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Last pushed: 2 days ago
Short Description
http daemon to distribute inventories generated by the hostlist tool.
Full Description

hostlist

Hostlist reads yaml lists with information about hosts and generates
config files and inventory for several services.

Quickstart

Example input files are in the tests directory. Hostlists are defined in the hostslists subdirectory, where the filename
encodes the hosttype and institute attributes of the contained hosts.

Run buildfiles to generate the output.
buildfiles --help shows the available options.

Configuration

The main configuration is in config.yml in the working directory.
Hostlists are collected in a directory listed in config.yml.

Format of hostlists

The hostlists are files under hostlists. The file format is either
hosttype-institute.yml or hosttype.yml, i.e. 0 or 1 dash. The filename will
be parsed and set as institute/hosttype for all hosts in that file.

The hostlists are in yaml. Multiple yaml documents in one file are allows. Each
yaml document starts with a line containing only ---.

Each yaml document document has a header and a list of hosts.
The header has to have an iprange, that lists the allowed range for the hosts in
the file. It can also set variables and groups.

The hostlist is a list of dicts, which each need a hostname and an ip and can
take other variables.

Variables and Groups

Each host has a list of variables (dict) associated with it as well as a list of groups (set).

If variables are set in multiple places they are overwritten in this order:
filename < header < host

For groups a default is set in the config file.
In the header and the host definition one can define lists groups and notgroups that are added/subtracted from the list of
groups for that host.

Groups are used to define which hosts are used in some outputs (muninnode, ssh_known_hosts) or which hosts should be included for
checks (needs_ip, needs_mac).

Checks

Many checks are performed to ensure consistency and find mistakes before they
are deployed:

  • IP range

    • hosts must have an IP in the given range
    • all hosts must fall into the IP ranges stated in the config
    • ipranges between files must not overlap (except iprange_allow_overlap is set)
  • IP, MAC and hostname must be unique

  • if user is set, it must be an existing user account (to detect machines
    belonging to users who no longer have an account)
  • if end_date is set, it must be in the future

To ignore failed tests list them in the ignore_checks list in your config.yml:

ignore_checks:
    - "end_date"
    - "user"
    - "nonunique"
    - "cnames"
    - "duplicates"
    - "missing_mac_ip"
    - "iprange_overlap"

Services

At the moment the supported services are:

  • /etc/hosts, can also be used for dnsmasq
  • dhcpd
  • ansible inventory
  • munin
  • ssh_known_hosts generation

Web daemon

You can start hostlist-daemon to serve the generated content via http. Start hostlist-daemon where you would run buildfiles.
The daemon is based on cherrypy and has a config file daemon.conf.

Example

A working example for inputs and all configuration files can be found in tests.

DNSVS Synchronization

Besides generating config files, the hostlist can also be synchronized against
DNSVS, which is the dns management system used by https://www.scc.kit.edu.

In order to use the DNSVS interface you need a ssl-key, which is expected in ~/.ssl/net-webapi.key. In order to generate the key, follow the instructions in the section "Hinweise zur Zertifikatsbenutzung bzw. Registrierung" at the bottom of the page https://www-net-doku.scc.kit.edu/webapi/2.0/intro.

With the key added, you can run buildfiles, which shows you a
diff between dnsvs and the local files and gives the option to copy the local
hostlist to dnsvs.

Tests

To run the tests:
::

cd tests; py.test

Contribute

Feel free to use the code and adjust it to your needs.
Pull requests are welcome!

Style guide

The code should obey PEP8 (as enforced by flake8 or pylint) when possible.

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