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Short Description
Minecraft Server
Full Description


This docker image provides a Minecraft Server that will automatically download the latest stable
version at startup. You can also run/upgrade to any specific version or the
latest snapshot. See the Versions section below for more information.

To simply use the latest stable version, run

docker run -d -p 25565:25565 --name mc itzg/minecraft-server

where the standard server port, 25565, will be exposed on your host machine.

If you want to serve up multiple Minecraft servers or just use an alternate port,
change the host-side port mapping such as

docker run -p 25566:25565 ...

will serve your Minecraft server on your host's port 25566 since the -p syntax is
host-port:container-port.

Speaking of multiple servers, it's handy to give your containers explicit names using --name, such as

docker run -d -p 25565:25565 --name mc itzg/minecraft-server

With that you can easily view the logs, stop, or re-start the container:

docker logs -f mc
    ( Ctrl-C to exit logs action )

docker stop mc

docker start mc

Interacting with the server

In order to attach and interact with the Minecraft server, add -it when starting the container, such as

docker run -d -it -p 25565:25565 --name mc itzg/minecraft-server

With that you can attach and interact at any time using

docker attach mc

and then Control-p Control-q to detach.

For remote access, configure your Docker daemon to use a tcp socket (such as -H tcp://0.0.0.0:2375)
and attach from another machine:

docker -H $HOST:2375 attach mc

Unless you're on a home/private LAN, you should enable TLS access.

EULA Support

Mojang now requires accepting the Minecraft EULA. To accept add

    -e EULA=TRUE

such as

    docker run -d -it -e EULA=TRUE -p 25565:25565 --name mc itzg/minecraft-server

Attaching data directory to host filesystem

In order to readily access the Minecraft data, use the -v argument
to map a directory on your host machine to the container's /data directory, such as:

docker run -d -v /path/on/host:/data ...

When attached in this way you can stop the server, edit the configuration under your attached /path/on/host
and start the server again with docker start CONTAINERID to pick up the new configuration.

NOTE: By default, the files in the attached directory will be owned by the host user with UID of 1000 and host group with GID of 1000.
You can use an different UID and GID by passing the options:

-e UID=1000 -e GID=1000

replacing 1000 with a UID and GID that is present on the host.
Here is one way to find the UID and GID:

id some_host_user
getent group some_host_group

Versions

To use a different Minecraft version, pass the VERSION environment variable, which can have the value

  • LATEST
  • SNAPSHOT
  • (or a specific version, such as "1.7.9")

For example, to use the latest snapshot:

docker run -d -e VERSION=SNAPSHOT ...

or a specific version:

docker run -d -e VERSION=1.7.9 ...

Running a Forge Server

Enable Forge server mode by adding a -e TYPE=FORGE to your command-line.
By default the container will run the RECOMMENDED version of Forge server
but you can also choose to run a specific version with -e FORGEVERSION=10.13.4.1448.

$ docker run -d -v /path/on/host:/data -e VERSION=1.7.10 \
    -e TYPE=FORGE -e FORGEVERSION=10.13.4.1448 \
    -p 25565:25565 -e EULA=TRUE --name mc itzg/minecraft-server

In order to add mods, you have two options.

Using the /data volume

This is the easiest way if you are using a persistent /data mount.

To do this, you will need to attach the container's /data directory
(see "Attaching data directory to host filesystem”).
Then, you can add mods to the /path/on/host/mods folder you chose. From the example above,
the /path/on/host folder contents look like:

/path/on/host
├── mods
│   └── ... INSTALL MODS HERE ...
├── config
│   └── ... CONFIGURE MODS HERE ...
├── ops.json
├── server.properties
├── whitelist.json
└── ...

If you add mods while the container is running, you'll need to restart it to pick those
up:

docker stop mc
docker start mc

Using separate mounts

This is the easiest way if you are using an ephemeral /data filesystem,
or downloading a world with the WORLD option.

There are two additional volumes that can be mounted; /mods and /config.
Any files in either of these filesystems will be copied over to the main
/data filesystem before starting Minecraft.

This works well if you want to have a common set of modules in a separate
location, but still have multiple worlds with different server requirements
in either persistent volumes or a downloadable archive.

Running a Bukkit/Spigot server

Enable Bukkit/Spigot server mode by adding a -e TYPE=BUKKIT -e VERSION=1.8 or -e TYPE=SPIGOT -e VERSION=1.8 to your command-line.

The VERSION option should be set to 1.8, as this is the only version of CraftBukkit and Spigot currently
available. The latest build in this branch will be used.

$ docker run -d -v /path/on/host:/data \
    -e TYPE=SPIGOT -e VERSION=1.8 \
    -p 25565:25565 -e EULA=TRUE --name mc itzg/minecraft-server

You can install Bukkit plugins in two ways.

You can build spigot from source by adding -e BUILD_FROM_SOURCE=true

Using the /data volume

This is the easiest way if you are using a persistent /data mount.

To do this, you will need to attach the container's /data directory
(see "Attaching data directory to host filesystem”).
Then, you can add plugins to the /path/on/host/plugins folder you chose. From the example above,
the /path/on/host folder contents look like:

/path/on/host
├── plugins
│   └── ... INSTALL PLUGINS HERE ...
├── ops.json
├── server.properties
├── whitelist.json
└── ...

If you add plugins while the container is running, you'll need to restart it to pick those
up:

docker stop mc
docker start mc

Using separate mounts

This is the easiest way if you are using an ephemeral /data filesystem,
or downloading a world with the WORLD option.

There is one additional volume that can be mounted; /plugins.
Any files in this filesystem will be copied over to the main
/data/plugins filesystem before starting Minecraft.

This works well if you want to have a common set of plugins in a separate
location, but still have multiple worlds with different server requirements
in either persistent volumes or a downloadable archive.

Using Docker Compose

Rather than type the server options below, the port mappings above, etc
every time you want to create new Minecraft server, you can now use
Docker Compose. Start with a
docker-compose.yml file like the following:

minecraft-server:
  ports:
    - "25565:25565"

  environment:
    EULA: TRUE

  image: itzg/minecraft-server

  container_name: mc

  tty: true
  stdin_open: true
  restart: always

and in the same directory as that file run

docker-compose -d up

Now, go play...or adjust the environment section to configure
this server instance.

Server configuration

Difficulty

The difficulty level (default: easy) can be set like:

docker run -d -e DIFFICULTY=hard ...

Valid values are: peaceful, easy, normal, and hard, and an
error message will be output in the logs if it's not one of these
values.

Whitelist Players

To whitelist players for your Minecraft server, pass the Minecraft usernames separated by commas via the WHITELIST environment variable, such as

docker run -d -e WHITELIST=user1,user2 ...

If the WHITELIST environment variable is not used, any user can join your Minecraft server if it's publicly accessible.

Op/Administrator Players

To add more "op" (aka adminstrator) users to your Minecraft server, pass the Minecraft usernames separated by commas via the OPS environment variable, such as

docker run -d -e OPS=user1,user2 ...

Server icon

A server icon can be configured using the ICON variable. The image will be automatically
downloaded, scaled, and converted from any other image format:

docker run -d -e ICON=http://..../some/image.png ...

Rcon

To use rcon use the ENABLE_RCON and RCON_PASSORD variables.
By default rcon port will be 25575 but can easily be changed with the RCON_PORT variable.

docker run -d -e ENABLE_RCON=true -e RCON_PASSWORD=testing

Query

Enabling this will enable the gamespy query protocol.
By default the query port will be 25565 (UDP) but can easily be changed with the QUERY_PORT variable.

docker run -d -e ENABLE_QUERY=true

Max players

By default max players is 20, you can increase this with the MAX_PLAYERS variable.

docker run -d -e MAX_PLAYERS=50

Max world size

This sets the maximum possible size in blocks, expressed as a radius, that the world border can obtain.

docker run -d -e MAX_WORLD_SIZE=10000   

Allow Nether

Allows players to travel to the Nether.

docker run -d -e ALLOW_NETHER=true

Announce Player Achievements

Allows server to announce when a player gets an achievement.

docker run -d -e ANNOUNCE_PLAYER_ACHIEVEMENTS=true   

Enable Command Block

Enables command blocks

 docker run -d -e ENABLE_COMMAND_BLOCK=true

Force Gamemode

Force players to join in the default game mode.

  • false - Players will join in the gamemode they left in.
  • true - Players will always join in the default gamemode.

    docker run -d -e FORCE_GAMEMODE=false

Generate Structures

Defines whether structures (such as villages) will be generated.

  • false - Structures will not be generated in new chunks.
  • true - Structures will be generated in new chunks.

    docker run -d -e GENERATE_STRUCTURES=true

Hardcore

If set to true, players will be set to spectator mode if they die.

docker run -d -e HARDCORE=false

Max Build Height

The maximum height in which building is allowed.
Terrain may still naturally generate above a low height limit.

docker run -d -e MAX_BUILD_HEIGHT=256

Max Tick Time

The maximum number of milliseconds a single tick may take before the server watchdog stops the server with the message, A single server tick took 60.00 seconds (should be max 0.05); Considering it to be crashed, server will forcibly shutdown. Once this criteria is met, it calls System.exit(1).
Setting this to -1 will disable watchdog entirely

docker run -d -e MAX_TICK_TIME=60000

Spawn Animals

Determines if animals will be able to spawn.

docker run -d -e SPAWN_ANIMALS=true

Spawn Monsters

Determines if monsters will be spawned.

docker run -d -e SPAWN_MONSTERS=true

Spawn NPCs

Determines if villagers will be spawned.

docker run -d -e SPAWN_NPCS=true

View Distance

Sets the amount of world data the server sends the client, measured in chunks in each direction of the player (radius, not diameter).
It determines the server-side viewing distance.

docker run -d -e VIEW_DISTANCE=10

Level Seed

If you want to create the Minecraft level with a specific seed, use SEED, such as

docker run -d -e SEED=1785852800490497919 ...

Game Mode

By default, Minecraft servers are configured to run in Survival mode. You can
change the mode using MODE where you can either provide the standard
numerical values
or the
shortcut values:

  • creative
  • survival
  • adventure
  • spectator (only for Minecraft 1.8 or later)

For example:

docker run -d -e MODE=creative ...

Message of the Day

The message of the day, shown below each server entry in the UI, can be changed with the MOTD environment variable, such as

docker run -d -e 'MOTD=My Server' ...

If you leave it off, the last used or default message will be used. The example shows how to specify a server
message of the day that contains spaces by putting quotes around the whole thing.

PVP Mode

By default, servers are created with player-vs-player (PVP) mode enabled. You can disable this with the PVP
environment variable set to false, such as

docker run -d -e PVP=false ...

Level Type and Generator Settings

By default, a standard world is generated with hills, valleys, water, etc. A different level type can
be configured by setting LEVEL_TYPE to

  • DEFAULT
  • FLAT
  • LARGEBIOMES
  • AMPLIFIED
  • CUSTOMIZED

Descriptions are available at the gamepedia.

When using a level type of FLAT and CUSTOMIZED, you can further configure the world generator
by passing custom generator settings.
Since generator settings usually have ;'s in them, surround the -e value with a single quote, like below.

For example (just the -e bits):

-e LEVEL_TYPE=flat -e 'GENERATOR_SETTINGS=3;minecraft:bedrock,3*minecraft:stone,52*minecraft:sandstone;2;'

World Save Name

You can either switch between world saves or run multiple containers with different saves by using the LEVEL option,
where the default is "world":

docker run -d -e LEVEL=bonus ...

NOTE: if running multiple containers be sure to either specify a different -v host directory for each
LEVEL in use or don't use -v and the container's filesystem will keep things encapsulated.

Downloadable world

Instead of mounting the /data volume, you can instead specify the URL of
a ZIP file containing an archived world. This will be downloaded, and
unpacked in the /data directory; if it does not contain a subdirectory
called world/ then it will be searched for a file level.dat and the
containing subdirectory renamed to world. This means that most of the
archived Minecraft worlds downloadable from the Internet will already be in
the correct format.

The ZIP file may also contain a server.properties file and modules
directory, if required.

docker run -d -e WORLD=http://www.example.com/worlds/MySave.zip ...

NOTE: Unless you also mount /data as an external volume, this world
will be deleted when the container is deleted.

NOTE: This URL must be accessible from inside the container. Therefore,
you should use an IP address or a globally resolveable FQDN, or else the
name of a linked container.

Downloadable mod/plugin pack for Forge, Bukkit, and Spigot Servers

Like the WORLD option above, you can specify the URL of a "mod pack"
to download and install into mods for Forge or plugins for Bukkit/Spigot.
To use this option pass the environment variable MODPACK, such as

docker run -d -e MODPACK=http://www.example.com/mods/modpack.zip ...

NOTE: The referenced URL must be a zip file with one or more jar files at the
top level of the zip archive. Make sure the jars are compatible with the
particular TYPE of server you are running.

JVM Configuration

Memory Limit

The Java memory limit can be adjusted using the JVM_OPTS environment variable, where the default is
the setting shown in the example (max and min at 1024 MB):

docker run -e 'JVM_OPTS=-Xmx1024M -Xms1024M' ...
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