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Last pushed: 4 days ago
Short Description
🐳 Official Docker Image for PM2 runtime
Full Description


Production ready nodeJS Docker image including the PM2 runtime.

The goal of this image is to wrap your applications into a proper Node.js production environment. It solves major issues when running Node.js applications inside a container like:

  • Correct PID 1 signals Handling & Forwarding
  • Graceful application Start and Shutdown
  • Seamless application clustering to increase performance and reliability

Further than that, using PM2 as a layer between the container and the application brings PM2 features like application declaration file, customizable log system, source map support and other great features to manage your Node.js application in production environment.

Tags available:

  • keymetrics/pm2:latest with node:alpine
  • keymetrics/pm2:8 with node:8-alpine
  • keymetrics/pm2:7 with node:7-alpine
  • keymetrics/pm2:6 with node:6-alpine
  • keymetrics/pm2:4 with node:4-alpine
  • keymetrics/pm2:next with node:alpine and pm2@next

These images are automatically built from the Docker Hub based on this Github repository folder arrangement.


Let's assume the following folder structure for your project.

`-- your-app-name/
    |-- src/
        `-- app.js
    |-- package.json
    |-- pm2.json     (we will create this in the following steps)
    `-- Dockerfile   (we will create this in the following steps)

Create a pm2 ecosystem file

Create a new file called pm2.json with the following content:

  "apps": [{
    "name": "your-app-name",
    "script": "src/app.js",
    "env": {
      "production": true

You can choose the name of the ecosystem file arbitrarly, but we will assume you called it pm2.json in the following steps.

See the documentation for more information about how to configure the ecosystem file.

Create a Dockerfile file

Create a new file called Dockerfile with the following content:

FROM keymetrics/pm2:latest

# Bundle APP files
COPY src src/
COPY package.json .
COPY pm2.json .

# Install app dependencies
RUN npm install --production

# Show current folder structure in logs
RUN ls -al -R

CMD [ "pm2-docker", "start", "pm2.json" ]

See the documentation for more info about the pm2-docker command.
<br>All options available are listed here.

Build and Run your image

From your Node.js app project folder launch those commands:

$ docker build -t your-app-name .
$ docker run your-app-name

Custom configurations

Enable Git auto-pull

If you want to Automatically synchronize your application with git add this into your Dockerfile:

RUN pm2 install pm2-auto-pull

Make sure the .git is present in your application source folder.

Logging Format option

If you want to change the log output format you can select one of this options:

  • --json to output logs in JSON
  • --format to output logs in key=val style
  • --raw to display logs in raw format

To use one of this flag, you just need to pass them to pm2-docker:

CMD ["pm2-docker", "start", "--json", "pm2.json"]

See the documentation for all available configuration.

Use is a monitoring service built on top of PM2 that allows to monitor and manage applications easily (logs, restart, exceptions monitoring, etc...). Once you created a Bucket on Keymetrics you will get a public and a secret key.

To enable Keymetrics monitoring with pm2-docker, you can whether use the CLI option –public XXX and –secret YYY or you can pass the environment variables KEYMETRICS_PUBLIC and KEYMETRICS_SECRET.

Example with the CLI options via a Dockerfile:

CMD ["pm2-docker", "start", "--public", "XXX", "--secret", "YYY", "pm2.json"]

Or via environment variables:


Enabling Graceful Shutdown

When the Container receives a shutdown signal, PM2 forwards this signal to your application allowing to close all the database connections, wait that all queries have been processed or that any other final processing has been completed before a successfull graceful shutdown.

Catching a shutdown signal is straightforward. You need to add a listener in your Node.js applications and execute anything needed before stopping the app:

process.on('SIGINT', function() {
  db.stop(function(err) {
    process.exit(err ? 1 : 0);

By default PM2 will wait 1600ms before sending a final SIGKILL signal. You can modify this delay by setting the kill_timeout option inside your application configuration file.

Expose health endpoint

The --web [port] option allows to expose all vital signs (docker instance + application) via a JSON API.

CMD ["pm2-docker", "start", "pm2.json", "--web"]


CMD ["pm2-docker", "start", "pm2.json", "--web", "port"]

Useful commands

Command Description
$ docker exec -it <container-id> pm2 monit Monitoring CPU/Usage of each process
$ docker exec -it <container-id> pm2 list Listing managed processes
$ docker exec -it <container-id> pm2 show Get more information about a process
$ docker exec -it <container-id> pm2 reload all 0sec downtime reload all applications


The documentation can be found here.


See also the list of contributors who participated in this project.


This project is licensed under the MIT License - see the LICENSE file for details.

License information for
the software contained in this image can be found here (pm2) and here (node).

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