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lnmpa-mysql is a MySQL Server boxed in a Docker image built by Tommy Lau. It is nothing more but just a simple reference to the official mysql image.

What is MySQL?

MySQL is (as of March 2014) the world's second most widely used open-source relational database management system (RDBMS). It is named after co-founder Michael Widenius's daughter, My. The SQL phrase stands for Structured Query Language.

MySQL is a popular choice of database for use in web applications, and is a central component of the widely used LAMP open source web application software stack (and other 'AMP' stacks). LAMP is an acronym for “Linux, Apache, MySQL, Perl/PHP/Python.” Free-software-open source projects that require a full-featured database management system often use MySQL.

Oracle Corporation and/or affiliates own the copyright and trademark for MySQL.

How to use this image

start a mysql instance

docker run --name some-mysql -e MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD=mysecretpassword -d mysql

This image includes EXPOSE 3306 (the mysql port), so standard container linking will make it automatically available to the linked containers (as the following examples illustrate).

connect to it from an application

docker run --name some-app --link some-mysql:mysql -d application-that-uses-mysql

… or via mysql

docker run -it --link some-mysql:mysql --rm mysql sh -c 'exec mysql -h"$MYSQL_PORT_3306_TCP_ADDR" -P"$MYSQL_PORT_3306_TCP_PORT" -uroot -p"$MYSQL_ENV_MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD"'

Environment Variables

The MySQL image uses several environment variables which are easy to miss. While not all the variables are required, they may significantly aid you in using the image.


This is the one environment variable that is required for you to use the MySQL image. This environment variable should be what you want to set the root password for MySQL to. In the above example, it is being set to “mysecretpassword”.


These optional environment variables are used in conjunction to set both a MySQL user and password, which will subsequently be granted all permissions for the database specified by the optional MYSQL_DATABASE variable. Note that if you only have one of these two environment variables, then neither will actually do anything - these two are meant to be used in conjunction with one another. When these variables are used, it will create a new user with the given password in the MySQL database - there is no need to specify MYSQL_USER with root, as the root user already exists in the default MySQL and the password is controlled by MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD.


This optional environment variable denotes the name of a database to create. If a user/password was supplied (via the MYSQL_USER and MYSQL_PASSWORD environment variables) then that user account will be granted (GRANT ALL) access to this database.


This optional environment variable indicates whether empty password is allowed or not for user root. If this variable is set then there will be an empty password for the user root.


If there is no database when mysql starts in a container, then mysql will create the default database for you. While this is the expected behavior of mysql, this means that it will not accept incoming connections during that time. This may cause issues when using automation tools, such as fig, that start several containers simultaneously.

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