Public | Automated Build

Last pushed: 2 months ago
Short Description
Highly configurable PostgreSQL container.
Full Description

Docker Container for PostgreSQL 9.6

This is a highly configurable container for PostgreSQL 9.6.
It allows for basic initial user/pass and schema configuration via ENV variables.

Extensions

This container is preloaded with the following extensions.

Usage

To run with default settings

docker run -P --name postgres jamesbrink/postgres

To run with customized settings

docker run -P --name postgres -e USER=foo -e PASSWORD=bar -e DATABASE=foo -e ENCODING=UTF8 jamesbrink/postgres

This will create a new container with the username and schema of foo encoded in UTF-8 and a password of bar

To add PostGIS support to the database pass the environment variable POSTGIS=true.

docker run -P --name postgresql -e USER=foo -e PASSWORD=bar -e DATABASE=foo -e ENCODING=UTF8 -e POSTGIS=true jamesbrink/postgresql

Here is an example of the run. Take note of the user/pass and schema when you start the container as it will not be shown again. Of course you can change these settings and add additional users and schemas at any point.

james@ubuntu:~$ docker run -P --name postgres jamesbrink/postgresql
Waiting for PostgreSQL to start
2014-04-21 20:36:42 UTC LOG:  database system was shut down at 2014-04-21 04:34:43 UTC
2014-04-21 20:36:42 UTC LOG:  autovacuum launcher started
2014-04-21 20:36:42 UTC LOG:  database system is ready to accept connections
Below are your configured options.
================
USER: postgres
PASSWORD: postgres
DATABASE: public
POSTGIS: false
================
ALTER ROLE

Container Linking

Here are some examples of linking containers to postgresql

First we create a container, here I am using a random password generated from openssl

james@ubuntu:~$ docker run -P --name postgres -e PASSWORD=`openssl rand -hex 10` -e USER=james -e DATABASE=test jamesbrink/postgresql
Waiting for PostgreSQL to start
Below are your configured options.
================
USER: james
PASSWORD: 5387fc737962925e2c70
DATABASE: test
POSTGIS: false
ENCODING: SQL_ASCII
================
2014-04-21 21:07:24 UTC LOG:  database system was shut down at 2014-04-21 04:34:43 UTC
2014-04-21 21:07:24 UTC LOG:  autovacuum launcher started
2014-04-21 21:07:24 UTC LOG:  database system is ready to accept connections
CREATE USER

With the postgres container up and running, lets create a new container and link it with an alias of db.

james@ubuntu:~$ docker run -i -t --link postgres:db ubuntu /bin/bash

Now from inside the container ensure you have a postgresql client installed.

root@47b16d7d1e13:/# apt-get install postgresql-client

You can now connect to the database in a variety of ways. lets first inspect the environment. The variables of interest here are all prefixed with DB_

root@47b16d7d1e13:/# env
HOSTNAME=47b16d7d1e13
DB_NAME=/cocky_babbage/db
TERM=xterm
DB_PORT_5432_TCP_ADDR=172.17.0.2
DB_ENV_DATABASE=test
DB_PORT=tcp://172.17.0.2:5432
DB_PORT_5432_TCP=tcp://172.17.0.2:5432
PATH=/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin
PWD=/
DB_ENV_PASSWORD=5387fc737962925e2c70
DB_PORT_5432_TCP_PORT=5432
SHLVL=1
HOME=/
DB_ENV_USER=james
DB_PORT_5432_TCP_PROTO=tcp
_=/usr/bin/env

Connect manually.

root@47b16d7d1e13:/# psql -h 172.17.0.2 -U james test
Password for user james: 
psql (9.1.13, server 9.3.4)
WARNING: psql version 9.1, server version 9.3.
     Some psql features might not work.
SSL connection (cipher: DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA, bits: 256)
Type "help" for help.
test=# 

Connect using ENV variables.

root@47b16d7d1e13:/# PGPASSWORD=$DB_ENV_PASSWORD psql -h $DB_PORT_5432_TCP_ADDR -U $DB_ENV_USER $DB_ENV_DATABASE
psql (9.1.13, server 9.3.4)
WARNING: psql version 9.1, server version 9.3.
     Some psql features might not work.
SSL connection (cipher: DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA, bits: 256)
Type "help" for help.
test=# 

Create an application friendly URI.

root@47b16d7d1e13:/# export DB_URI=postgres://$DB_ENV_USER:$DB_ENV_PASSWORD@$DB_PORT_5432_TCP_ADDR:$DB_PORT_5432_TCP_PORT/$DB_ENV_DATABASE
root@47b16d7d1e13:/# echo $DB_URI
postgres://james:5387fc737962925e2c70@172.17.0.2:5432/test

Data Volumes

The following directories are setup as volumes and can be accessed from other containers.

  • /etc/postgresql
  • /var/lib/postgresql
  • /var/log/postgresql

Example of connecting the volumes to a container.

james@ubuntu:~$ docker run --volumes-from postgres -i -t ubuntu bash
root@6c3e9e61530f:/# mount |grep postgresql
/dev/disk/by-uuid/cb08824e-c579-4fbc-8fea-668fafa212cc on /etc/postgresql type ext4 (rw,relatime,errors=remount-ro,data=ordered)
/dev/disk/by-uuid/cb08824e-c579-4fbc-8fea-668fafa212cc on /var/lib/postgresql type ext4 (rw,relatime,errors=remount-ro,data=ordered)
/dev/disk/by-uuid/cb08824e-c579-4fbc-8fea-668fafa212cc on /var/log/postgresql type ext4 (rw,relatime,errors=remount-ro,data=ordered)

Environment Variables

This is a list of the available environment variables which can be set at runtime using -e KEY=value.
For example, to change the default password you can issue docker run -P --name postgresql -e PASSWORD=mysecretpassword jamesbrink/postgresql

  • USER: A superuser role. default: postgres
  • PASSWORD: The password for the user. default: postgres
  • DATABASE: Name of the database to create. default: postgres
  • SCHEMA: Name of the schema to create. default: public
  • ENCODING: Encoding of the schema we are about to create. default: SQL_ASCII
  • LOCALE: locale setting. default: en_US.UTF-8
  • POSTGIS: Enable PostGIS extensions on the schema.

Backups

Be sure to run regular backups of any production databases. This can be handled in many different ways and I will not go into details here about how you should handle your backups. For additional information on backing up databases refer to the PostgreSQL 9.6 Documentation on Backups

Docker Pull Command
Owner
jamesbrink
Source Repository

Comments (1)
stevenpollack
a year ago

what's the difference between this and your postgresql container?