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OpenVPN for Docker

This repo is forked from jpetazzo/dockvpn

Quick instructions:

OpenVPN Server side :

CID=$(docker run -d --privileged -p 1194:1194/udp -p 443:443/tcp vsense/openvpn:server)
docker run -it -p 8080:8080 --volumes-from $CID vsense/openvpn:server serveconfig

The indicated URL contains the config file. It's ready to be used with OpenVPN client, as an OpenVPN profile or a config for OpenVPN cli (--config)
After downloading the configuration, stop the serveconfig container. You can restart it later if you need
to re-download the configuration, or to download it to multiple devices.

The OpenVPN client can be dockerized too :

docker run -d vsense/openvpn:client SERVER_PUBLIC_IP

This will download the credentials from OpenVPN server and use them.

If you reboot the server (or stop the container) and you docker run
again, you will create a new service (with a new configuration) and
you will have to re-download the configuration file. However, you can
use docker start to restart the service without touching the configuration.

How does it work?

When the vsense/openvpn image is started, it generates:

  • Diffie-Hellman parameters,
  • a private key,
  • a self-certificate matching the private key,
  • two OpenVPN server configurations (for UDP and TCP),
  • an OpenVPN client profile.

Then, it starts two OpenVPN server processes (one on 1194/udp, another
on 443/tcp).

The configuration is located in /etc/openvpn, and the Dockerfile
declares that directory as a volume. It means that you can start another
container with the --volumes-from flag, and access the configuration.

OpenVPN details

We use tun mode, because it works on the widest range of devices.
tap mode, for instance, does not work on Android, except if the device
is rooted.

The topology used is net30, because it works on the widest range of OS.
p2p, for instance, does not work on Windows.

The TCP server uses 192.168.255.0/25 and the UDP server uses
192.168.255.128/25.

The client profile specifies redirect-gateway def1, meaning that after
establishing the VPN connection, all traffic will go through the VPN.
This might cause problems if you use local DNS recursors which are not
directly reachable, since you will try to reach them through the VPN
and they might not answer to you. If that happens, use public DNS
resolvers like those of Google (8.8.4.4 and 8.8.8.8) or OpenDNS
(208.67.222.222 and 208.67.220.220).

Security discussion

For simplicity, the client and the server use the same private key and
certificate. This is certainly a terrible idea. If someone can get their
hands on the configuration on one of your clients, they will be able to
connect to your VPN, and you will have to generate new keys. Which is,
by the way, extremely easy, since each time you docker run the OpenVPN
image, a new key is created. If someone steals your configuration file
(and key), they will also be able to impersonate the VPN server (if they
can also somehow hijack your connection).

It would probably be a good idea to generate two sets of keys.

It would probably be even better to generate the server key when
running the container for the first time (as it is done now), but
generate a new client key each time the serveconfig command is
called. The command could even take the client CN as argument, and
another revoke command could be used to revoke previously issued
keys.

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