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Last pushed: a year ago
Short Description
Fluentd
Full Description

Fluentd docker image




This container image is to create endpoint to collect logs on your host.

docker run -d -p 24224:24224 -v /data:/fluentd/log fluent/fluentd

Default configurations are to:

  • listen port 24224 for Fluentd forward protocol
  • store logs with tag docker.** into /fluentd/log/docker.*.log (and symlink docker.log)
  • store all other logs into /fluentd/log/data.*.log (and symlink data.log)

This image uses Alpine Linux. Since v0.12.26, we separate tags into vX.XX.XX and vX.XX.XX-onbuild.

Ubuntu based image

This is deprecated. You can use ubuntu-base tag for your build but we don't maintain ubuntu based image with latest Fluentd release.
We recommend to fork ubuntu/Dockerfile for your case.

Configurable ENV variables

Environment variable below are configurable to control how to execute fluentd process:

FLUENTD_CONF

It's for configuration file name, specified for -c.

If you want to use your own configuration file (without any optional plugins), you can use it over this ENV variable and -v option.

  1. write configuration file with filename yours.conf
  2. execute docker run with -v /path/to/dir:/fluentd/etc to share /path/to/dir/yours.conf in container, and -e FLUENTD_CONF=yours.conf to read it

FLUENTD_OPT

Use this variable to specify other options, like -v or -q.

How to build your own image

You can build a customized image based on Fluentd's onbuild image. Customized image can include plugins, fluent.conf file, and plugins.

1. Create a working directory

We will use this diretory to build a docker image. Type following commands on a terminal to prepate a minimal project first:

# Create project directory.
mkdir custom-fluentd
cd custom-fluentd

# Download default fluent.conf. this file will be copied to the new image.
curl https://raw.githubusercontent.com/fluent/fluentd-docker-image/master/fluent.conf > fluent.conf

# Create plugins directory. plugins scripts put here will be copied to the new image.
mkdir plugins

# Download sample Dockerfile.
curl https://raw.githubusercontent.com/fluent/fluentd-docker-image/master/Dockerfile.sample > Dockerfile

2. Customize fluent.conf

Documentation of fluent.conf is available at docs.fluentd.org.

3. Customize Dockerfile to install plugins (optional)

You can use Fluentd plugins by installing them using Dockerfile. Sample Dockerfile installs fluent-plugin-secure-forward. To add plugins, edit Dockerfile as following:

FROM fluent/fluentd:latest-onbuild
MAINTAINER YOUR_NAME <...@...>
WORKDIR /home/fluent
ENV PATH /home/fluent/.gem/ruby/2.3.0/bin:$PATH

# cutomize following "gem install fluent-plugin-..." line as you wish

USER root
RUN apk --no-cache --update add sudo build-base ruby-dev && \

    sudo -u fluent gem install fluent-plugin-elasticsearch fluent-plugin-record-reformer && \

    rm -rf /home/fluent/.gem/ruby/2.3.0/cache/*.gem && sudo -u fluent gem sources -c && \
    apk del sudo build-base ruby-dev && rm -rf /var/cache/apk/*

EXPOSE 24284

USER fluent
CMD exec fluentd -c /fluentd/etc/$FLUENTD_CONF -p /fluentd/plugins $FLUENTD_OPT

Note: This example runs apk add build-base ruby-dev so that you can install Fluentd plugins that contain native extensions (they are removed immediately after plugin installation). If you're sure that plugins don't include native extensions, you can omit it to make image build faster.

4. Build image

Use docker build command to build the image. This example names the image "custom-fluentd:latest":

docker build -t custom-fluentd:latest ./

5. Test it

Once the image is built, it's ready to run. Following commands run Fluentd sharing ./log directory with the host machine:

mkdir log
docker run -it --rm --name custom-docker-fluent-logger -v `pwd`/log:/fluentd/log custom-fluentd:latest

Open another terminal and type following command to inspect IP address. Fluentd is running on this IP address:

docker inspect -f '{{.NetworkSettings.IPAddress}}' custom-docker-fluent-logger

Let's try to use another docker container to send its logs to Fluentd.

docker run --log-driver=fluentd --log-opt fluentd-address=FLUENTD.ADD.RE.SS:24224 python:alpine echo Hello
docker kill -s USR1 custom-docker-fluent-logger  # force flush buffered logs

(replace FLUENTD.ADD.RE.SS with actual IP address you inspected at the previous step)

You will see some logs sent to Fluentd.

References

Docker Logging | fluentd.org

Fluentd logging driver - Docker Docs

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Owner
timka
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