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folly
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Folly: Facebook Open-source Library

What is folly?

Folly (acronymed loosely after Facebook Open Source Library) is a
library of C++11 components designed with practicality and efficiency
in mind. Folly contains a variety of core library components used extensively
at Facebook
. In particular, it's often a dependency of Facebook's other
open source C++ efforts and place where those projects can share code.

It complements (as opposed to competing against) offerings
such as Boost and of course std. In fact, we embark on defining our
own component only when something we need is either not available, or
does not meet the needed performance profile. We endeavor to remove
things from folly if or when std or Boost obsoletes them.

Performance concerns permeate much of Folly, sometimes leading to
designs that are more idiosyncratic than they would otherwise be (see
e.g. PackedSyncPtr.h, SmallLocks.h). Good performance at large
scale is a unifying theme in all of Folly.

Logical Design

Folly is a collection of relatively independent components, some as
simple as a few symbols. There is no restriction on internal
dependencies, meaning that a given folly module may use any other
folly components.

All symbols are defined in the top-level namespace folly, except of
course macros. Macro names are ALLUPPERCASE and should be prefixed
with `FOLLY
. Namespacefollydefines other internal namespaces such asinternalordetail`. User code should not depend on symbols
in those namespaces.

Folly has an experimental directory as well. This designation connotes
primarily that we feel the API may change heavily over time. This code,
typically, is still in heavy use and is well tested.

Physical Design

At the top level Folly uses the classic "stuttering" scheme
folly/folly used by Boost and others. The first directory serves as
an installation root of the library (with possible versioning a la
folly-1.0/), and the second is to distinguish the library when
including files, e.g. #include <folly/FBString.h>.

The directory structure is flat (mimicking the namespace structure),
i.e. we don't have an elaborate directory hierarchy (it is possible
this will change in future versions). The subdirectory experimental
contains files that are used inside folly and possibly at Facebook but
not considered stable enough for client use. Your code should not use
files in folly/experimental lest it may break when you update Folly.

The folly/folly/test subdirectory includes the unittests for all
components, usually named ComponentXyzTest.cpp for each
ComponentXyz.*. The folly/folly/docs directory contains
documentation.

What's in it?

Because of folly's fairly flat structure, the best way to see what's in it
is to look at the headers in top level folly/ directory. You can also
check the docs folder for documentation, starting with the
overview.

Folly is published on Github at https://github.com/facebook/folly

Build Notes

Dependencies

folly requires gcc 4.8+ and a version of boost compiled with C++11 support.

Please download googletest from
https://googletest.googlecode.com/files/gtest-1.7.0.zip and unzip it in the
folly/test subdirectory.

Ubuntu 12.04

This release is old, requiring many upgrades. However, since Travis CI runs
on 12.04, folly/build/deps_ubuntu_12.04.sh is provided, and upgrades all
the required packages.

Ubuntu 13.10

The following packages are required (feel free to cut and paste the apt-get
command below):

sudo apt-get install \
    g++ \
    automake \
    autoconf \
    autoconf-archive \
    libtool \
    libboost-all-dev \
    libevent-dev \
    libdouble-conversion-dev \
    libgoogle-glog-dev \
    libgflags-dev \
    liblz4-dev \
    liblzma-dev \
    libsnappy-dev \
    make \
    zlib1g-dev \
    binutils-dev \
    libjemalloc-dev \
    libssl-dev

If advanced dubugging functionality for tests are required

sudo apt-get install \
    libunwind8-dev \
    libelf-dev \
    libdwarf-dev

Ubuntu 14.04 LTS

The packages listed above for Ubuntu 13.10 are required, as well as:

sudo apt-get install \
    libiberty-dev

The above packages are sufficient for Ubuntu 13.10 and Ubuntu 14.04.

In the folly directory, run

  autoreconf -ivf
  ./configure
  make
  make check
  sudo make install

OS X (Homebrew)

folly is available as a Formula and releases may be built via brew install folly.

You may also use folly/build/bootstrap-osx-homebrew.sh to build against master:

  cd folly
  ./build/bootstrap-osx-homebrew.sh
  make
  make check

OS X (MacPorts)

Install the required packages from MacPorts:

  sudo port install \
    autoconf \
    automake \
    boost \
    gflags \
    git \
    google-glog \
    libevent \
    libtool \
    lz4 \
    lzma \
    scons \
    snappy \
    zlib

Download and install double-conversion:

  git clone https://github.com/google/double-conversion.git
  cd double-conversion
  cmake -DBUILD_SHARED_LIBS=ON .
  make
  sudo make install

Download and install folly with the parameters listed below:

  git clone https://github.com/facebook/folly.git
  cd folly/folly
  autoreconf -ivf
  ./configure CPPFLAGS="-I/opt/local/include" LDFLAGS="-L/opt/local/lib"
  make
  sudo make install

Other Linux distributions

  • double-conversion (https://github.com/google/double-conversion)

    Download and build double-conversion.
    You may need to tell configure where to find it.

    [double-conversion/] ln -s src double-conversion

    [folly/] ./configure LDFLAGS=-L$DOUBLE_CONVERSION_HOME/ CPPFLAGS=-I$DOUBLE_CONVERSION_HOME/

    [folly/] LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$DOUBLE_CONVERSION_HOME/ make

  • additional platform specific dependencies:

    Fedora 21 64-bit

    • gcc
    • gcc-c++
    • autoconf
    • autoconf-archive
    • automake
    • boost-devel
    • libtool
    • lz4-devel
    • lzma-devel
    • snappy-devel
    • zlib-devel
    • glog-devel
    • gflags-devel
    • scons
    • double-conversion-devel
    • openssl-devel
    • libevent-devel

    Optional

    • libdwarf-dev
    • libelf-dev
    • libunwind8-dev
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