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Last pushed: 3 days ago
Short Description
Postgresql server Image for Streaming replication cluster for pgsql + pgpool2
Full Description

Streaming replication cluster for pgsql + pgpool2

Info

Publications

What's in the box

This project includes:

  • dockerfiles for postgresql cluster
  • Examples of usage(suitable for production environment as architecture has fault protection with auto failover)
    • example of docker-compose file to start this cluster.
    • directory k8s contains information for building this cluster in kubernetes

Artifacts

Two docker images were produced:

Schema of the example cluster

pgmaster (primary node1)  --|
|- pgslave1 (node2)       --|
|  |- pgslave2 (node3)    --|----pgpool (master_slave_mode stream)
|- pgslave3 (node4)       --|
   |- pgslave4 (node5)    --|

Each postgres node (pgmaster, pgslaveX) is managed by repmgr/repmgrd. It allows to use automatic failover and check cluster status.

Start cluster with docker-compose

To start cluster run it as normal docker-compose application docker-compose up -d

Please check comments for each ENV variable in docker-compose.yml file to understand parameter for cluster's node

Start cluster in Kubernetes

To make it easier repository contains services' objects under k8s dir

  • Requires software: minikube (for local tests) and kubectl
  • Using minikube you can start local Kubernetes cluster: minikube start, minikube env
  • Setup PostgreSQL cluster: kubectl create -f ./k8s/database-service/
  • Check everything works as expected
    • Proper DB operating:
      • Connect to any postgres node to be able to access DB (e.g. docker-compose exec pgpool bash -c 'PGPASSWORD=$CHECK_PASSWORD psql -U $CHECK_USER -h localhost template1 -c "show pool_nodes"')
      • Do some read and write queries after connecting be command PGPASSWORD=monkey_pass psql -U monkey_user -h database-pgpool-service -p 5432 monkey_db
    • Check status/topology of the cluster (e.g. from master node) gosu postgres repmgr cluster show

Initial topology:

  • Repmgr:
    ```
    gosu postgres repmgr cluster show
    [2016-12-28 06:46:13] [INFO] connecting to database
    Role | Name | Upstream | Connection String
    ----------+-------|----------|----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  • master | node1 | | user=replication_user password=replication_pass host=pgmaster dbname=replication_db port=5432 connect_timeout=2
    standby | node4 | node1 | user=replication_user password=replication_pass host=pgslave3 dbname=replication_db port=5432 connect_timeout=2
    standby | node2 | node1 | user=replication_user password=replication_pass host=pgslave1 dbname=replication_db port=5432 connect_timeout=2
    standby | node3 | node2 | user=replication_user password=replication_pass host=pgslave2 dbname=replication_db port=5432 connect_timeout=2
    standby | node5 | node4 | user=replication_user password=replication_pass host=pgslave4 dbname=replication_db port=5432 connect_timeout=2
    ```

  • Pgpool:

    PGPASSWORD=$CHECK_PASSWORD psql -U $CHECK_USER -h localhost template1 -c "show pool_nodes"
    node_id | hostname | port | status | lb_weight |  role   
    ---------+----------+------+--------+-----------+---------
    0       | pgmaster | 5432 | 2      | 0.250000  | primary
    1       | pgslave1 | 5432 | 2      | 0.250000  | standby
    2       | pgslave2 | 5432 | 2      | 0.250000  | standby
    3       | pgslave3 | 5432 | 2      | 0.250000  | standby
    

Adaptive mode

'Adaptive mode' means that node will be able to decide if instead of acting as a master on it's start or switch to standby role.
That possible if you pass PARTNER_NODES (comma separated list of nodes in the cluster on the same level).
So every time container starts it will check if it was master before and if there is no new master around (from the list PARTNER_NODES),
otherwise it will start as a new standby node with upstream = new master in the cluster.

Keep in mind: this feature does not work for cascade replication and you should not pass PARTNER_NODES to nodes on second level of the cluster.
Instead of it just make sure that all nodes on the first level are running, so after restart any node from second level will be able to follow initial upstream from the first level.
That also can mean - replication from second level potentially can connect to root master... Well not a big deal if you've decided to go with adaptive mode.
But nevertheless you are able to play with NODE_PRIORITY environment variable and make sure entry point for second level of replication will never be elected as a new root master

Health-checks

To make sure you cluster works as expected without 'split-brain' or other issues, you have to setup health-checks and stop container if any health-check returns non-zero result.

  • Postgres containers:
    • /usr/local/bin/cluster/healthcheck/is_major_master.sh - detect if node acts as a 'false'-master and there is another master - with more standbys
  • Pgpool
    • /usr/local/bin/pgpool/has_enough_backends.sh [REQUIRED_NUM_OF_BACKENDS, default=$REQUIRE_MIN_BACKENDS] - check if there are enough backend behind pgpool
    • /usr/local/bin/pgpool/has_write_node.sh - check if one of the backend can be used as a master with write access

Abnormal but possible situation in cluster:

gosu postgres repmgr cluster show
Role      | Name  | Upstream | Connection String
----------+-------|----------|----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  standby | node3 | node2    | user=replication_user password=replication_pass host=pgslave2 dbname=replication_db port=5432
  standby | node5 | node4    | user=replication_user password=replication_pass host=pgslave4 dbname=replication_db port=5432
* master  | node1 |          | user=replication_user password=replication_pass host=pgmaster dbname=replication_db port=5432
* master  | node2 |          | user=replication_user password=replication_pass host=pgslave1 dbname=replication_db port=5432
  standby | node4 | node2    | user=replication_user password=replication_pass host=pgslave3 dbname=replication_db port=5432

Useful commands

  • Get map of current cluster(on any postgres node):
    • gosu postgres repmgr cluster show - tries to connect to all nodes on request ignore status of node in repmgr_$CLUSTER_NAME.repl_nodes
    • gosu postgres psql $REPLICATION_DB -c "SELECT * FROM repmgr_$CLUSTER_NAME.repl_nodes" - just select data from tables
  • Get pgpool status (on any pgpool node): PGPASSWORD=$CHECK_PASSWORD psql -U $CHECK_USER -h localhost template1 -c "show pool_nodes"
  • In pgpool container check if primary node exists: /usr/local/bin/pgpool/has_write_node.sh

Any command might be wrapped with docker-compose or kubectl - docker-compose exec {NODE} bash -c '{COMMAND}' or kubectl exec {POD_NAME} -- bash -c '{COMMAND}'

Scenarios

Check the document to understand different cases of failover, split-brain resistance and recovery

FAQ

Documentation and manuals

Docker Pull Command
Owner
paunin
Source Repository

Comments (1)
jmcollin
8 months ago

Hi there, maybe you should tag the image with the Postgresql release.