Docker container for MakeMKV
This is a Docker container for MakeMKV.
The GUI of the application is accessed through a modern web browser (no installation or configuration needed on client side) or via any VNC client.
A fully automated mode is also available: insert a DVD or Blu-ray disc into an optical drive and let MakeMKV rips it without any user interaction.
MakeMKV is your one-click solution to convert video that you own into free and
patents-unencumbered format that can be played everywhere. MakeMKV is a format
converter, otherwise called "transcoder". It converts the video clips from
proprietary (and usually encrypted) disc into a set of MKV files, preserving
most information but not changing it in any way. The MKV format can store
multiple video/audio tracks with all meta-information and preserve chapters.
Launch the MakeMKV docker container with the following command:
docker run -d \ --name=makemkv \ -p 5800:5800 \ -p 5900:5900 \ -v /docker/appdata/makemkv:/config:rw \ -v $HOME:/storage:ro \ -v $HOME/MakeMKV/output:/output:rw \ --device /dev/sr0 \ jlesage/makemkv
/docker/appdata/makemkv: This is where the application stores its configuration, log and any files needing persistency.
$HOME: This location contains files from your host that need to be accessible by the application.
$HOME/MakeMKV/output: This is where extracted videos are written.
/dev/sr0: This is the optical drive.
http://your-host-ip:5800 to access the MakeMKV GUI. Files from
the host appear under the
/storage folder in the container.
docker run [-d] \ --name=makemkv \ [-e <VARIABLE_NAME>=<VALUE>]... \ [-v <HOST_DIR>:<CONTAINER_DIR>[:PERMISSIONS]]... \ [-p <HOST_PORT>:<CONTAINER_PORT>]... \ jlesage/makemkv
|-d||Run the container in background. If not set, the container runs in foreground.|
|-e||Pass an environment variable to the container. See the Environment Variables section for more details.|
|-v||Set a volume mapping (allows to share a folder/file between the host and the container). See the Data Volumes section for more details.|
|-p||Set a network port mapping (exposes an internal container port to the host). See the Ports section for more details.|
To customize some properties of the container, the following environment
variables can be passed via the
-e parameter (one for each variable). Value
of this parameter has the format
||ID of the user the application runs as. See User/Group IDs to better understand when this should be set.||
||ID of the group the application runs as. See User/Group IDs to better understand when this should be set.||
||Comma-separated list of supplementary group IDs of the application.||(unset)|
||Mask that controls how file permissions are set for newly created files. The value of the mask is in octal notation. By default, this variable is not set and the default umask of
||TimeZone of the container. Timezone can also be set by mapping
||When set to
||Priority at which the application should run. A niceness value of -20 is the highest priority and 19 is the lowest priority. By default, niceness is not set, meaning that the default niceness of 0 is used. NOTE: A negative niceness (priority increase) requires additional permissions. In this case, the container should be run with the docker option
||When set to
||Width (in pixels) of the application's window.||
||Height (in pixels) of the application's window.||
||When set to
||Password needed to connect to the application's GUI. See the VNC Password section for more details.||(unset)|
||Extra options to pass to the x11vnc server running in the Docker container. WARNING: For advanced users. Do not use unless you know what you are doing.||(unset)|
||MakeMKV registration key to use. The key is written to the configuration file during container startup. When set to
||When set to
||When set to
||Interval, in seconds, the automatic disc ripper checks for the presence of a DVD/Blu-ray discs.||
||Titles with a length less than this value are ignored. Length is in seconds. By default, no value is set, meaning that value from MakeMKV's configuration file is taken.||(unset)|
||Rip mode of Blu-ray discs.
The following table describes data volumes used by the container. The mappings
are set via the
-v parameter. Each mapping is specified with the following
||rw||This is where the application stores its configuration, log and any files needing persistency.|
||ro||This location contains files from your host that need to be accessible by the application.|
||rw||This is where extracted videos are written.|
Here is the list of ports used by the container. They can be mapped to the host
-p parameter (one per port mapping). Each mapping is defined in the
<HOST_PORT>:<CONTAINER_PORT>. The port number inside the
container cannot be changed, but you are free to use any port on the host side.
|Port||Mapping to host||Description|
|5800||Mandatory||Port used to access the application's GUI via the web interface.|
|5900||Optional||Port used to access the application's GUI via the VNC protocol. Optional if no VNC client is used.|
|51000||Optional||Port used by the streaming service.|
When using data volumes (
-v flags), permissions issues can occur between the
host and the container. For example, the user within the container may not
exists on the host. This could prevent the host from properly accessing files
and folders on the shared volume.
To avoid any problem, you can specify the user the application should run as.
This is done by passing the user ID and group ID to the container via the
GROUP_ID environment variables.
To find the right IDs to use, issue the following command on the host, with the
user owning the data volume on the host:
Which gives an output like this one:
uid=1000(myuser) gid=1000(myuser) groups=1000(myuser),4(adm),24(cdrom),27(sudo),46(plugdev),113(lpadmin)
The value of
uid (user ID) and
gid (group ID) are the ones that you should
be given the container.
Accessing the GUI
Assuming that container's ports are mapped to the same host's ports, the
graphical interface of the application can be accessed via:
A web browser:
http://<HOST IP ADDR>:5800
Any VNC client:
<HOST IP ADDR>:5900
By default, access to the application's GUI is done over an unencrypted
connection (HTTP or VNC).
Secure connection can be enabled via the
variable. See the Environment Variables section for
more details on how to set an environment variable.
When enabled, application's GUI is performed over an HTTPs connection when
accessed with a browser. All HTTP accesses are automatically redirected to
When using a VNC client, the VNC connection is performed over SSL. Note that
few VNC clients support this method. [SSVNC] is one of them.
Here are the certificate files needed by the container. By default, when they
are missing, self-signed certificates are generated and used. All files have
PEM encoded, x509 certificates.
||VNC connection encryption.||VNC server's private key and certificate, bundled with any root and intermediate certificates.|
||HTTPs connection encryption.||Web server's private key.|
||HTTPs connection encryption.||Web server's certificate, bundled with any root and intermediate certificates.|
NOTE: To prevent any certificate validity warnings/errors from the browser
or VNC client, make sure to supply your own valid certificates.
NOTE: Certificate files are monitored and relevant daemons are automatically
restarted when changes are detected.
To restrict access to your application, a password can be specified. This can
be done via two methods:
- By using the
- By creating a
.vncpass_clearfile at the root of the
This file should contains the password in clear-text. During the container
startup, content of the file is obfuscated and moved to
The level of security provided by the VNC password depends on two things:
- The type of communication channel (encrypted/unencrypted).
- How secure access to the host is.
When using a VNC password, it is highly desirable to enable the secure
connection to prevent sending the password in clear over an unencrypted channel.
Access to Optical Drive(s)
By default, a Docker container doesn't have access to host's devices. However,
access to one or more device can be granted with the
--device DEV parameter.
Optical drives usually have
/dev/srX as device. For example, the first drive
/dev/sr0, the second
/dev/sr1, and so on. To allow MakeMKV to access
the first drive, this parameter is needed:
Automatic Disc Ripper
This container has an automatic disc ripper built-in. When enabled, any DVD or
Blu-ray video disc inserted into an optical drive is automatically ripped. In
other words, MakeMKV decrypts and extracts all titles (such as the main movie,
bonus features, etc) from the disc to MKV files.
To enable the automatic disc ripper, set the environment variable
To eject the disc from the drive when ripping is terminated, set the environment
See the Environment Variables section for details
about setting environment variables.
NOTE: All titles, audio tracks, chapters, subtitles, etc are
NOTE: Titles and audio tracks are kept in their original format. They are
not transcoded or converted to other formats or into smaller sizes.
MOTE: Ripped Blu-ray discs can take a large amount of disc space (~40GB).
NOTE: MKV Files are written to the
/output folder of the container.
NOTE: The automatic disc ripper processes all available optical drives.
Expired Beta Key
If the beta key is expired, just restart the container to automatically fetch
and install the latest one.
NOTE: For this solution to work, the
MAKEMKV_KEY environment variable must
be set to
BETA. See the Environment Variables
section for more details.
Support or Contact
Having troubles with the container or have questions? Please
create a new issue.