bootstrap-vz is a bootstrapping framework for Debian that creates ready-to-boot
images able to run on a number of cloud providers and virtual machines.
bootstrap-vz runs without any user intervention and
generates images for the following virtualization platforms:
Amazon AWS EC2 <bootstrapvz/providers/ec2>
(supports both HVM and PVM; S3 and EBS backed;
used for official Debian images <https://wiki.debian.org/Cloud/AmazonEC2Image/Jessie>;
Quick start <#amazon-ec2-ebs-backed-ami>__)
Quick start <#docker>)
Google Compute Engine <bootstrapvz/providers/gce>
used by Google for official Debian images <https://wiki.debian.org/Cloud/GoogleComputeEngineImage>)
KVM <bootstrapvz/providers/kvm>__ (Kernel-based Virtual Machine)
Microsoft Azure <bootstrapvz/providers/azure>__
Oracle Compute Cloud Service <bootstrapvz/providers/oracle>
used for official Debian images <https://wiki.debian.org/Cloud/OracleComputeImage>)
Oracle VirtualBox <bootstrapvz/providers/virtualbox>(
with Vagrant support <#virtualbox-vagrant>)
Its aim is to provide a reproducible bootstrapping process using
as well as supporting a high degree of customizability through plugins.
The documentation for bootstrap-vz is available at
There, you can discover
what the dependencies <#dependencies> for
a specific cloud provider are,
see a list of available plugins <bootstrapvz/plugins>
how you create a manifest <manifests>.
Note to developers: The shared documentation links on github and readthedocs
are transformed in
a rather peculiar and nifty way__.
bootstrap-vz has a master branch into which stable feature branches are merged.
After checking out the branch of your choice you can install the
python dependencies by running
python setup.py install. However,
depending on what kind of image you'd like to bootstrap, there are
other debian package dependencies as well, at the very least you will
The documentation <http://bootstrap-vz.readthedocs.org/en/master>__
explains this in more detail.
Note that bootstrap-vz will tell you which tools it requires when they
aren't present (the different packages are mentioned in the error
message), so you can simply run bootstrap-vz once to get a list of the
packages, install them, and then re-run.
Here are a few quickstart tutorials for the most common images.
If you plan on partitioning your volume, you will need the
.. code-block:: sh
root@host:~# apt-get install parted kpartx
Note that you can always abort a bootstrapping process by pressing
Ctrl+C, bootstrap-vz will then initiate a cleanup/rollback process,
where volumes are detached/deleted and temporary files removed, pressing
Ctrl+C a second time shortcuts that procedure, halts the cleanup and
quits the process.
.. code-block:: sh user@host:~$ sudo -i # become root root@host:~# git clone https://github.com/andsens/bootstrap-vz.git # Clone the repo root@host:~# apt-get install debootstrap python-pip docker.io # Install dependencies from aptitude root@host:~# pip install termcolor jsonschema fysom docopt pyyaml pyrfc3339 # Install python dependencies root@host:~# bootstrap-vz/bootstrap-vz bootstrap-vz/manifests/examples/docker/jessie-minimized.yml The resulting image should be no larger than 82 MB (81.95 MB to be exact). The manifest ``jessie-minimized.yml`` uses the `minimize\_size <bootstrapvz/plugins/minimize_size>`__ plugin to reduce the image size considerably. Rather than installing docker from the debian main repo it is recommended to install `the latest docker version <https://docs.docker.com/engine/installation/debian/#debian-jessie-80-64-bit>`__. VirtualBox Vagrant ~~~~~~~~~~~~
.. code-block:: sh
user@host:~$ sudo -i # become root root@host:~# git clone https://github.com/andsens/bootstrap-vz.git # Clone the repo root@host:~# apt-get install qemu-utils debootstrap python-pip # Install dependencies from aptitude root@host:~# pip install termcolor jsonschema fysom docopt pyyaml # Install python dependencies root@host:~# modprobe nbd max_part=16 root@host:~# bootstrap-vz/bootstrap-vz bootstrap-vz/manifests/examples/virtualbox/jessie-vagrant.yml
modprobe nbd max_part=16 part enables the network block device driver to support up to 16 partitions
on a device)
If you want to use the
minimize\_size <bootstrapvz/plugins/minimize_size> plugin,
you will have to install the
zerofree package and
VMWare Workstation as well.
Amazon EC2 EBS backed AMI
.. code-block:: sh
user@host:~$ sudo -i # become root root@host:~# git clone https://github.com/andsens/bootstrap-vz.git # Clone the repo root@host:~# apt-get install debootstrap python-pip # Install dependencies from aptitude root@host:~# pip install termcolor jsonschema fysom docopt pyyaml boto # Install python dependencies root@host:~# bootstrap-vz/bootstrap-vz bootstrap-vz/manifests/official/ec2/ebs-jessie-amd64-hvm.yml
To bootstrap S3 backed AMIs, bootstrap-vz will also need the
euca2ools package. However, version 3.2.0 is required meaning you
must install it directly from the eucalyptus repository like this:
.. code-block:: sh
apt-get install --no-install-recommends python-dev libxml2-dev libxslt-dev gcc zlib1g-dev pip install git+git://email@example.com
bootstrap-vz tries very hard to clean up after itself both if a run was
successful but also if it failed. This ensures that you are not left
with volumes still attached to the host which are useless. If an error
occurred you can simply correct the problem that caused it and rerun
everything, there will be no leftovers from the previous run (as always
there are of course rare/unlikely exceptions to that rule). The error
messages should always give you a strong hint at what is wrong, if that
is not the case please consider
opening an issue__ and attach
both the error message and your manifest (preferably as a gist or
bootstrap-vz has a number of dependencies depending on the target
the selected plugins <bootstrapvz/plugins>__.
At a bare minimum the following python libraries are needed:
To bootstrap Debian itself
debootstrap__ is needed as well.
Any other requirements are dependent upon the manifest configuration
and are detailed in the corresponding sections of the documentation.
Before the bootstrapping process begins however,
bootstrap-vz will warn you if a requirement has not been met.
The API documentation, development guidelines and an explanation of
bootstrap-vz internals can be found at
Contribution guidelines are described in the documentation under
There's also a topic regarding
the coding style <CONTRIBUTING.rst#coding-style>.
bootstrap-vz was coded from scratch in python once the bash script
architecture that was used in the
bootstrapper reached its limits. The project has since grown well beyond
its original goal, but has kept the focus on Debian images.