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Short Description
Image for running Devlab in Devlab
Full Description


<img src="./devlab.png" align="right">

DevLab

DevLab is a utility that allows you to easily containerize your development
workflow using Docker. Simply put; it's like having a cleanroom for all of your
development processes which contains services (like databases) without needing
to setup and maintain these environments manually.


<img width="100%" src="http://i.imgur.com/Xezn8jj.gif">

FAQ: Why Devlab over Docker-Compose?

Installation

YARN/NPM

yarn global add devlab or npm install devlab -g

Note: DevLab requires Node v.6+ to run.

Binaries

Linux (download)

curl -o /usr/local/bin/devlab http://devlab.taplatform.net/linux/devlab && \
chmod +x /usr/local/bin/devlab

Mac OSX (download)

sudo mkdir -p /usr/local/bin && \
sudo curl -o /usr/local/bin/devlab http://devlab.taplatform.net/mac/devlab && \
sudo chmod +x /usr/local/bin/devlab

Windows (download)

Download the above file and run from the path where it is saved or add to a directory in your PATH.


Obvious Note: You need to have Docker installed as well.

Important Note: In order to run the tasks, Devlab creates a temp file (devlab.sh). The tool will do its best to determine the best location (usually /tmp), but this can be explicitly set by specifying the environment variable DEVLAB_TMP.

Quick Start

After you have Devlab installed you can initialize a project by moving to the project directory and running the following:

devlab init

The above will prompt you to enter a base image; this should be a valid Docker image.

Once the configuration is generated you can run tasks. The default template includes several, for example:

devlab env

The above will load your project via Devlab & Docker, then echo the environment variables available.

Usage

Devlab is controlled by a devlab.yml file in the root of your project. A basic example is shown below:

from: node:6
services:
  - mongo:
      from: mongo:3.0
      env:
        - DB_ROOT_PASSWORD=foo
      expose:
        - 27017:27017
env:
  - TMP=${TMP}
expose:
  - 8080:8080
volumes:
  - ${HOME}/.ssh:/root/.ssh
hosts:
  - google.com:127.0.0.1
before: npm install
after: echo "done"
tasks:
  run: node index.js

The above can then be executed via the devlab run command from within the same directory as your project and devlab.yml. Execution would do the following:

  • Pull and start mongo with DB_ROOT_PASSWORD environment variable and port 27017 exposed
  • Sets the following on the container:
    • Set the primary container environment variable TMP to the same as the host machine
    • Expose port 8080 to the host system
    • Mount the host machine's .ssh directory in the container
    • Set a host entry for google.com to 127.0.0.1
  • Run npm install inside the container before running the task
  • Run node index.js task inside the container
  • Echo done after the task has completed

Multiple Tasks

The example shows a single-command execution configuration, however, Devlab supports named tasks as well. Replace the task entry with configuration object tasks:

tasks:
  env: env | sort
  start: node index.js
  lint: npm run lint
  test: npm test

The above would allow you to run devlab <task> to execute any of the tasks defined.

Custom Execution

Devlab also allows for executing tasks not predefined in the configuration file using the -e flag. For example:

devlab -e "/bin/sh"

The above would start the container using the configuration, call the before task, then start the sh shell. The container will then remain in the shell until an exit command is sent by the user.

Container Image (from <string>)

The from configuration property instructs the image to be used on the primary instance and services.

For testing different images easily, the -f <alternate-image> argument can be called during execution.

Services

Services add links into the primary container, exposing the services for utilitzation. For the most part, services utilize the same format for definition as the primary container.

Container Naming

During execution, service containers are named in 2 ways:

  1. Ephemeral (non-persisted): dl_<NAME>_<INSTANCE-ID>
  2. Persisted: <NAME>

The above naming convention allows for persisted services to be shared with other Devlab instances, or manually run docker containers, via the --link argument.

At startup Devlab will ensure any persisted or already running containers are not started again.

After completion, Devlab will run a detached process which will execute docker stop and docker rm on any non-persisted, ephemeral services.

Persisting Services

Services which need to persist between runs can be set by providing persist: true in their configurations.

Persisted services will not stop after the primary container finishes its task and can be used by the same project, other projects, or independently.

Disabling Services

By default, all services in the configuration will be linked on any run. To disable services for specific tasks, you can define them like this:

tasks:
  lint:
    disable:
      - mongo
    cmd: npm run lint
  start: npm start

Alternatively, you can disable all services for a task with '*':

tasks:
  lint:
    disable: '*'
    cmd: npm run lint
  start: npm start

For one-off cases, individual services can also be disabled via the command line:

devlab lint -d mongo

or all services:

devlab lint --disable-all

Container Management

Devlab will automatically stop services after any run (success or fail). However, if this fails or some other fringe-case causes this process to stop responding the system can leave orphaned containers running.

In order to mitigate this issue Devlab will run a check for any dl_ prefixed containers on each run. If orphaned services are identified a warning message will appear at the beginning of the process to indicate the orphaned service(s) and commands to remedy/exit these containers.

The following commands can be run to cleanup any running containers:

Stop and Remove Devlab Containers:

devlab --cleanup

Stop and Remove ALL Containers:

devlab --cleanup-all

Environment Variables (env <array>)

Setting env array items will expose environment variables in the primary instance or services. These entries can be raw strings or use ${VAR} notation, where VAR is an environment variable on the host machine to use. Entries should use the format <ENV_VAR>=<VALUE>

Expose (expose <array>)

Setting expose array items will expose ports to the host machine from the primary or service containers. Entries should use the format <CONTAINER_PORT>:<HOST_PORT>

Volumes (volumes <array>)

Setting volumes will mount volumes on the host machine to designated paths on the primary or service containers. Entries should use the format <HOST_PATH>:<CONTAINER_PATH>

Hosts (hosts <array>)

Setting hosts will update the hosts configuration for the container. Entries should use the format <HOST_NAME>:<ADDRESS>

Service Stop Time (stopTimeSecs <integer>)

The standard procedure for stopping a Docker container is the stop command which sends SIGTERM and allows a grace period (default: 10) for the container to exit on its own.

Some containers may not exit via SIGTERM (or may hang). In this case, the service container can utilize the stopTimeSecs property:

services:
  - mongo:
      from: mongo:3.0
      stopTimeSecs: 3

The stopTimeSecs above would forcibly stop the container after 3 seconds using Docker's stop command's -t option.

Global Setting:

In addition to setting the stopTimeSecs per service, this property can be set in the root of the devlab.yml configuration and will be applied to any services that don't have an explicit stopTimeSecs property.

Service Removal

In earlier versions of Docker, the -d (detached) and --rm (remove) flags conflict, however, Devlab uses these together which may cause issue on older systems.

If running docker run -d --rm <container> causes this error the --rm flag can be circumvented by setting the DEVLAB_NO_RM environment variable to true.

Development

Tests

Devlab can be run via yarn/npm scripts, but is also setup to run development tasks using Devlab.

Ensure you have the latest version installed then run:

devlab install test or yarn install && yarn test.

End-to-End Tests

To run end-to-end tests run yarn run e2e. This works by fully emulating a run inside the /test/project directory and executing /test/system/run.js with the /test/system/tests.json definitions file.

Testing Builds

To test binary builds:

1. Build Binary:

yarn run build:linux

2. Run (Ubuntu) Docker in Docker:

docker run -it --rm -v /var/run/docker.sock:/var/run/docker.sock -v $PWD:/app -w /app ubuntu sh -c "apt-get update && apt-get install docker.io -y && bash"

3. Create Devlab Alias:

alias devlab=$PWD/bin/linux/devlab

Once the above steps are completed the devlab executable will be avilable.

Why Devlab Over Docker Compose?

First off, we like Docker Compose, and definitely think it's a powerful tool. However, Devlab was built because Compose is more about long-running, containerized environment and what we set out to build was a way to run ephemeral, limited-lifespan tasks without having to manage cleanup between each run.

Compose takes the approach of spinning up containers that run, almost like a virtual machine, while you need them. Devlab looks at things from a point of view of abstracting docker run command chains to create a single-run instance only for that task, then shutting down and doing cleanup so each run is clean and running off a consistent base.

Some more comparisons:

  • With Devlab you don't need a Dockerfile for local development, thus you can use it whether or not your project will be deployed in Docker or to bare metal.
  • Devlab doesn't build docker images, ever. It uses the images you specify for both the primary container and any services.
  • When you install local dependencies in your project folder, run a build, execute your coverage tool, or write any local files, that just happens on your hard disk, not locked away in some container. They'll be available to every other task you run.
  • With Devlab you don't need to run tasks in a containerized shell, you simply define the tasks and run them. You can kick tasks off with any local script, build tool, or IDE run configuration without building a container first.
  • Tasks don't need to be defined at runtime via arguments or flags, you just tell Devlab which predefined task to run.

License

DevLab is licensed under the MIT license. Please see LICENSE.txt for full details.

Credits

DevLab was created and is maintained by TechnologyAdvice.

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