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PostgreSQL 9.5 image based on Alpine Linux 3.4 with s6-overlay.
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A PostgreSQL 9.5 image based on Alpine 3.4

Database Cluster Initialization

The PostgreSQL initdb executable is used to initialize the database cluster. The script etc/cont-init.d/10-initdb runs initdb if it appears that the database cluster has not been initialized.

The location of the database cluster on the container's filesystem is specified by DB_PATH in etc/postgresql/ which is formed from DB_BASE with the DB_NAME environment variable appended onto it. If you want the database cluster to persist longer than the container, you should mount a volume from the host onto the path specified for DB_BASE. The default value for DB_BASE in the image is /var/lib/postgresql.

After initializing the database cluster, 10-initdb runs /etc/postgresql/ in the background. This script waits for the database service to be started and runs a database setup SQL script as described in the next section.

The scripts etc/cont-init.d/20-db-connections and etc/cont-init.d/21-hba-conf modify the database cluster's configuration


This initialization script sets the max_connections database parameter to the value specified by the DB_MAX_CONNECTIONS environment variable, if specified.

If the DB_MAX_PREPARED_TRANSACTIONS environment variable is specified, the max_prepared_transactions database parameter is set to the corresponding value. In this case, any value specified for DB_MAX_CONNECTIONS is overridden by the value specified by DB_MAX_PREPARED_TRANSACTIONS and is used to set the max_connections database parameter.


This initialization scripts configures the database cluster's host-based access control to allow connections to the database server.

The environment variable DB_HBA_TRUST_NETS specifies a space-delimited list of IP networks that should by allowed with the trust authentication mechanism. By default, the network is added, which allows and trusts connections from the container's host. If you don't want this default behavior, set DB_HBA_TRUST_NETS to none.

The environment variable DB_HBA_MD5_NETS specifies a space-delimited list of IP networks that should be allowed with the md5 authentication mechanism. By default no networks of this type are added by default.

Additional Cluster Configuration

You can extend the image to add additional cluster setup scripts. Just add them to etc/cont-init.d, prepending a number to the name to control the order of execution. See the existing scripts to see how to check that the one-time setup of the cluster has not already been performed.

Database Instance Setup

After the PostgreSQL cluster server process (postgres) is running, a database setup script in /etc/postgresql/setup.sql is executed on the database script. The default script creates a user (role) in the database server and makes it the owner of a newly created database.

You can set these environment variables to control the name of database instance, user (role), and password.

  • DB_NAME -- database name (default is demo)
  • DB_USER -- database user name (default is $DB_NAME)
  • DB_PASSWORD -- database password (default is $DB_USER)

Alternatively, you can extend the image to replace the /etc/postgresql/setup.sql with your own setup script. You can use the following placeholders in your custom setup script.

  • @DB_NAME@ -- value of the DB_NAME environment variable (default is demo)
  • @DB_USER@ -- value of the DB_USER environment variable (default is $DB_NAME)
  • @DB_PASSWORD@ -- value of the DB_PASSWORD environment variable (default is $DB_PASSWORD)

Database Access

PostgreSQL listens on TCP port 5432. If you want access the database from the host, be sure to publish this port.

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