the git project
  • GIT_SERVER_PORT port of the http Git Server (gogs, gitlab)
  • GIT_SERVER_USER user name to be used to be authenticated with the Git Http Server when replication will take place
  • GIT_SERVER_PASSWORD password of the GIT_SERVER_USER
  • GIT_SERVER_PROJ_ROOT root of the web project hosting the git repositories (Default : root)

Admin user and accounts to be created

The add-user-plugin is a custom plugin to automate creation of an Admin user so that you can use this Docker image in an automated Continuous Integration/Continuous Delivery platform (like the one we use in fabric8.io. It can also automate adding users (like those used for automatic code checking, e.g., jenkins or sonaqube users).

To enable these features, you must set the GERRIT_ADMIN_FULLNAME environment variable, and then fill in any of the other environment variables (listed below).

  • GERRIT_ADMIN_USER - the name of the admin user to create if one does not exist, or of an existing admin user to update
  • GERRIT_ADMIN_EMAIL - the email to use for creating/updating the admin user
  • GERRIT_ADMIN_FULLNAME - the admin user's full name to be displayed, ie, Administrator or John Doe
  • GERRIT_ADMIN_PWD - the HTTP password to assign to the admin user; can be used for git http access
  • GERRIT_ACCOUNTS - a ; delimited string of user accounts to automatically create when first starting up. example:
    'jenkins,jenkins,jenkins@fabric8.io,secret,Non-Interactive Users:Administrators;sonar,sonar,sonar@fabric8.io,secret,Non-Interactive Users'
    the format of the string is <user_id><full_name><email><password><roles/groups>
  • GERRIT_PUBLIC_KEYS_PATH - the location/path on disk for where the admin and any users (if applicable, pass as GERRITACCOUNTS described above) public keys should be found. By default, public keys will be matched by this convention `iduser_id_rsa.pub`
  • GERRIT_USER_PUBLIC_KEY_PREFIX - you can change the default prefix of the public keys which is id_
  • GERRIT_USER_PUBLIC_KEY_SUFFIX - you can change the default suffix of the public keys which is _rsa.pub

You can also automate adding users (jenkins, sonarqube, etc) using this environment variable GERRIT_ACCOUNTS and using this convention :

GERRIT_ACCOUNTS='user1,fullname1,email1,pwd1,group1:group2:...;user2,fullname2,email2,pwd2,group1:group2:...;...'

Example : -e GERRIT_ACCOUNTS='jenkins,jenkins,jenkins@fabric8.io,secret,Non-Interactive Users:Administrators;sonar,sonar,sonar@fabric8.io,secret,Non-Interactive Users'

The Gerrit groups that you can use are : 'Non-Interactive Users','Administrators'

To properly set up the Public keys for the users, you should pass the location of the keys via an environment variable GERRIT_PUBLIC_KEYS_PATH. The public keys for both admin and all of the other users (passed as part of the GERRIT_ACCOUNTS) should reside in this location and should follow the convention <prefix>userid<suffix> where prefix and suffix are by default id_ and _rsa.pub respectively. You can change these defaults by passing in environment variables to GERRIT_USER_PUBLIC_KEY_PREFIX and GERRIT_USER_PUBLIC_KEY_SUFFIX.

How the keys get into the container is up to you, though typically bind mounted in as a docker volume. This could also be done in Kubernetes using secret volumes.

The volume of the folder containing the public keys of the users must be mounted and the value of the volume passed as an env variable to the docker container ("GERRIT_PUBLIC_KEYS_PATH").

The last part is you need to update the project permissions for Gerrit. This will happen automatically for you if you have GERRIT_ADMIN_FULLNAME for you AND set the admin users's private key.

  • GERRIT_ADMIN_PRIVATE_KEY - the location and name of the admin private key to use to connect to the gerrit config repo as admin user eg, /path/to/file/id_rsa
  • GERRIT_ADMIN_PRIVATE_KEY_PASSWORD - the password to use the private key, if applicable. if there is no password, just leave it blank

These are optional and use default values if you don't specify them (recommended). Can be used for further tuning.

  • GERRIT_GIT_LOCALPATH - location on disk that the gerrit plugin will use to checkout any gerrit-specific config files (default: /home/gerrit/git)
  • GERRIT_GIT_REMOTEPATH - the location in a running gerrit instance where the config project resides (default: ssh://admin@localhost:29418/All-Projects)
  • GERRIT_GIT_PROJECT_CONFIG - the config file to use (replace) when updating the gerrit config (default: /home/gerrit/config/project.config)

Authentication mode

  • AUTH_TYPE : the authentication mode to use to authenticate the incoming user (Default : OpenID, Values : OpenID, DEVELOPMENT_BECOME_ANY_ACCOUNT, HTTP, LDAP, OAUTH, ...) - See doc for more info

Volumes

This image requires that we pass mount different volumes :

  • Host SSH Public Key Volume : Container SSH Public Volume (Example : -v /user/home/.ssh/id_rsa.pub:/root/.ssh/id_rsa.pub)
  • Host SSH Private Key Volume : Container SSH Private Volume (Example : -v /user/home/.ssh/id_rsa:/root/.ssh/id_rsa)

    Those keys will be used by the Java Job to git clone the project using the SSHD of gerrit. The public key will also be imported as the admin user key

  • Host Gerrit Site generated Volume (backup) : Container Gerrit Site Volume (Example : -v /home/gerrit-site:/home/gerrit/site)

  • Host Users/Accounts Public Volume : Container Gerrit SSh-Keys of the accounts (Example : -v /home/accounts/ssh-keys/:/home/gerrit/ssh-keys)

Running this container

You can run this container with the additive functionality enabled, or disabled as follows:

Running without any additional features

docker run -it -p 0.0.0.0:8080:8080 -p 127.0.0.1:29418:29418 --rm \ 
        --name gerrit docker.io/fabric8/gerrit:latest

Running in a mode that allows you to automatically login (demos only)

docker run -it -p 0.0.0.0:8080:8080 -p 127.0.0.1:29418:29418 --rm \
        -e AUTH_TYPE='DEVELOPMENT_BECOME_ANY_ACCOUNT' \
        --name gerrit docker.io/fabric8/gerrit:latest

Running with replication turned on

docker run -it -p 0.0.0.0:8080:8080 -p 127.0.0.1:29418:29418 --rm \
        -e AUTH_TYPE='DEVELOPMENT_BECOME_ANY_ACCOUNT' \
        -e GIT_SERVER_IP='gogs-http-service.default.local' \
        -e GIT_SERVER_PORT='80' \
        -e GIT_SERVER_USER=root \
        -e GIT_SERVER_PASSWORD=fabric01 \
        -e GIT_SERVER_PROJ_ROOT=root \        
        --name gerrit docker.io/fabric8/gerrit:latest

Running with replication and automatically set up Admin user

docker run -it -p 0.0.0.0:8080:8080 -p 127.0.0.1:29418:29418 --rm \
        -e AUTH_TYPE='DEVELOPMENT_BECOME_ANY_ACCOUNT' \
        -e GIT_SERVER_IP='gogs-http-service.default.local' \
        -e GIT_SERVER_PORT='80' \
        -e GIT_SERVER_USER=root \
        -e GIT_SERVER_PASSWORD=fabric01 \
        -e GIT_SERVER_PROJ_ROOT=root \      
        -e GERRIT_ADMIN_USER='admin' \
        -e GERRIT_ADMIN_EMAIL='admin@fabric8.io' \
        -e GERRIT_ADMIN_FULLNAME='Administrator' \
        -e GERRIT_ADMIN_PWD='mysecret' \          
        -e GERRIT_ADMIN_PRIVATE_KEY='/home/gerrit/ssh-keys/id_admin_rsa' \
        -e GERRIT_PUBLIC_KEYS_PATH='/home/gerrit/ssh-keys' \
        -v /path/to/keys:/home/gerrit/ssh-keys \
        --name gerrit docker.io/fabric8/gerrit:latest

Running with replication, set up Admin user, and add additional users

docker run -it -p 0.0.0.0:8080:8080 -p 127.0.0.1:29418:29418 --rm \
        -e AUTH_TYPE='DEVELOPMENT_BECOME_ANY_ACCOUNT' \
        -e GIT_SERVER_IP='gogs-http-service.default.local' \
        -e GIT_SERVER_PORT='80' \
        -e GIT_SERVER_USER=root \
        -e GIT_SERVER_PASSWORD=fabric01 \
        -e GIT_SERVER_PROJ_ROOT=root \      
        -e GERRIT_ADMIN_USER='admin' \
        -e GERRIT_ADMIN_EMAIL='admin@fabric8.io' \
        -e GERRIT_ADMIN_FULLNAME='Administrator' \
        -e GERRIT_ADMIN_PWD='mysecret' \          
        -e GERRIT_ADMIN_PRIVATE_KEY='/home/gerrit/ssh-keys/id_admin_rsa' \    
        -e GERRIT_ACCOUNTS='jenkins,jenkins,jenkins@fabric8.io,secret,Non-Interactive Users:Administrators;sonar,sonar,sonar@fabric8.io,secret,Non-Interactive Users' \
        -e GERRIT_PUBLIC_KEYS_PATH='/home/gerrit/ssh-keys' \
        -v /path/to/keys:/home/gerrit/ssh-keys \
        --name gerrit docker.io/fabric8/gerrit:latest

Running with Kubernetes secret volumes

One last thing to point out; with Kubernetes we can use secret volumes to pass in the type of SSH keys used by gerrit for some of this additional functionality. One thing to note, the key names cannot have underscores in them. So you can opt to name your keys differently using prefix/suffix that is configurable with these environment variables:

  • GERRIT_USER_PUBLIC_KEY_PREFIX - you can change the default prefix of the public keys which is id_
  • GERRIT_USER_PUBLIC_KEY_SUFFIX - you can change the default suffix of the public keys which is _rsa.pub

Instructions

To build the image and test it, open a terminal under the project cloned or download form the github repo and run this script command
The script accepts 2 parameters : username, localation of the gerrit_site on your local machine and the IP Address:PORT of the Docker Host

./scripts/generate-keys.sh
./scripts/daemon-gerrit.sh HOSTNAME_IPADDRESS_DOCKER:PORT cmoulliard /home/temp/gerrit-site

When the server is started, you can test the connection with the http server http://http://192.168.99.100/:8080 or using ssh

ssh -i /Users/chmoulli/Fuse/Fuse-projects/fabric8/docker-gerrit/ssh-keys/id-admin-rsa -p 29418 admin@192.168.99.100

The IP address could be different depending where your docker server is running (boot2docker, ...)

Test with REST API

http --auth admin:secret http://192.168.59.103:8080/projects/
http --auth-type digest -a admin:secret PUT http://192.168.59.103:8080/a/projects/MyProject < my-project.json

where my-project.json is 

{
  "description": "This is a demo project.",
  "submit_type": "CHERRY_PICK"
}
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Comments (3)
nateha
6 months ago

I can't change and set AUTH_TYPE : HTTP.
Could you describe how to set it up?

saku
2 years ago

Same as saray

saray
2 years ago

I can’t run the image. This is the error:
mv: cannot move '//bin' to a subdirectory of itself, '//bin/bin'