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Last pushed: 8 months ago
Short Description
A boilerplate for developing Mesos frameworks with JavaScript
Full Description

mesos-framework-boilerplate

A boilerplate for developing Mesos frameworks with JavaScript, based on mesos-framework. It includes a framework scheduler example, completed by an UI and support for a highly configureable framework use that does not need any added code.

Intro

The intention of this project is to lower the barrier for Mesos beginners to write a custom framework. That's also the reason why JavaScript was chosen as an implementation language.

mesos-framework doesn't currently support HA schedulers, but this will probably arrive in the close future. This means that only single instances of the newly created schedulers can be run, however, it does persist information in Zookeeper across scheduler restarts.

It supports authentication (via GitLab or Google), restarts, pluggable modules (just write them and put them in a directory named "module-*"), health checks, multiple tasks, colocation prevention support, health check and leader indications (need module code).

Usage

You can use and customize this project by doing a

git clone https://github.com/tobilg/mesos-framework-boilerplate.git

In addition, you can customize the marathon task environment variables to run whatever you like as a framework.

Tools

You'll also need the following tools installed on you machine to be able to develop you own Mesos framework with this boilerplate:

  • Node.js >= 4
  • NPM >= 2
  • Bower

Installation of dependencies

You'll need to do a

npm install && bower install

on the command-line in the project's root directory to install the frontend and backend dependencies.

See the chapter customization for further info on how to create your own framework scheduler.

UI

The UI was initially taken from the excellent mesos/elasticsearch framework, which uses rdash-angular itself. It then was adapted to use the Node.js backend webservices, which the frontend consumes via Angular services.

If you want to change the UI styling, you can edit the public/stylesheets/style.css file according to your needs, in addition, the FRAMEWORK_NAME_BACKGROUND environment variable is available to set the framework title row color.

Backend

The backend was developed in Node.js, and is quite straight forward. Nothing fancy, just some plain Express.js services which can be found in routes/api.js and lib/baseApi.js.

It provides the following endpoints:

GET /framework/configuration              Returns the started framework configuration as JSON, authentication-aware.
GET /framework/info                       Returns the information about the framework from the `package.json` file.
GET /framework/stats                      Returns the stats for each task type, for usage in the Dashboard.
GET /framework/restart                    Restarts the scheduler.
GET /tasks/launched                       Returns the launched (running) tasks.
GET /tasks/types                          Returns the task types, along with some basic stats (with `runningInstances` and `allowScaling`).
PUT /tasks/types/:type/scale/:instances   Used to scale the task types (`type`) to (`instances`) instances.
POST /tasks/:task/restart                 Used to restart a task, by task ID, a module can add a health check and set the restart helper to use it as a check of a completed restart.
POST /tasks/rollingRestart                Used for rolling restart of all running tasks, a module can add a health check and set the restart helper to use it as a check of a completed restart.
POST /tasks/killAll                       Used to kill all tasks under the framework and start them again, not as a rolling restart.
POST /tasks/types/:type/killAll           Used to kill all tasks of a type under the framework and start them again, not as a rolling restart.
GET /logs                                 Returns the current log output as text.
GET /health                               Returns http status 200 as long the application is running and a heartbeat from Mesos has been sent in the last 60 seconds. Used for Marathon health checks.

Scheduler customization

The mesos-framework documentation applies for all the possible usages of the Scheduler (and possible Executor) classes. Also, have a look at the examples!

The following sub-chapters are a walk-through of the scheduler configuration for this project.

The ContainerInfo object

The ContainerInfo object is the representation of the Mesos.ContainerInfo protocol buffer.

You can configure the settings for your Docker image, like the image name and the networking.

// The container information object to be used
var ContainerInfo = new Mesos.ContainerInfo(
    Mesos.ContainerInfo.Type.DOCKER, // Type
    null, // Volumes
    null, // Hostname
    new Mesos.ContainerInfo.DockerInfo(
        "mesoshq/flink:0.1.1", // Image
        Mesos.ContainerInfo.DockerInfo.Network.HOST, // Network
        null,  // PortMappings
        false, // Privileged
        null,  // Parameters
        true, // forcePullImage
        null   // Volume Driver
    )
);

The frameworkTasks object

The frameworkTasks object is a map object, which contains the different kinds of workloads ("task types") the scheduler should deploy on the Mesos cluster. In this example, there are two different workloads, the jobmanagers and the taskmanagers.

You can define the priority in which the task types should be started (lower number is a higher priority). Also, the instances property define how many instances of this task shall be started.

The Mesos.Environment protobuf can be used to define environment variables that should be used when starting the Docker image.

// The framework tasks
var frameworkTasks = {
    "jobmanagers": {
        "priority": 1,
        "instances": 3,
        "executorInfo": null, // Can take a Mesos.ExecutorInfo object
        "containerInfo": ContainerInfo, // Mesos.ContainerInfo object
        "commandInfo": new Mesos.CommandInfo( // Strangely, this is needed, even when specifying ContainerInfo...
            null, // URI
            new Mesos.Environment([
                new Mesos.Environment.Variable("flink_recovery_mode", "zookeeper"),
                new Mesos.Environment.Variable("flink_recovery_zookeeper_quorum", app.get("zkUrl")),
                new Mesos.Environment.Variable("flink_recovery_zookeeper_storageDir", "/data/zk")
            ]), // Environment
            false, // Is shell?
            null, // Command
            ["jobmanager"], // Arguments
            null // User
        ),
        "resources": {
            "cpus": 0.5,
            "mem": 256,
            "ports": 2,
            "disk": 0
        },
        "healthChecks": null, // Add your health checks here
        "labels": null // Add your labels (an array of { "key": "value" } objects)
    },
    "taskmanagers": {
        "priority": 2,
        "instances": 2,
        "allowScaling": true,
        "executorInfo": null, // Can take a Mesos.ExecutorInfo object
        "containerInfo": ContainerInfo, // Mesos.ContainerInfo object
        "commandInfo": new Mesos.CommandInfo( // Strangely, this is needed, even when specifying ContainerInfo...
            null, // URI
            new Mesos.Environment([
                new Mesos.Environment.Variable("flink_recovery_mode", "zookeeper"),
                new Mesos.Environment.Variable("flink_recovery_zookeeper_quorum", app.get("zkUrl")),
                new Mesos.Environment.Variable("flink_recovery_zookeeper_storageDir", "/data/zk"),
                new Mesos.Environment.Variable("flink_taskmanager_tmp_dirs", "/data/tasks"),
                new Mesos.Environment.Variable("flink_blob_storage_directory", "/data/blobs"),
                new Mesos.Environment.Variable("flink_state_backend", "filesystem"),
                new Mesos.Environment.Variable("flink_taskmanager_numberOfTaskSlots", "1"),
                new Mesos.Environment.Variable("flink_taskmanager_heap_mb", "1536")
            ]), // Environment
            false, // Is shell?
            null, // Command
            ["taskmanager"], // Arguments
            null // User
        ),
        "resources": {
            "cpus": 0.5,
            "mem": 1536,
            "ports": 3,
            "disk": 0
        },
        "healthChecks": null, // Add your health checks here
        "labels": null // Add your labels (an array of { "key": "value" } objects)
    }
};

The frameworkConfiguration object

The frameworkConfiguration object defined the basic properties and abilities of the framework. Please specifically have a look at the scheduler docs to get a complete overview of all usable properties.

As mesos-framework is a wrapper around the Master's Scheduler and Executor HTTP APIs, a masterUrl needs to be specified. If you use Mesos DNS in your cluster, you don't need to set anything here, because leader.mesos will be automatically used to discover the leading Mesos Master.

You should definitely customize the frameworkName though, keep in mind that the framework name is the identifier used for ZK persistency!

// The framework's overall configuration
var frameworkConfiguration = {
    "masterUrl": process.env.MASTER_IP || "leader.mesos",
    "port": 5050,
    "frameworkName": "Mesos-Framework-Boilerplate",
    "logging": {
        "path": path.join(__dirname , "/logs"),
        "fileName": "mesos-framework-boilerplate.log",
        "level": app.get("logLevel")
    },
    "tasks": frameworkTasks
};

Dockerfile

The Dockerfile uses a minimal Alpine Linux/Node.js 6.3 base image.

FROM mhart/alpine-node:6.3.0

MAINTAINER tobilg@gmail.com

# Setup of the prerequisites
RUN apk add --no-cache git && \
    apk add --no-cache ca-certificates openssl && \
    mkdir -p /mnt/mesos/sandbox/logs && \
    npm set progress=false

# Set application name
ENV APP_NAME mesos-framework-boilerplate

# Set application directory
ENV APP_DIR /usr/local/${APP_NAME}

# Set node env to production, so that npm install doesn't install the devDependencies
ENV NODE_ENV production

# Add application
ADD . ${APP_DIR}

# Change the workdir to the app's directory
WORKDIR ${APP_DIR}

# Setup of the application
RUN npm install --silent && \
    npm install bower -g && \
    bower install --allow-root

CMD ["sh", "./get_creds.sh"]

Customization

You should edit the APP_NAME variable, as well as the MAINTAINER.

Building your image

You should create a Docker Hub account if you aren't using a private Docker registry, and configure your Docker local installation accordingly.

Build your Docker image from the project's root path like this:

docker build -t USERNAME/IMAGENAME:TAG .

where USERNAME is your Docker Hub username, and IMAGENAME is the desired name of the image. If you just want to create a latest image, you can leave out the TAG.

Pushing to the Docker Hub registry

You can push the image like this:

docker push USERNAME/IMAGENAME:TAG

Running on Mesos with Marathon

Once your Docker image has been built and pushed to a registry, you can use it to deploy your framework on Mesos via Marathon.

Basic application definition

{
  "id": "mesos-framework-boilerplate",
  "container": {
    "docker": {
      "image": "tobilg/mesos-framework-boilerplate:latest",
      "network": "HOST",
      "forcePullImage": true
    },
    "type": "DOCKER"
  },
  "cpus": 0.5,
  "mem": 256,
  "instances": 1,
  "healthChecks": [
    {
      "path": "/health",
      "protocol": "HTTP",
      "gracePeriodSeconds": 30,
      "intervalSeconds": 10,
      "timeoutSeconds": 20,
      "maxConsecutiveFailures": 3,
      "ignoreHttp1xx": false,
      "portIndex": 0
    }
  ],
  "labels": {
    "DCOS_SERVICE_SCHEME": "http",
    "DCOS_SERVICE_NAME": "<FRAMEWORK_NAME>",
    "DCOS_PACKAGE_FRAMEWORK_NAME": "<FRAMEWORK_NAME>",
    "DCOS_SERVICE_PORT_INDEX": "0"
   },
  "ports": [0],
  "env": {
    "LOG_LEVEL": "info",
    "TASK_DEF_NUM": "1",
    "TASK0_ENV": "{}",
    "TASK0_IMAGE": "alpine",
    "TASK0_NUM_INSTANCES": "3",
    "TASK0_URI": "<OPTIONAL_URI>",
    "FRAMEWORK_NAME": "<FRAMEWORK_NAME>",
    "TASK0_NAME": "alpine",
    "TASK0_CPUS": "0.5",
    "TASK0_MEM": "512",
    "TASK0_HEALTHCHECK": "<HEALTHCHECK_URL>",
    "TASK0_HEALTHCHECK_PORT": "1",
    "TASK0_FIXED_PORTS": "<PORTS>",
    "TASK0_PORT_NUM": "1",
    "TASK0_CONTAINER_PARAMS": "[]",
    "TASK0_ARGS": "[\"sleep\", \"100000\"]",
    "TASK0_NOCOLOCATION": "false",
    "TASK0_CONTAINER_PRIVILEGED": "false",
    "FRAMEWORK_NAME_BACKGROUND": "#ecfdf0"
  }
}

Customization

You should replace FRAMEWORK_NAME with a meaningful name for the Marathon app. Furthermore, it is necessary to insert the correct Docker image name instead of REGISTRY_URL/USERNAME/IMAGENAME:TAG.

Furthermore, you can customize the cpus and mem settings, although they should suffice as already configured. Keep in mind that the mesos-framework module doesn't yet support scheduler failover (HA), so running more than one instance has no benefit, it will clutter the logs with failovers and reconnections. This will be changed in future releases.

You can customize the tasks environment using the TASK# environment variable (gets a JSON object as string), container params, ports, args, and all other environment variables.
The required ones are: TASK_DEF_NUM, FRAMEWORK_NAME, TASK#_NAME, TASK#_NUM_INSTANCES, TASK#_CPUS, TASK#_MEM, TASK#_IMAGE.

If you want to support authentication, you need to add an environment variable named CREDENTIALS_URL with a URL to a shell file that sets the authentication related variables ("GITLAB_APP_ID", "GITLAB_APP_SECRET", "GITLAB_CALLBACK_URL" - for GitLab and/or "GOOGLE_CLIENT_ID", "GOOGLE_CLIENT_SECRET", "GOOGLE_CALLBACK_URL" - for Google, required: AUTH_COOKIE_ENCRYPTION_KEY, optionally: GITLAB_URL, GOOGLE_FILTER, GOOGLE_SCOPE), the callback URLs are /auth/gitlab/callback and /auth/google/callback, naturally you should add the host and port of your mesos agent/load balancer.

Launching

Once you prepared your marathon.json, you can launch it from the command-line in the root folder of the project like this (replace MARATHON_URL with a valid Marathon URL):

curl -H "Accept: application/json" -H "Content-Type:application/json" -XPUT "MARATHON_URL" -d @marathon.json

You should receive a 201 status, and see the application in the Marathon UI accordingly (Go to the "Frameworks" tab, and search for the framework's name under "Active Frameworks"). Click on the link (in the "Host" column), this should lead you to the frameworks UI in a new browser tab.

UI screenshots

Dashboard

Scaling

Tasks

Configuration

Logs

Docker Pull Command
Owner
tobilg