Official Jenkins Docker image
The Jenkins Continuous Integration and Delivery server.
This is a fully functional Jenkins server, based on the Long Term Support release
docker run -p 8080:8080 -p 50000:50000 jenkins
NOTE: read below the build executors part for the role of the
50000 port mapping.
This will store the workspace in /var/jenkins_home. All Jenkins data lives in there - including plugins and configuration.
You will probably want to make that a persistent volume (recommended):
docker run -p 8080:8080 -p 50000:50000 -v /your/home:/var/jenkins_home jenkins
This will store the jenkins data in
/your/home on the host.
/your/home is accessible by the jenkins user in container (jenkins user - uid 1000) or use
-u some_other_user parameter with
You can also use a volume container:
docker run --name myjenkins -p 8080:8080 -p 50000:50000 -v /var/jenkins_home jenkins
Then myjenkins container has the volume (please do read about docker volume handling to find out more).
Backing up data
If you bind mount in a volume - you can simply back up that directory
(which is jenkins_home) at any time.
This is highly recommended. Treat the jenkins_home directory as you would a database - in Docker you would generally put a database on a volume.
If your volume is inside a container - you can use
docker cp $ID:/var/jenkins_home command to extract the data, or other options to find where the volume data is.
Note that some symlinks on some OSes may be converted to copies (this can confuse jenkins with lastStableBuild links etc)
For more info check Docker docs section on Managing data in containers
Setting the number of executors
You can specify and set the number of executors of your Jenkins master instance using a groovy script. By default its set to 2 executors, but you can extend the image and change it to your desired number of executors :
import jenkins.model.* Jenkins.instance.setNumExecutors(5)
FROM jenkins COPY executors.groovy /usr/share/jenkins/ref/init.groovy.d/executors.groovy
Attaching build executors
You can run builds on the master out of the box.
But if you want to attach build slave servers through JNLP (Java Web Start): make sure you map the port:
-p 50000:50000 - which will be used when you connect a slave agent.
If you are only using SSH slaves, then you do NOT need to put that port mapping.
Passing JVM parameters
You might need to customize the JVM running Jenkins, typically to pass system properties or tweak heap memory settings. Use JAVA_OPTS environment
variable for this purpose :
docker run --name myjenkins -p 8080:8080 -p 50000:50000 --env JAVA_OPTS=-Dhudson.footerURL=http://mycompany.com jenkins
Jenkins logging can be configured through a properties file and
java.util.logging.config.file Java property.
mkdir data cat > data/log.properties <<EOF handlers=java.util.logging.ConsoleHandler jenkins.level=FINEST java.util.logging.ConsoleHandler.level=FINEST EOF docker run --name myjenkins -p 8080:8080 -p 50000:50000 --env JAVA_OPTS="-Djava.util.logging.config.file=/var/jenkins_home/log.properties" -v `pwd`/data:/var/jenkins_home jenkins
Passing Jenkins launcher parameters
Argument you pass to docker running the jenkins image are passed to jenkins launcher, so you can run for sample :
docker run jenkins --version
This will dump Jenkins version, just like when you run jenkins as an executable war.
You also can define jenkins arguments as
JENKINS_OPTS. This is usefull to define a set of arguments to pass to jenkins launcher as you
define a derived jenkins image based on the official one with some customized settings. The following sample Dockerfile uses this option
to force use of HTTPS with a certificate included in the image
FROM jenkins:1.565.3 COPY https.pem /var/lib/jenkins/cert COPY https.key /var/lib/jenkins/pk ENV JENKINS_OPTS --httpPort=-1 --httpsPort=8083 --httpsCertificate=/var/lib/jenkins/cert --httpsPrivateKey=/var/lib/jenkins/pk EXPOSE 8083
You can also change the default slave agent port for jenkins by defining
JENKINS_SLAVE_AGENT_PORT in a sample Dockerfile.
FROM jenkins:1.565.3 ENV JENKINS_SLAVE_AGENT_PORT 50001
or as a parameter to docker,
docker run --name myjenkins -p 8080:8080 -p 50001:50001 --env JENKINS_SLAVE_AGENT_PORT=50001 jenkins
Installing more tools
You can run your container as root - and install via apt-get, install as part of build steps via jenkins tool installers, or you can create your own Dockerfile to customise, for example:
FROM jenkins # if we want to install via apt USER root RUN apt-get update && apt-get install -y ruby make more-thing-here USER jenkins # drop back to the regular jenkins user - good practice
In such a derived image, you can customize your jenkins instance with hook scripts or additional plugins.
For this purpose, use
/usr/share/jenkins/ref as a place to define the default JENKINS_HOME content you
wish the target installation to look like :
FROM jenkins COPY plugins.txt /usr/share/jenkins/ref/ COPY custom.groovy /usr/share/jenkins/ref/init.groovy.d/custom.groovy RUN /usr/local/bin/plugins.sh /usr/share/jenkins/ref/plugins.txt
When jenkins container starts, it will check JENKINS_HOME has this reference content, and copy them
there if required. It will not override such files, so if you upgraded some plugins from UI they won't
be reverted on next start.
In case you do want to override, append '.override' to the name of the reference file. E.g. a file named
/usr/share/jenkins/ref/config.xml.override will overwrite an existing
config.xml file in JENKINS_HOME.
Also see JENKINS-24986
For your convenience, you also can use a plain text file to define plugins to be installed
(using core-support plugin format).
All plugins need to be listed in the form
pluginID:version as there is no transitive dependency resolution.
credentials:1.18 maven-plugin:2.7.1 ...
And in derived Dockerfile just invoke the utility plugin.sh script
FROM jenkins COPY plugins.txt /usr/share/jenkins/plugins.txt RUN /usr/local/bin/plugins.sh /usr/share/jenkins/plugins.txt
All the data needed is in the /var/jenkins_home directory - so depending on how you manage that - depends on how you upgrade. Generally - you can copy it out - and then "docker pull" the image again - and you will have the latest LTS - you can then start up with -v pointing to that data (/var/jenkins_home) and everything will be as you left it.
As always - please ensure that you know how to drive docker - especially volume handling!
Build with the usual
docker build -t jenkins .
Tests are written using bats under the
Bats can be easily installed with
brew install bats on OS X
Jump on irc.freenode.net and the #jenkins room. Ask!