What is Zabbix?
Zabbix is an enterprise-class open source distributed monitoring solution.
Zabbix is software that monitors numerous parameters of a network and the health and integrity of servers. Zabbix uses a flexible notification mechanism that allows users to configure e-mail based alerts for virtually any event. This allows a fast reaction to server problems. Zabbix offers excellent reporting and data visualisation features based on the stored data. This makes Zabbix ideal for capacity planning.
What is Zabbix proxy?
Zabbix proxy is a process that may collect monitoring data from one or more monitored devices and send the information to the Zabbix server, essentially working on behalf of the server. All collected data is buffered locally and then transferred to the Zabbix server the proxy belongs to.
Zabbix proxy images
These are the only official Zabbix proxy Docker images. They are based on latest Alpine and trusty Ubuntu images. The available versions of Zabbix proxy are:
Zabbix server 3.0 (tags: alpine-3.0-latest, ubuntu-3.0-latest) Zabbix server 3.0.* (tags: alpine-3.0.*, ubuntu-3.0.*) Zabbix server 3.2 (tags: alpine-3.2-latest, ubuntu-3.2-latest) Zabbix server 3.2.* (tags: alpine-3.2.*, ubuntu-3.2.*) Zabbix server 3.4 (tags: alpine-3.4-latest, ubuntu-3.4-latest, alpine-latest, ubuntu-latest, latest) Zabbix server 3.4.* (tags: alpine-3.4.*, ubuntu-3.4.*) Zabbix server 4.0 (tags: alpine-trunk, ubuntu-trunk)
Images are updated when new releases are published. The image with
latest tag is based on Alpine Linux.
The image uses MySQL database to store collected data before sending it to Zabbix server. It uses the next procedure to start:
- Checking database availability
MYSQL_ALLOW_EMPTY_PASSWORDare specified, the instance tries to create
MYSQL_PASSWORDto use these credentials then for Zabbix server.
- Checking of having
MYSQL_DATABASEdatabase name if it does not exist
- Checking of having
dbversiontable. Creating Zabbix proxy database schema if no
How to use this image
Start a Zabbix proxy container as follows:
docker run --name some-zabbix-proxy-mysql -e DB_SERVER_HOST="some-mysql-server" -e MYSQL_USER="some-user" -e MYSQL_PASSWORD="some-password" -e ZBX_HOSTNAME=some-hostname -e ZBX_SERVER_HOST=some-zabbix-server -d zabbix/zabbix-proxy-mysql:tag
some-zabbix-proxy-mysql is the name you want to assign to your container,
some-mysql-server is IP or DNS name of MySQL server,
some-user is user to connect to Zabbix database on MySQL server,
some-password is the password to connect to MySQL server,
some-hostname is the hostname, it is Hostname parameter in Zabbix proxy configuration file,
some-zabbix-server is IP or DNS name of Zabbix server and
tag is the tag specifying the version you want. See the list above for relevant tags, or look at the full list of tags.
Connects from Zabbix server (Passive proxy)
This image exposes the standard Zabbix proxy port (10051) and can operate as Passive proxy in case
1. Start Zabbix server container like this in order to link it to the Zabbix proxy container:
$ docker run --name some-zabbix-server --link some-zabbix-proxy-mysql:zabbix-proxy-mysql -d zabbix/zabbix-server:latest
Connect to Zabbix server (Active proxy)
This image can operate as Active proxy (
default mode). Start your application container like this in order to link Zabbix proxy to Zabbix server containters:
$ docker run --name some-zabbix-proxy-mysql --link some-zabbix-server:zabbix-server -d zabbix/zabbix-proxy-mysql:latest
Container shell access and viewing Zabbix proxy logs
docker exec command allows you to run commands inside a Docker container. The following command line will give you a bash shell inside your
$ docker exec -ti some-zabbix-proxy-mysql /bin/bash
The Zabbix proxy log is available through Docker's container log:
$ docker logs some-zabbix-proxy-mysql
When you start the
zabbix-proxy-mysql image, you can adjust the configuration of the Zabbix proxy by passing one or more environment variables on the
docker run command line.
The variable allows to switch Zabbix proxy mode. Bu default, value is
0 - active proxy. Allowed values are
0 - active proxy and
1 - passive proxy.
This variable is unique, case sensitive hostname. By default, value is
zabbix-proxy-mysql of the container. It is
Hostname parameter in
This variable is IP or DNS name of Zabbix server or Zabbix proxy. By default, value is
zabbix-server. It is
Server parameter in
zabbix_proxy.conf. It is allowed to specify Zabbix server or Zabbix proxy port number using
ZBX_SERVER_PORT variable. It make sense in case of non-default port for active checks.
This variable is port Zabbix server listening on. By default, value is
This variable is IP or DNS name of MySQL server. By default, value is 'mysql-server'
This variable is port of MySQL server. By default, value is '3306'.
These variables are used by Zabbix proxy to connect to Zabbix database. By default, values are
The variable is Zabbix database name. By default, value is
The variable is list of comma separated loadable Zabbix modules. It works with volume
/var/lib/zabbix/modules. The syntax of the variable is
The variable is used to specify debug level. By default, value is
3. It is
DebugLevel parameter in
zabbix_server.conf. Allowed values are listed below:
0- basic information about starting and stopping of Zabbix processes;
1- critical information
2- error information
4- for debugging (produces lots of information)
5- extended debugging (produces even more information)
The variable is used to specify timeout for processing checks. By default, value is
The variable enable communication with Zabbix Java Gateway to collect Java related checks. By default, value is
Additionally the image allows to specify many other environment variables listed below:
ZBX_HOSTNAMEITEM=system.hostname ZBX_SOURCEIP= ZBX_PROXYLOCALBUFFER=0 ZBX_PROXYOFFLINEBUFFER=1 ZBX_PROXYHEARTBEATFREQUENCY=60 ZBX_CONFIGFREQUENCY=3600 ZBX_DATASENDERFREQUENCY=1 ZBX_STARTPOLLERS=5 ZBX_IPMIPOLLERS=0 ZBX_STARTPOLLERSUNREACHABLE=1 ZBX_STARTTRAPPERS=5 ZBX_STARTPINGERS=1 ZBX_STARTDISCOVERERS=1 ZBX_STARTHTTPPOLLERS=1 ZBX_JAVAGATEWAY=zabbix-java-gateway ZBX_JAVAGATEWAYPORT=10052 ZBX_STARTJAVAPOLLERS=0 ZBX_STARTVMWARECOLLECTORS=0 ZBX_VMWAREFREQUENCY=60 ZBX_VMWAREPERFFREQUENCY=60 ZBX_VMWARECACHESIZE=8M ZBX_VMWARETIMEOUT=10 ZBX_ENABLE_SNMP_TRAPS=false ZBX_LISTENIP= ZBX_HOUSEKEEPINGFREQUENCY=1 ZBX_CACHESIZE=8M ZBX_STARTDBSYNCERS=4 ZBX_HISTORYCACHESIZE=16M ZBX_HISTORYINDEXCACHESIZE=4M ZBX_TRAPPERIMEOUT=300 ZBX_UNREACHABLEPERIOD=45 ZBX_UNAVAILABLEDELAY=60 ZBX_UNREACHABLEDELAY=15 ZBX_LOGSLOWQUERIES=3000 ZBX_TLSCONNECT=unencrypted ZBX_TLSACCEPT=unencrypted ZBX_TLSCAFILE= ZBX_TLSCRLFILE= ZBX_TLSSERVERCERTISSUER= ZBX_TLSSERVERCERTSUBJECT= ZBX_TLSCERTFILE= ZBX_TLSKEYFILE= ZBX_TLSPSKIDENTITY= ZBX_TLSPSKFILE=
Default values of these variables are specified after equal sign.
The allowed variables are identical of parameters in official
zabbix_proxy.conf. For example,
Please use official documentation for
zabbix_proxy.conf to get more information about the variables.
Allowed volumes for the Zabbix proxy container
The volume is used by External checks (type of items). It is
ExternalScripts parameter in
The volume allows load additional modules and extend Zabbix proxy using
The volume is used to store TLS related files. These file names are specified using
The volume is used as location of public and private keys for SSH checks and actions. It is
SSHKeyLocation parameter in
The volume is used as location of of SSL client certificate files for client authentication. It is
SSLCertLocation parameter in
The volume is used as location of SSL private key files for client authentication. It is
SSLKeyLocation parameter in
The volume is used as location of certificate authority (CA) files for SSL server certificate verification. It is
SSLCALocation parameter in
The volume is used as location of
snmptraps.log file. It could be shared by
zabbix-snmptraps container and inherited using
volumes_from Docker option while creating new instance of Zabbix proxy.
SNMP traps processing feature could be enabled using shared volume and switched
ZBX_ENABLE_SNMP_TRAPS environment variable to
The volume allows to add new MIB files. It does not support subdirectories, all MIBs must be placed to
The image variants
zabbix-proxy-mysql images come in many flavors, each designed for a specific use case.
This is the defacto image. If you are unsure about what your needs are, you probably want to use this one. It is designed to be used both as a throw away container (mount your source code and start the container to start your app), as well as the base to build other images off of.
This image is based on the popular Alpine Linux project, available in the
alpine official image. Alpine Linux is much smaller than most distribution base images (~5MB), and thus leads to much slimmer images in general.
This variant is highly recommended when final image size being as small as possible is desired. The main caveat to note is that it does use musl libc instead of glibc and friends, so certain software might run into issues depending on the depth of their libc requirements. However, most software doesn't have an issue with this, so this variant is usually a very safe choice. See this Hacker News comment thread for more discussion of the issues that might arise and some pro/con comparisons of using Alpine-based images.
To minimize image size, it's uncommon for additional related tools (such as
bash) to be included in Alpine-based images. Using this image as a base, add the things you need in your own Dockerfile (see the
alpine image description for examples of how to install packages if you are unfamiliar).
Supported Docker versions
This image is officially supported on Docker version 1.12.0.
Support for older versions (down to 1.6) is provided on a best-effort basis.
Please see the Docker installation documentation for details on how to upgrade your Docker daemon.
Documentation for this image is stored in the
proxy-mysql/ directory of the
zabbix/zabbix-docker GitHub repo. Be sure to familiarize yourself with the repository's
README.md file before attempting a pull request.
If you have any problems with or questions about this image, please contact us through a GitHub issue.
Zabbix proxy does not support Jabber notifications on Alpine Linux because of
iksemel package is in testing repository and not available in stable repository.
You are invited to contribute new features, fixes, or updates, large or small; we are always thrilled to receive pull requests, and do our best to process them as fast as we can.
Before you start to code, we recommend discussing your plans through a GitHub issue, especially for more ambitious contributions. This gives other contributors a chance to point you in the right direction, give you feedback on your design, and help you find out if someone else is working on the same thing.