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Trusted cross build

The author is a jury member, this project is out of the hackathon

Cross compilation image tools for Docker trusted build (POC)

The goal was to mimic the binfmt-support of the Kernel in a Dockerfile

Context

Docker images are built for one architecture

# Local architecture is x86_64
root@fwrz:~# uname -m
x86_64
# We can run x86_64 docker images
root@fwrz:~# docker run -it --rm busybox uname -m
x86_64
# But we cannot run armhf docker images
root@fwrz:~# docker run -it --rm armbuild/busybox uname -m
exec format error2014/12/14 20:57:21 Error response from daemon: Cannot start container 37073f0bd91ff94ce670114e9cb2eeef69ee830452ea9712f3c0e2365ec4c0a7: exec format error

By using qemu, we can run binaries built for other architectures

# We Mount bind the local qemu-arm-static binary and setup the entrypoint, we can now run the armhf image
root@fwrz:~# apt-get install -y qemu-user-static
root@fwrz:~# docker run -it --rm -v $(which qemu-arm-static):/usr/bin/qemu-arm-static --rm armbuild/busybox /usr/bin/qemu-arm-static /bin/uname -m
armv7l

Problem, volumes and custom entrypoints only works for docker run, but not for docker build.

root@fwrz:~# cat <<EOF | docker build -t test -
> FROM armbuild/busybox
> RUN uname -m
> EOF
Sending build context to Docker daemon 2.048 kB
Sending build context to Docker daemon
Step 0 : FROM armbuild/busybox
---> d91e5575e4cc
Step 1 : RUN uname -m
---> Running in f621d609c524
exec format error2014/12/14 21:05:20 exec format error

binfmt-support = <3

root@fwrz:~# apt-get install binfmt-support
root@fwrz:~# echo ':arm:M::\x7fELF\x01\x01\x01\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x02\x00\x28\x00:\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\x00\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xfe\xff\xff\xff:/usr/bin/qemu-arm-static:' > /proc/sys/fs/binfmt_misc/register
# We can now run the armhf image, by mounting the qemu-arm-static binary but without force the entrypoint, the kernel binfmt-support will take care of this for us
root@fwrz:~# docker run -it --rm -v $(which qemu-arm-static):/usr/bin/qemu-arm-static --rm armbuild/busybox /bin/uname -m
armv7l
# It also works in the build time
root@fwrz:~# cat Dockerfile
FROM armbuild/ubuntu:latest
ADD qemu-arm-static /usr/bin/
RUN uname -m
root@fwrz:~# docker build -t toto .
Sending build context to Docker daemon 29.96 MB
Sending build context to Docker daemon
Step 0 : FROM armbuild/ubuntu:latest
---> 7ae58afd9325
Step 1 : ADD qemu-arm-static /usr/bin/
---> 4779d849a4dc
Removing intermediate container 4198cf9a84ed
Step 2 : RUN uname -m
---> Running in 98a74cf8c666
armv7l
---> f68841337716
Removing intermediate container 98a74cf8c666
Successfully built f68841337716

Problem, the trusted-build server do not have binfmt-support

Solution

A Dockerfile contains rules that works directly on the filesystem (FROM, ADD, COPY, ...).
The RUN command will try to run a shell script line in a container context, it will do this: docker run $PARENT_CID /bin/sh -c "the shell script line".

First proof-of-concept:

  • Add qemu-arm-static in the container
  • Replace the /bin/sh in the container (ADD) with a wrapper that will call "qemu-arm-static bash -c $@"

It works for basic commands, but as soon as the wrapped binary do an execve syscall, the new child process won't be wrapped.

It worked (build), There is some debug in the wrapper to see the command translation :

FROM armbuild/ubuntu:latest
ADD qemu-arm-static/qemu-arm-static /usr/bin/qemu-arm-static
ADD wrapper/wrapper-i386 /bin/sh
RUN sh -c 'echo Hello World !'
RUN echo Hello World !

Step 0 : FROM armbuild/ubuntu:latest
Pulling image (latest) from armbuild/ubuntu, endpoint: https://registry-1.docker.io/v1/ 7ae58afd9325
Download complete 7ae58afd9325
Download complete 7ae58afd9325
Status: Downloaded newer image for armbuild/ubuntu:latest
---> 7ae58afd9325
Step 1 : ADD qemu-arm-static/qemu-arm-static /usr/bin/qemu-arm-static
---> 42473d88d32c
Removing intermediate container 0f3bceb0d97d
Step 2 : ADD wrapper/wrapper-i386 /bin/sh
---> 282501415bb5
Removing intermediate container 8b6e49b9dfef
Step 3 : RUN sh -c 'echo Hello World !'
---> Running in 3c9ef504d119
x86_64
[/bin/sh -c sh -c 'echo Hello World !']
[/usr/bin/qemu-arm-static /bin/bash -c sh -c 'echo Hello World !']
x86_64
[sh -c echo Hello World !]
[/usr/bin/qemu-arm-static /bin/bash -c echo Hello World !]
Hello World !
---> c78a80ae1416
Removing intermediate container 3c9ef504d119
Step 4 : RUN echo Hello World !
---> Running in f1598a5e6d6a
x86_64
[/bin/sh -c echo Hello World !]
[/usr/bin/qemu-arm-static /bin/bash -c echo Hello World !]
Hello World !
---> 1f7b6cf626b5

But as soon as we have an execve, it breaks (build):

FROM armbuild/ubuntu:latest
ADD qemu-arm-static/qemu-arm-static /usr/bin/qemu-arm-static
ADD wrapper/wrapper-i386 /bin/sh
RUN date

Step 0 : FROM armbuild/ubuntu:latest
Pulling image (latest) from armbuild/ubuntu, endpoint: https://registry-1.docker.io/v1/ 7ae58afd9325
[...]
Step 5 : RUN date
---> Running in 1abb5e69e50b
x86_64
[/bin/sh -c date]
[/usr/bin/qemu-arm-static /bin/bash -c date]
[91m/bin/bash: /bin/date: cannot execute binary file: Exec format error
[0m
The command [/bin/sh -c date] returned a non-zero code: 126

Second Proof-of-concept (build):

The wrapper looks like busybox, we have a symlink pointing to the wrapper for each binaries we will want to run.

The wrapper will look for argv[0] and call the original binary prefixed with qemu-arm-static.

It works for more cases, but we need to prefix each binaries, this solution can be improved with another wrapper that will list the wanted binaries, then generate all the needed symlinks.

FROM armbuild/ubuntu:latest
# PREPARE IMAGE
ADD qemu-arm-static/qemu-arm-static /usr/bin/qemu-arm-static
ADD wrapper/wrapper-i386 /bin/sh
ADD ld_wrapper/ld_wrapper.so /bin/ld_wrapper.so
ADD binproxy /binproxy
ENV PATH /binproxy
#ENV LD_PRELOAD /bin/ld_wrapper.so
# STANDARD COMMANDS
RUN sh -c 'echo Hello World !'
RUN echo Hello World !
RUN echo Hello World !
RUN echo Hello World !
RUN date
RUN /bin/date
RUN /bin/bash -c /bin/date
RUN bash -c /bin/date
RUN /bin/sh -c /bin/date
RUN sh -c /bin/date
# RUN apt-get install -y cowsay # -> failing with: Failed to exec method /usr/lib/apt/methods/http
CMD ["bash"]

Step 0 : FROM armbuild/ubuntu:latest
Pulling image (latest) from armbuild/ubuntu, endpoint: https://registry-1.docker.io/v1/ 7ae58afd9325
Download complete 7ae58afd9325
Download complete 7ae58afd9325
Status: Downloaded newer image for armbuild/ubuntu:latest
---> 7ae58afd9325
Step 1 : ADD qemu-arm-static/qemu-arm-static /usr/bin/qemu-arm-static
---> 6ac9a3150cdb
Removing intermediate container c20f488e0e5f
Step 2 : ADD wrapper/wrapper-i386 /bin/sh
---> 3c51e8c14252
Removing intermediate container 9246489850a9
Step 3 : ADD ld_wrapper/ld_wrapper.so /bin/ld_wrapper.so
---> 8018ef2e3f38
Removing intermediate container 198ddb4d1123
Step 4 : ADD binproxy /binproxy
---> 12534e9daba7
Removing intermediate container 492797f2e2de
Step 5 : ENV PATH /binproxy
---> Running in cc1a8cdea8d3
---> 9da10af1a80e
Removing intermediate container cc1a8cdea8d3
Step 6 : RUN sh -c 'echo Hello World !'
---> Running in bbeb0f5d3baa
no such file or directory: /bin/wrapper
---> 29ad7ad4c922
Removing intermediate container bbeb0f5d3baa
Step 7 : RUN echo Hello World !
---> Running in 5859091b1fd3
Input args:  [/bin/sh -c echo Hello World !]
Output args: [/usr/bin/qemu-arm-static /bin/bash -c echo Hello World !]
Hello World !
---> 596b77bc9865
Removing intermediate container 5859091b1fd3
Step 8 : RUN echo Hello World !
---> Running in 9df4301aeb4e
Input args:  [/bin/sh -c echo Hello World !]
Output args: [/usr/bin/qemu-arm-static /bin/bash -c echo Hello World !]
Hello World !
---> 5aace60cbe09
Removing intermediate container 9df4301aeb4e
Step 9 : RUN echo Hello World !
---> Running in c8ad5d2829f7
Input args:  [/bin/sh -c echo Hello World !]
Output args: [/usr/bin/qemu-arm-static /bin/bash -c echo Hello World !]
Hello World !
---> 92462ed30bdf
Removing intermediate container c8ad5d2829f7
Step 10 : RUN date
---> Running in 5d698660eb0b
Input args:  [/bin/sh -c date]
Output args: [/usr/bin/qemu-arm-static /bin/bash -c date]
Input args:  [date]
Output args: [/usr/bin/qemu-arm-static /bin/date]
Mon Dec 15 07:36:55 UTC 2014
---> 41744084d1fd
Removing intermediate container 5d698660eb0b
Step 11 : RUN /bin/date
---> Running in 081b67fe5025
Input args:  [/bin/sh -c /bin/date]
Output args: [/usr/bin/qemu-arm-static /bin/bash -c /binproxy/date]
Input args:  [/binproxy/date]
Output args: [/usr/bin/qemu-arm-static /bin/date]
Mon Dec 15 07:36:57 UTC 2014
---> 599c2f87ad48
Removing intermediate container 081b67fe5025
Step 12 : RUN /bin/bash -c /bin/date
---> Running in 5d99ee0c13df
Input args:  [/bin/sh -c /bin/bash -c /bin/date]
Output args: [/usr/bin/qemu-arm-static /bin/bash -c /binproxy/bash -c /binproxy/date]
Input args:  [/binproxy/bash -c /binproxy/date]
Output args: [/usr/bin/qemu-arm-static /bin/bash -c /binproxy/date]
Input args:  [/binproxy/date]
Output args: [/usr/bin/qemu-arm-static /bin/date]
Mon Dec 15 07:36:59 UTC 2014
---> 1e9eaf4d5fde
Removing intermediate container 5d99ee0c13df
Step 13 : RUN bash -c /bin/date
---> Running in 17b7dd5043c8
Input args:  [/bin/sh -c bash -c /bin/date]
Output args: [/usr/bin/qemu-arm-static /bin/bash -c bash -c /binproxy/date]
Input args:  [bash -c /binproxy/date]
Output args: [/usr/bin/qemu-arm-static /bin/bash -c /binproxy/date]
Input args:  [/binproxy/date]
Output args: [/usr/bin/qemu-arm-static /bin/date]
Mon Dec 15 07:37:01 UTC 2014
---> 1a71f497a34f
Removing intermediate container 17b7dd5043c8
Step 14 : RUN /bin/sh -c /bin/date
---> Running in ba2bce255960
Input args:  [/bin/sh -c /bin/sh -c /bin/date]
Output args: [/usr/bin/qemu-arm-static /bin/bash -c /binproxy/sh -c /binproxy/date]
Input args:  [/binproxy/sh -c /binproxy/date]
Output args: [/usr/bin/qemu-arm-static /bin/bash -c /binproxy/date]
Input args:  [/binproxy/date]
Output args: [/usr/bin/qemu-arm-static /bin/date]
Mon Dec 15 07:37:03 UTC 2014
---> fc0b7dc8a8c2
Removing intermediate container ba2bce255960
Step 15 : RUN sh -c /bin/date
---> Running in 579c2effea5c
Input args:  [/bin/sh -c sh -c /bin/date]
Output args: [/usr/bin/qemu-arm-static /bin/bash -c sh -c /binproxy/date]
Input args:  [sh -c /binproxy/date]
Output args: [/usr/bin/qemu-arm-static /bin/bash -c /binproxy/date]
Input args:  [/binproxy/date]
Output args: [/usr/bin/qemu-arm-static /bin/date]
Mon Dec 15 07:37:05 UTC 2014
---> 36ab144cbf99
Removing intermediate container 579c2effea5c
Step 16 : CMD bash
---> Running in 8e23dde8cfae
---> 0afaa5c20659
Removing intermediate container 8e23dde8cfae
Successfully built 0afaa5c20659

And the essential, it runs on an armhf machine

root@devbox-image-tools-docker-builder:~# uname -a
Linux devbox-image-tools-docker-builder 3.17.0-119 #1 SMP Thu Nov 20 14:15:44 CET 2014 armv7l armv7l armv7l GNU/Linux
root@devbox-image-tools-docker-builder:~# docker run -it --rm moul/trusted-cross-build /bin/bash
root@0a2a778ad62c:/# uname -a
Linux 0a2a778ad62c 3.17.0-119 #1 SMP Thu Nov 20 14:15:44 CET 2014 armv7l armv7l armv7l GNU/Linux
root@0a2a778ad62c:/#

Evolution

A third proof-of-concept that uses a dynamic library that will be LD_PRELOADed and hot prefix the execve calls.

So we should have :

  • qemu-arm-static official binary
  • a wrapper.so armhf dynamic library
  • /bin/sh wrapper: i386 binary that will call the targeted binary with qemu-arm-static and set the $LD_PRELOAD environment variable for all the children processes

I think this solution should be better than the last one; Maybe for the next hackaton :)


Better clean and packaging of this hack, something like :

Author

Docker Pull Command
Owner
moul
Source Repository