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Last pushed: 6 months ago
Short Description
A Docker Image for PostgreSQL
Full Description

PostgreSQL Dockerfile

A Dockerfile that produces a Docker Image for PostgreSQL.

PostgreSQL version

The master branch currently hosts PostgreSQL 9.6.

Different versions of PostgreSQL are located at the github repo branches.

Usage

Build the image

To create the image frodenas/postgresql, execute the following command on the docker-postgresql folder:

docker build -t frodenas/postgresql .
docker build -t frodenas/postgresql:9.6 .

Run the image

To run the image and bind to host port 5432:

docker run -d --name postgresql -p 5432:5432 frodenas/postgresql

The first time you run your container, a new user pgadmin with all privileges will be created with a random password.
To get the password, check the logs of the container by running:

docker logs postgresql

You will see an output like the following:

========================================================================
PostgreSQL User: "pgadmin"
PostgreSQL Password: "WH7fwqY7bJCEMYKC"
========================================================================

Credentials

If you want to preset credentials instead of a random generated ones, you can set the following environment
variables:

  • POSTGRES_USERNAME to set a specific username
  • POSTGRES_PASSWORD to set a specific password

On this example we will preset our custom username and password:

$ docker run -d \
    --name postgresql \
    -p 5432:5432 \
    -e POSTGRES_USERNAME=myuser \
    -e POSTGRES_PASSWORD=mypassword \
    frodenas/postgresql

Databases

If you want to create a database at container's boot time, you can set the following environment variables:

  • POSTGRES_DBNAME to create a database
  • POSTGRES_EXTENSIONS to create extensions for the above database (only takes effect is a database is specified)

On this example we will preset our custom username and password and we will create a database with a extension:

$ docker run -d \
    --name postgresql \
    -p 5432:5432 \
    -e POSTGRES_USERNAME=myuser \
    -e POSTGRES_PASSWORD=mypassword \
    -e POSTGRES_DBNAME=mydb \
    -e POSTGRES_EXTENSIONS=citext \
    frodenas/postgresql

Persist database data

The PostgreSQL server is configured to store data in the /data directory inside the container. You can map the
container's /data volume to a volume on the host so the data becomes independent of the running container:

$ mkdir -p /tmp/postgresql
$ docker run -d \
    --name postgresql \
    -p 5432:5432 \
    -v /tmp/postgresql:/data \
    frodenas/postgresql

Use image to test PostgreSQL

This image includes sanity-test command that can interact with a PostgreSQL service (for example, another running container of this image).

$ docker run --entrypoint '' \
  -e credentials='{"uri":"postgres://user:pass@host:port/dbname"}' \
  frodenas/postgresql sanity-test

You can also easily use sanity-test command to self-test a running container (note POSTGRES_DBNAME=name is required):

docker run -d --name postgresql -p 5432:5432 -e POSTGRES_DBNAME=postgres frodenas/postgresql:9.6 && \
  docker exec -ti postgresql sanity-test

The output will finish with:

No $credentials provided, entering self-test mode.
Sanity testing PostgreSQL with {"hosthame":"localhost","host":"localhost","port":5432,"username":"pgadmin","password":"vD4RhsyRKq9GfAhJ","dbname":"postgres","uri":"postgres://pgadmin:vD4RhsyRKq9GfAhJ@localhost:5432/postgres"}
Waiting for postgres://pgadmin:vD4RhsyRKq9GfAhJ@localhost:5432/postgres to be ready (max 60s)
localhost:5432 - accepting connections
Postgres is ready
localhost:5432 - accepting connections
+ psql postgres://pgadmin:vD4RhsyRKq9GfAhJ@localhost:5432/postgres -c 'DROP TABLE IF EXISTS sanitytest;'
NOTICE:  table "sanitytest" does not exist, skipping
DROP TABLE
+ psql postgres://pgadmin:vD4RhsyRKq9GfAhJ@localhost:5432/postgres -c 'CREATE TABLE sanitytest(value text);'
CREATE TABLE
+ psql postgres://pgadmin:vD4RhsyRKq9GfAhJ@localhost:5432/postgres -c 'INSERT INTO sanitytest VALUES ('\''storage-test'\'');'
INSERT 0 1
+ psql postgres://pgadmin:vD4RhsyRKq9GfAhJ@localhost:5432/postgres -c 'SELECT value FROM sanitytest;'
+ grep storage-test
 storage-test

Deploy the image with BOSH

If you have BOSH, with cloud config, you can deploy the image backed by a persistent disk volume managed by BOSH:

export BOSH_DEPLOYMENT=postgresql
bosh2 deploy bosh-postgresql.yml --vars-store creds.yml

To get the randomly generated PostgreSQL username, password and database name:

bosh2 int creds.yml --path /postgresql-username
bosh2 int creds.yml --path /postgresql-password
bosh2 int creds.yml --path /postgresql-dbname

Copyright

Copyright (c) 2014 Ferran Rodenas. See LICENSE for details.

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Owner
frodenas
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