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kafka-docker

Dockerfile for Apache Kafka

The image is available directly from Docker Hub

Pre-Requisites

  • install docker-compose https://docs.docker.com/compose/install/
  • modify the KAFKA_ADVERTISED_HOST_NAME in docker-compose.yml to match your docker host IP (Note: Do not use localhost or 127.0.0.1 as the host ip if you want to run multiple brokers.)
  • if you want to customize any Kafka parameters, simply add them as environment variables in docker-compose.yml, e.g. in order to increase the message.max.bytes parameter set the environment to KAFKA_MESSAGE_MAX_BYTES: 2000000. To turn off automatic topic creation set KAFKA_AUTO_CREATE_TOPICS_ENABLE: 'false'

Usage

Start a cluster:

  • docker-compose up -d

Add more brokers:

  • docker-compose scale kafka=3

Destroy a cluster:

  • docker-compose stop

Note

The default docker-compose.yml should be seen as a starting point. By default each broker will get a new port number and broker id on restart. Depending on your use case this might not be desirable. If you need to use specific ports and broker ids, modify the docker-compose configuration accordingly, e.g. docker-compose-single-broker.yml:

  • docker-compose -f docker-compose-single-broker.yml up

Broker IDs

You can configure the broker id in different ways

  1. explicitly, using KAFKA_BROKER_ID
  2. via a command, using BROKER_ID_COMMAND, e.g. BROKER_ID_COMMAND: "hostname | awk -F'-' '{print $2}'"

If you don't specify a broker id in your docker-compose file, it will automatically be generated (see https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/KAFKA-1070. This allows scaling up and down. In this case it is recommended to use the --no-recreate option of docker-compose to ensure that containers are not re-created and thus keep their names and ids.

Automatically create topics

If you want to have kafka-docker automatically create topics in Kafka during
creation, a KAFKA_CREATE_TOPICS environment variable can be
added in docker-compose.yml.

Here is an example snippet from docker-compose.yml:

    environment:
      KAFKA_CREATE_TOPICS: "Topic1:1:3,Topic2:1:1:compact"

Topic 1 will have 1 partition and 3 replicas, Topic 2 will have 1 partition, 1 replica and a cleanup.policy set to compact.

Advertised hostname

You can configure the advertised hostname in different ways

  1. explicitly, using KAFKA_ADVERTISED_HOST_NAME
  2. via a command, using HOSTNAME_COMMAND, e.g. HOSTNAME_COMMAND: "route -n | awk '/UG[ \t]/{print $$2}'"

When using commands, make sure you review the "Variable Substitution" section in https://docs.docker.com/compose/compose-file/

If KAFKA_ADVERTISED_HOST_NAME is specified, it takes precedence over HOSTNAME_COMMAND

For AWS deployment, you can use the Metadata service to get the container host's IP:

HOSTNAME_COMMAND=wget -t3 -T2 -qO-  http://169.254.169.254/latest/meta-data/local-ipv4

Reference: http://docs.aws.amazon.com/AWSEC2/latest/UserGuide/ec2-instance-metadata.html

JMX

For monitoring purposes you may wish to configure JMX. Additional to the standard JMX parameters, problems could arise from the underlying RMI protocol used to connect

  • java.rmi.server.hostname - interface to bind listening port
  • com.sun.management.jmxremote.rmi.port - The port to service RMI requests

For example, to connect to a kafka running locally (assumes exposing port 1099)

  KAFKA_JMX_OPTS: "-Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote -Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote.authenticate=false -Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote.ssl=false -Djava.rmi.server.hostname=127.0.0.1 -Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote.rmi.port=1099"
  JMX_PORT: 1099

Jconsole can now connect at jconsole 192.168.99.100:1099

Tutorial

http://wurstmeister.github.io/kafka-docker/

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