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Last pushed: a month ago
Short Description
A base API project to bootstrap and prototype quickly.
Full Description

Example API

This is a base project to bootstrap and prototype quickly. It is useful as a starting point for REST APIs and includes full OAuth 2.0 implementation as well as basic endpoints to create and update a user, health check endpoint, Facebook integration, migrations and a ready to rumble Dockerfile.

It relies on Postgres for database and etcd for configuration but both are easily customizable. An ORM library is used for database communication.







API Design

The API is using REST architectural style which means resources are access and modified via HTTP methods:

  • GET (to get a resource or paginate over resource sets)
  • POST (to create new resources)
  • PUT (to update resources)
  • DELETE (to delete resources)

PATCH might be implemented later in order to enable partial updates of resources (see the RFC).

The REST API objects are formatted according to JSON HAL specification. This means that each object has its own hyperlink clients can use to access it. Other related objects can be embedded into the response as well.

Simple example of JSON HAL resource:

{
  "_links": {
    "self": {
      "href": "/v1/users/1"
    }
  },
  "id": 1,
  "email": "john@reese",
  "created_at": "2015-12-17T06:17:54Z",
  "updated_at": "2015-12-17T06:17:54Z"
}

Let's take a look at how a related object would be represented. The example bellow shows a file resource with embedded user object.

{
  "_links": {
    "self": {
      "href":"/v1/files/1"
    }
  },
  "_embedded": {
    "user": {
      "_links": {
        "self": {
          "href":"/v1/users/1"
        }
      },
      "id":1
    }
  },
  "id":1,
  "user_id":1
}

Pagination example:

{
  "_links":{
    "first":{
      "href":"/v1/files?page=1"
    },
    "last":{
      "href":"/v1/files?page=2"
    },
    "next":{
      "href":"/v1/files?page=2"
    },
    "prev":{
      "href":""
    },
    "self":{
      "href":"/v1/files?page=1"
    }
  },
  "_embedded":{
    "files":[
      {
        "_links":{
          "self":{
            "href":"/v1/files/1"
          }
        },
        "id":1
      },
      {
        "_links":{
          "self":{
            "href":"/v1/files/2"
          }
        },
        "id":2
      }
    ]
  },
  "count":2,
  "page":1
}

Dependencies

According to Go 1.5 Vendor experiment, all dependencies are stored in the vendor directory. This approach is called vendoring and is the best practice for Go projects to lock versions of dependencies in order to achieve reproducible builds.

To update dependencies during development:

make update-deps

To install dependencies:

make install-deps

Setup

If you are developing on OSX, install etcd and Postgres:

etcd

brew install etcd

Load a development configuration into etcd:

etcdctl put /config/example_api.json '{
  "Database": {
    "Type": "postgres",
    "Host": "localhost",
    "Port": 5432,
    "User": "example_api",
    "Password": "",
    "DatabaseName": "example_api",
    "MaxIdleConns": 5,
    "MaxOpenConns": 5
  },
  "Oauth": {
    "AccessTokenLifetime": 3600,
    "RefreshTokenLifetime": 1209600,
    "AuthCodeLifetime": 3600
  },
  "Mailgun": {
    "Domain": "example.com",
    "APIKey": "mailgun_api_key",
    "PublicAPIKey": "mailgun_private_api_key"
  },
  "Web": {
    "Scheme": "http",
    "Host": "localhost:8080",
    "AppScheme": "http",
    "AppHost": "localhost:8000"
  },
  "AppSpecific": {
    "ConfirmationLifetime": 604800,
    "InvitationLifetime": 604800,
    "PasswordResetLifetime": 604800,
    "CompanyName": "Example Ltd",
    "CompanyNoreplyEmail": "noreply@example.com",
    "ConfirmationURLFormat": "%s://%s/confirm-email/%s",
    "InvitationURLFormat": "%s://%s/confirm-invitation/%s",
    "PasswordResetURLFormat": "%s://%s/reset-password/%s"
  },
  "IsDevelopment": true
}'

Check the config was loaded properly:

etcdctl get /config/example_api.json

Postgres

brew install postgres

You might want to create a Postgres database:

createuser --createdb example_api
createdb -U example_api example_api

Compile & Run

Compile the app:

go install .

Run migrations:

example-api migrate

And finally, run the app:

example-api runserver

When deploying, you can set etcd related environment variables:

  • ETCD_ENDPOINTS
  • ETCD_CERT_FILE
  • ETCD_KEY_FILE
  • ETCD_CA_FILE
  • ETCD_CONFIG_PATH

Test Data

You might want to insert some test data if you are testing locally using curl examples from this README:

example-api loaddata \
  services/oauth/fixtures/scopes.yml \
  services/oauth/fixtures/roles.yml \
  services/oauth/fixtures/test_clients.yml \
  services/oauth/fixtures/test_users.yml \
  services/accounts/fixtures/test_users.yml

Testing

I have used a mix of unit and functional tests so you need to have sqlite installed in order for the tests to run successfully as the suite creates an in-memory database.

To run tests:

make test

Docker

Build a Docker image and run the app in a container:

docker build -t example-api:latest .
docker run -e ETCD_ENDPOINTs=localhost:2379 -p 8080:8080 --name example-api example-api:latest

You can load fixtures with docker exec command:

docker exec <container_id> /go/bin/example-api loaddata \
  services/oauth/fixtures/scopes.yml \
  services/oauth/fixtures/roles.yml \
  services/oauth/fixtures/test_clients.yml

You can also execute interactive commands by passing -i flag:

docker exec -i <container_id> /go/bin/example-api createoauthclient
docker exec -i <container_id> /go/bin/example-api createsuperuser

Docker Compose

You can use docker-compose to start the app, postgres, etcd in separate linked containers:

docker-compose up

During docker-compose up process all configuration and fixtures will be loaded. After successful up you can check, that app is running using for example the health check request:

curl --compressed -v localhost:8080/v1/health
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richardknop

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