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Quine Relay

What this is

This is a Ruby program that generates
Scala program that generates
Scheme program that generates
...(through 100 languages in total)...
REXX program that generates
the original Ruby code again.

(If you want to see the old 50-language version, see 50 branch.)

Usage

Ubuntu

1. Install all interpreters/compilers.

If you are using Ubuntu 14.10 "Utopic Unicorn", you can perform the following steps:

First, you have to type the following apt-get command to install all of them.

$ sudo apt-get install afnix algol68g aplus-fsf asymptote \
  ats-lang-anairiats bash bc bf boo bsdgames cduce clisp clojure1.4 \
  cmake coffeescript dc ecere-sdk emacs23 erlang f2c falconpl \
  fp-compiler fsharp g++ gambas3-script gap gauche gawk gcc gdc genius \
  gforth gfortran ghc ghostscript gnat gnu-smalltalk gnuplot gobjc \
  golang gpt gri groff groovy haxe icont iconx intercal iverilog \
  jasmin-sable julia kaya libgd2-xpm-dev libpng12-dev lisaac llvm lua5.2 \
  make maxima mlton mono-devel mono-mcs mono-vbnc nasm neko nickle ocaml \
  octave open-cobol openjdk-6-jdk pari-gp parrot perl php5-cli pike7.8 \
  python r-base ratfor regina-rexx rhino ruby2.0 scala scilab slsh \
  spl-core swi-prolog tcl ucblogo valac xsltproc yorick zoem

Then, you have to build the bundled interpreters.

$ make -C vendor

To run it on Ubuntu 12.04 LTS, you might want to refer to .travis.yml.

2. Run each program on each interpreter/compiler.

$ ruby QR.rb > QR.scala
$ scalac QR.scala && scala QR > QR.scm
$ gosh QR.scm > QR.sci
$ scilab -nw -nb -f QR.sci > QR.bash
$ bash QR.bash > QR.sl
$ slsh QR.sl > QR.st
$ gst QR.st > QR.spl
$ splrun QR.spl > QR.sml
$ mlton @MLton fixed-heap 200M -- QR.sml && ./QR > QR.sq
$ ruby vendor/subleq.rb QR.sq > QR.tcl
$ tclsh QR.tcl > QR.t
$ ruby vendor/thue.rb QR.t > QR.unl
$ ruby vendor/unlambda.rb QR.unl > QR.vala
$ valac QR.vala && ./QR > QR.v
$ iverilog -o QR QR.v && ./QR -vcd-none > QR.vb
$ vbnc QR.vb && mono ./QR.exe > QR.ws
$ ruby vendor/whitespace.rb QR.ws > QR.xslt
$ xsltproc QR.xslt > QR.yorick
$ yorick -batch QR.yorick > QR.azm
$ zoem -i QR.azm > QR.+
$ a+ QR.+ > qr.adb
$ gnatmake qr.adb && ./qr > QR.als
$ axi QR.als > QR.a68
$ a68g QR.a68 > QR.ante
$ ruby vendor/ante.rb QR.ante > QR.asy
$ asy QR.asy > QR.dats
$ atscc -o QR QR.dats && ./QR > QR.awk
$ awk -f QR.awk > QR.bc
$ BC_LINE_LENGTH=4000000 bc -q QR.bc > QR.bef
$ cfunge QR.bef > QR.Blc
$ ruby vendor/blc.rb < QR.Blc > QR.boo
$ booi QR.boo > QR.bf
$ bf QR.bf > QR.c
$ gcc -o QR QR.c && ./QR > QR.cpp
$ g++ -o QR QR.cpp && ./QR > QR.cs
$ mcs QR.cs && mono QR.exe > QR.cd
$ cduce QR.cd > QR.chef
$ PERL5LIB=vendor/local/lib/perl5 compilechef QR.chef QR.chef.pl &&
  perl QR.chef.pl > QR.clj
$ clojure QR.clj > QR.cob
$ cobc -O2 -x QR.cob && ./QR > QR.coffee
$ coffee QR.coffee > QR.lisp
$ clisp QR.lisp > QR.d
$ gdc -o QR QR.d && ./QR > QR.dc
$ dc QR.dc > QR.ec
$ ecp -c QR.ec -o QR.sym && ecc -c QR.ec -o QR.c && ecs -console QR.sym QR.imp -o QR.main.ec &&
  ecp -c QR.main.ec -o QR.main.sym && ecc -c QR.main.ec -o QR.main.c &&
  gcc -o QR QR.c QR.main.c -lecereCOM && ./QR > QR.el
$ emacs -Q --script QR.el > QR.erl
$ escript QR.erl > QR.fsx
$ fsharpc QR.fsx -o QR.exe && mono QR.exe > QR.fal
$ falcon QR.fal > QR.false
$ ruby vendor/false.rb QR.false > QR.fs
$ gforth QR.fs > QR.f
$ f2c QR.f && gcc -o QR QR.c -L/usr/lib -lf2c -lm && ./QR > QR.f90
$ gfortran -o QR QR.f90 && ./QR > QR.gbs
$ gbs3 QR.gbs > QR.g
$ gap -q QR.g > QR.gel
$ genius QR.gel > QR.plt
$ gnuplot QR.plt > QR.go
$ go run QR.go > QR.gpt
$ gpt -o QR QR.gpt && ./QR > QR.gri
$ gri QR.gri > QR.groovy
$ groovy QR.groovy > QR.hs
$ ghc QR.hs && ./QR > QR.hx
$ haxe -main QR -neko QR.n && neko QR.n > QR.icn
$ icont -s QR.icn && ./QR > QR.i
$ ick -bfO QR.i && ./QR > QR.j
$ jasmin QR.j && java QR > QR.java
$ javac QR.java && java QR > QR.js
$ rhino QR.js > QR.jl
$ julia QR.jl > QR.k
$ kayac QR.k && ./QR > QR.lazy
$ lazyk QR.lazy > qr.li
$ lisaac qr.li && ./qr > QR.ll
$ llvm-as QR.ll && lli QR.bc > QR.logo
$ logo QR.logo > QR.lol
$ lci QR.lol > QR.lua
$ lua QR.lua > QR.mk
$ make -f QR.mk > QR.mac
$ maxima -q --init-mac=QR.mac > QR.il
$ ilasm QR.il && mono QR.exe > QR.asm
$ nasm -felf QR.asm && ld -m elf_i386 -o QR QR.o && ./QR > QR.neko
$ nekoc QR.neko && neko QR.n > QR.5c
$ nickle QR.5c > QR.m
$ gcc -o QR QR.m && ./QR > QR.ml
$ ocaml QR.ml > QR.octave
$ octave -qf QR.octave > QR.ook
$ ruby vendor/ook-to-bf.rb QR.ook QR.ook.bf && bf QR.ook.bf > QR.gp
$ gp -f -q QR.gp > QR.pasm
$ parrot QR.pasm > QR.pas
$ fpc QR.pas && ./QR > QR.pl
$ perl QR.pl > QR.php
$ php QR.php > QR.png
$ npiet QR.png > QR.pike
$ pike QR.pike > QR.ps
$ gs -dNODISPLAY -q QR.ps > QR.ppt
$ ppt -d < QR.ppt > QR.prolog
$ swipl -q -t qr -f QR.prolog > QR.py
$ python QR.py > QR.R
$ R --slave -f QR.R > QR.r
$ ratfor -o QR.r.f QR.r && gfortran -o QR QR.r.f && ./QR > QR.rexx
$ rexx ./QR.rexx > QR2.rb

You will see that QR.rb is the same as QR2.rb.

$ diff QR.rb QR2.rb

Alternatively, just type make.

$ make

Note: It may require huge memory to compile some files.

Arch Linux

Just install quine-relay-git from AUR and run quine-relay.
Report any problems as comments to the AUR package or to the respective packages, if one of the many compilers should have issues.

Other platforms

You may find instructions for other platforms in the wiki.

If you are not using these Linux distributions, please find your way yourself.
If you could do it, please let me know. Good luck.

Tested interpreter/compiler versions

I used the following Ubuntu deb packages to test this program.

# language ubuntu package version
1 Ruby ruby2.0 2.0.0.484+really457-3ubuntu1.2
2 Scala scala 2.9.2+dfsg-2
3 Scheme gauche 0.9.3.3-8ubuntu1
4 Scilab scilab 5.5.0-3ubuntu2
5 Shell (bash) bash 4.3-11ubuntu1
6 S-Lang slsh 2.2.4-17ubuntu1
7 Smalltalk gnu-smalltalk 3.2.4-2.1
8 SPL spl-core 1.0~pre6-4ubuntu1
9 Standard ML mlton 20100608-5.1
10 Subleq N/A -
11 Tcl tcl 8.6.0+6ubuntu3
12 Thue N/A -
13 Unlambda N/A -
14 Vala valac 0.24.0-6
15 Verilog iverilog 0.9.7-1
16 Visual Basic mono-vbnc 3.0~pre20130627.4dcc70f-1
17 Whitespace N/A -
18 XSLT xsltproc 1.1.28-2build1
19 Yorick yorick 2.2.03+dfsg-3ubuntu1
20 Zoem zoem 11-166-1ubuntu1
21 A+ aplus-fsf 4.22.1-6
22 Ada gnat 4.9ubuntu1
23 AFNIX afnix 2.2.0-2ubuntu1
24 ALGOL68 algol68g 2.4.1-1
25 Ante N/A -
26 Asymptote asymptote 2.15-2build2
27 ATS ats-lang-anairiats 0.2.11-1
28 Awk gawk 1:4.1.1+dfsg-1
29 bc bc 1.06.95-9
30 Befunge N/A -
31 BLC8 N/A -
32 Boo boo 0.9.5~git20110729.r1.202a430-2
33 Brainfuck bf 20041219ubuntu5
34 C gcc 4:4.9.1-4ubuntu2
35 C++ g++ 4:4.9.1-4ubuntu2
36 C# mono-mcs 3.2.8+dfsg-4ubuntu2
37 CDuce cduce 0.6.0-1
38 Chef N/A -
39 Clojure clojure1.4 1.4.0+dfsg-3
40 Cobol open-cobol 1.1-1build1
41 CoffeeScript coffeescript 1.4.0-1
42 Common Lisp clisp 1:2.49-9ubuntu1
43 D gdc 4.9.1-4ubuntu2
44 dc dc 1.06.95-9
45 eC ecere-sdk 0.44.10-0ubuntu1
46 Emacs Lisp emacs23 23.4+1-4.1ubuntu1
47 Erlang erlang 1:17.1-dfsg-4ubuntu2
48 F# fsharp 3.0.34+dfsg-5
49 Falcon falconpl 0.9.6.9-git20120606-2.1
50 FALSE N/A -
51 Forth gforth 0.7.2+dfsg1-1
52 FORTRAN77 f2c 20100827-1
53 Fortran90 gfortran 4:4.9.1-4ubuntu2
54 Gambas script gambas3-script 3.5.4-2ubuntu1
55 GAP gap 4r7p5-1
56 GEL (Genius) genius 1.0.17-1
57 Gnuplot gnuplot 4.6.5-10
58 Go golang 2:1.2.1-2ubuntu1
59 G-Portugol gpt 1.1-2ubuntu1
60 Gri gri 2.12.23-8
61 Groovy groovy 2.0.0~beta2+isreally1.8.6-4ubuntu1
62 Haskell ghc 7.6.3-19
63 Haxe haxe 1:3.0.0~svn6707-4
64 Icon icont 9.4.3-4.2ubuntu1
iconx 9.4.3-4.2ubuntu1
65 INTERCAL intercal 29:0.29-3
66 Jasmin jasmin-sable 2.4.0-4
67 Java openjdk-6-jdk 6b34-1.13.6-1ubuntu0.14.10.1
68 JavaScript rhino 1.7R4-3
69 Julia julia 0.2.1+dfsg-3
70 Kaya kaya 0.4.4-6.2
71 Lazy K N/A -
72 Lisaac lisaac 1:0.39~rc1-1
73 LLVM asm llvm 1:3.5-23ubuntu1
74 Logo ucblogo 5.5-2.1
75 LOLCODE N/A -
76 Lua lua5.2 5.2.3-1
77 Makefile make 4.0-8
78 Maxima maxima 5.33.0-14
79 MSIL mono-devel 3.2.8+dfsg-4ubuntu2
80 NASM nasm 2.11-1
81 Neko neko 2.0.0-3
82 Nickle nickle 2.77-1
83 Objective-C gobjc 4:4.9.1-4ubuntu2
84 OCaml ocaml 4.01.0-4ubuntu1
85 Octave octave 3.8.1-1ubuntu1
86 Ook! N/A -
87 PARI/GP pari-gp 2.7.1-1
88 Parrot asm parrot 6.3.0-1
89 Pascal fp-compiler 2.6.4+dfsg-3
90 Perl perl 5.20.1-1
91 PHP php5-cli 5.5.12+dfsg-2ubuntu4.2
92 Piet N/A -
93 Pike pike7.8 7.8.866-3
94 PostScript ghostscript 9.14~dfsg-0ubuntu3
95 PPT (Punched tape) bsdgames 2.17-22
96 Prolog swi-prolog 6.6.4-2ubuntu1
97 Python python 2.7.8-1
98 R r-base 3.1.1-1
99 Ratfor ratfor 1.0-15
100 REXX regina-rexx 3.6-2

Note that some languages are not available in Ubuntu (marked as N/A).
This repository includes their implementations in vendor/.
See also vendor/README in detail.

Frequently asked questions

Q. Why?

A. Take your pick.

Q. How?

A. TBD

Q. Language XXX is missing!

A. See the criteria for language inclusion in detail.

In short: please create a deb package and contribute it to Ubuntu.

Q. Does it really work?

A.

Q. The code does not fit into my display!

A. Here you go.

Q. How was the code generated?

A.

$ sudo apt-get install rake ruby-cairo ruby-rsvg2 ruby-gdk-pixbuf2 \
  optipng advancecomp ruby-chunky-png
$ cd src
$ rake2.0 clobber
$ rake2.0

License

The MIT License applies to all resources
except the files in the vendor/ directory.

The files in the vendor/ directory are from third-parties
and are distributed under different licenses.
See vendor/README in detail.


The MIT License (MIT)

Copyright (c) 2013, 2014 Yusuke Endoh (@mametter), @hirekoke

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining
a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the
"Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including
without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish,
distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to
permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to
the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be
included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND,
EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND
NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE
LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION
OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION
WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

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