Table of Contents
- Reporting Issues
- Quick Start
- Data Store
- Creating User and Database at Launch
- Creating remote user with privileged access
- Shell Access
Dockerfile to build a MySQL container image which can be linked to other containers.
If you find this image useful here's how you can help:
- Send a Pull Request with your awesome new features and bug fixes
- Help new users with Issues they may encounter
- Support the development of this image with a donation
Docker is a relatively new project and is active being developed and tested by a thriving community of developers and testers and every release of docker features many enhancements and bugfixes.
Given the nature of the development and release cycle it is very important that you have the latest version of docker installed because any issue that you encounter might have already been fixed with a newer docker release.
For ubuntu users I suggest installing docker using docker's own package repository since the version of docker packaged in the ubuntu repositories are a little dated.
Here is the shortform of the installation of an updated version of docker on ubuntu.
sudo apt-get purge docker.io curl -s https://get.docker.io/ubuntu/ | sudo sh sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install lxc-docker
Fedora and RHEL/CentOS users should try disabling selinux with
setenforce 0 and check if resolves the issue. If it does than there is not much that I can help you with. You can either stick with selinux disabled (not recommended by redhat) or switch to using ubuntu.
If using the latest docker version and/or disabling selinux does not fix the issue then please file a issue request on the issues page.
In your issue report please make sure you provide the following information:
- The host ditribution and release version.
- Output of the
- Output of the
docker runcommand you used to run the image (mask out the sensitive bits).
Automated builds of the image are available on Dockerhub and is the recommended method of installation.
Note: Builds are also available on Quay.io
docker pull sameersbn/mysql:latest
Alternately you can build the image yourself.
docker build -t sameersbn/mysql github.com/sameersbn/docker-mysql
Run the mysql image
docker run --name mysql -d sameersbn/mysql:latest
You can access the mysql server as the root user using the following command:
docker run -it --rm --volumes-from=mysql sameersbn/mysql:latest mysql -uroot
You should mount a volume at
SELinux users are also required to change the security context of the mount point so that it plays nicely with selinux.
mkdir -p /opt/mysql/data sudo chcon -Rt svirt_sandbox_file_t /opt/mysql/data
The updated run command looks like this.
docker run --name mysql -d \ -v /opt/mysql/data:/var/lib/mysql sameersbn/mysql:latest
This will make sure that the data stored in the database is not lost when the image is stopped and started again.
Creating User and Database at Launch
For this feature to work the
debian-sys-maintuser needs to exist. This user is automatically created when the database is installed for the first time (firstrun).
However if you were using this image before this feature was added, then it will not work as-is. You are required to create the
docker run -it --rm --volumes-from=mysql sameersbn/mysql \ mysql -uroot -e "GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES on *.* TO 'debian-sys-maint'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY '' WITH GRANT OPTION;"
To create a new database specify the database name in the
DB_NAME variable. The following command creates a new database named dbname:
docker run --name mysql -d \ -e 'DB_NAME=dbname' sameersbn/mysql:latest
You may also specify a comma separated list of database names in the
DB_NAME variable. The following command creates two new databases named dbname1 and dbname2
docker run --name mysql -d \ -e 'DB_NAME=dbname1,dbname2' sameersbn/mysql:latest
To create a new user you should specify the
docker run --name mysql -d \ -e 'DB_USER=dbuser' -e 'DB_PASS=dbpass' -e 'DB_NAME=dbname' \ sameersbn/mysql:latest
The above command will create a user dbuser with the password dbpass and will also create a database named dbname. The dbuser user will have full/remote access to the database.
- If the
DB_NAMEis not specified, the user will not be created
- If the user/database user already exists no changes are be made
DB_PASSis not specified, an empty password will be set for the user
By default the new database will be created with the
utf8 character set and
utf8_unicode_ci collation. You may override these with the
docker run --name mysql -d \ -e 'DB_USER=dbuser' -e 'DB_PASS=dbpass' -e 'DB_NAME=dbname' \ -e 'MYSQL_CHARSET=utf8mb4' -e 'MYSQL_COLLATION=utf8_bin' \ sameersbn/mysql:latest
Creating remote user with privileged access
To create a remote user with privileged access, you need to specify the
DB_REMOTE_ROOT_PASS variables, eg.
docker run --name mysql -d \ -e 'DB_REMOTE_ROOT_NAME=root' -e 'DB_REMOTE_ROOT_PASS=secretpassword' \ sameersbn/mysql:latest
Optionally you can specify the
DB_REMOTE_ROOT_HOST variable to define the address space within which remote access should be permitted. This defaults to
172.17.0.1 and should suffice for most cases.
Situations that would require you to override the default
DB_REMOTE_ROOT_HOST setting are:
- If you have changed the ip address of the
- If you are using host networking, i.e.
For debugging and maintenance purposes you may want access the containers shell. If you are using docker version
1.3.0 or higher you can access a running containers shell using
docker exec command.
docker exec -it mysql bash
If you are using an older version of docker, you can use the nsenter linux tool (part of the util-linux package) to access the container shell.
Some linux distros (e.g. ubuntu) use older versions of the util-linux which do not include the
nsenter tool. To get around this @jpetazzo has created a nice docker image that allows you to install the
nsenter utility and a helper script named
docker-enter on these distros.
nsenter execute the following command on your host,
docker run --rm -v /usr/local/bin:/target jpetazzo/nsenter
Now you can access the container shell using the command
sudo docker-enter mysql
For more information refer https://github.com/jpetazzo/nsenter
To upgrade to newer releases, simply follow this 3 step upgrade procedure.
- Step 1: Stop the currently running image
docker stop mysql
- Step 2: Update the docker image.
docker pull sameersbn/mysql:latest
- Step 3: Start the image
docker run --name mysql -d [OPTIONS] sameersbn/mysql:latest