Ubuntu 15.10 base with extra useful command line development and math tools installed. Note this image is large, not a single lightweight application, and probably is not the normal intended use of Docker. That being said if you want a quick up to date (as of this writing 20160114) development environment, have the space and bandwidth, and want many of the tools below without having to wait for apt to download and install them all then this image may be for you!
Drop to a bash shell and have fun with:
docker run -it ljward10/ubuntu-with-dev-and-math-extras bash
Ran apt-get update & upgrade as of 20160114
Has dev tools: