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Bitnami Apache Docker Image
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What is Apache?

The Apache HTTP Server Project is an effort to develop and maintain an open-source HTTP server for modern operating systems including UNIX and Windows NT. The goal of this project is to provide a secure, efficient and extensible server that provides HTTP services in sync with the current HTTP standards.

http://httpd.apache.org/

TL;DR;

$ docker run --name apache bitnami/apache:latest

Docker Compose

$ curl -sSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/bitnami/bitnami-docker-apache/master/docker-compose.yml > docker-compose.yml
$ docker-compose up -d

Kubernetes

WARNING: This is a beta configuration, currently unsupported.

Get the raw URL pointing to the kubernetes.yml manifest and use kubectl to create the resources on your Kubernetes cluster like so:

$ kubectl create -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/bitnami/bitnami-docker-apache/master/kubernetes.yml

Why use Bitnami Images?

  • Bitnami closely tracks upstream source changes and promptly publishes new versions of this image using our automated systems.
  • With Bitnami images the latest bug fixes and features are available as soon as possible.
  • Bitnami containers, virtual machines and cloud images use the same components and configuration approach - making it easy to switch between formats based on your project needs.
  • Bitnami images are built on CircleCI and automatically pushed to the Docker Hub.
  • All our images are based on minideb a minimalist Debian based container image which gives you a small base container image and the familiarity of a leading linux distribution.

Get this image

The recommended way to get the Bitnami Apache Docker Image is to pull the prebuilt image from the Docker Hub Registry.

$ docker pull bitnami/apache:latest

To use a specific version, you can pull a versioned tag. You can view the list of available versions in the Docker Hub Registry.

$ docker pull bitnami/apache:[TAG]

If you wish, you can also build the image yourself.

$ docker build -t bitnami/apache:latest https://github.com/bitnami/bitnami-docker-apache.git

Hosting a static website

The /app path is configured as the Apache DocumentRoot. Content mounted here is served by the default catch-all virtual host.

$ docker run --name apache -v /path/to/app:/app bitnami/apache:latest

or using Docker Compose:

version: '2'

services:
  apache:
    image: 'bitnami/apache:latest'
    ports:
      - '80:80'
      - '443:443'
    volumes:
      - /path/to/app:/app

Accessing your server from the host

To access your web server from your host machine you can ask Docker to map a random port on your host to ports 80 and 443 exposed in the container.

$ docker run --name apache -P bitnami/apache:latest

Run docker port to determine the random ports Docker assigned.

$ docker port apache
443/tcp -> 0.0.0.0:32768
80/tcp -> 0.0.0.0:32769

You can also manually specify the ports you want forwarded from your host to the container.

$ docker run -p 8080:80 -p 8443:443 bitnami/apache:latest

Access your web server in the browser by navigating to http://localhost:8080.

Configuration

Environment variables

When you start the Apache image, you can adjust the configuration of the instance by passing one or more environment variables either on the docker-compose file or on the docker run command line. If you want to add a new environment variable:

  • For docker-compose add the variable name and value under the application section:
version: '2'

services:
  apache:
    image: 'bitnami/apache:latest'
    labels:
      kompose.service.type: nodeport
    ports:
      - '80:8080'
      - '443:443'
    environment:
      - APACHE_HTTP_PORT_NUMBER=8080
    volumes:
      - 'apache_data:/bitnami'
volumes:
  apache_data:
    driver: local
  • For manual execution add a -e option with each variable and value:
$ docker run -d --name apache -p 80:8080 -p 443:443 \
  --network apache-tier \
  --e APACHE_HTTP_PORT_NUMBER=8080 \
  --volume /path/to/apache-persistence:/bitnami \
  bitnami/apache:latest

Available variables:

  • APACHE_HTTP_PORT_NUMBER: Port used by Apache for HTTP. Default: 80
  • APACHE_HTTPS_PORT_NUMBER: Port used by Apache for HTTPS. Default: 443

Adding custom virtual hosts

The default httpd.conf includes virtual hosts placed in /bitnami/apache/conf/vhosts/. You can mount a my_vhost.conf file containing your custom virtual hosts at this location.

For example, in order add a vhost for www.example.com:

Step 1: Write your my_vhost.conf file with the following content.

<VirtualHost *:80>
  ServerName www.example.com
  DocumentRoot "/app"
  <Directory "/app">
    Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
    AllowOverride All
    Require all granted
  </Directory>
</VirtualHost>

Step 2: Mount the configuration as a volume.

$ docker run --name apache \
  -v /path/to/my_vhost.conf:/bitnami/apache/conf/vhost/my_vhost.conf:ro \
  bitnami/apache:latest

or using Docker Compose:

version: '2'

services:
  mariadb:
    image: 'bitnami/nginx:latest'
    ports:
      - '80:80'
      - '443:443'
    volumes:
      - /path/to/my_vhost.conf:/bitnami/apache/conf/vhost/my_vhost.conf:ro

Using custom SSL certificates

NOTE: The steps below assume that you are using a custom domain name and that you have already configured the custom domain name to point to your server.

This container comes with SSL support already pre-configured and with a dummy certificate in place (server.crt and server.key files in /bitnami/apache/conf/bitnami/certs). If you want to use your own certificate (.crt) and certificate key (.key) files, follow the steps below:

Step 1: Prepare your certificate files

In your local computer, create a folder called certs and put your certificates files. Make sure you rename both files to server.crt and server.key respectively:

$ mkdir /path/to/apache-persistence/apache/conf/bitnami/certs -p
$ cp /path/to/certfile.crt /path/to/apache-persistence/apache/conf/bitnami/certs/server.crt
$ cp /path/to/keyfile.key  /path/to/apache-persistence/apache/conf/bitnami/certs/server.key

Step 2: Run the Apache image

Run the Apache image, mounting the certificates directory from your host.

$ docker run --name apache \
  -v /path/to/apache-persistence/apache/conf/bitnami/certs:/bitnami/apache/conf/bitnami/certs \
  bitnami/apache:latest

or using Docker Compose:

version: '2'

services:
  apache:
    image: 'bitnami/apache:latest'
    ports:
      - '80:80'
      - '443:443'
    volumes:
      - /path/to/apache-persistence/apache/conf/bitnami/certs:/bitnami/apache/conf/bitnami/certs

Full configuration

The image looks for configurations in /bitnami/apache/conf/. You can mount a volume at /bitnami and copy/edit the configurations in the /bitnami/apache/conf/. The default configurations will be populated in the conf/ directory if it's empty.

Step 1: Run the Apache image

Run the Apache image, mounting a directory from your host.

$ docker run --name apache \
  -v /path/to/apache-persistence:/bitnami \
  bitnami/apache:latest

or using Docker Compose:

version: '2'

services:
  apache:
    image: 'bitnami/apache:latest'
    ports:
      - '80:80'
      - '443:443'
    volumes:
      - /path/to/apache-persistence:/bitnami

Step 2: Edit the configuration

Edit the configuration on your host using your favorite editor.

$ vi /path/to/apache-persistence/apache/conf/httpd.conf

Step 4: Restart Apache

After changing the configuration, restart your Apache container for the changes to take effect.

$ docker restart apache

or using Docker Compose:

$ docker-compose restart apache

Reverse proxy to other containers

Apache can be used to reverse proxy to other containers using Docker's linking system. This is particularly useful if you want to serve dynamic content through an Apache frontend.

Further Reading:

Logging

The Bitnami Apache Docker image sends the container logs to the stdout. To view the logs:

$ docker logs apache

or using Docker Compose:

$ docker-compose logs apache

You can configure the containers logging driver using the --log-driver option if you wish to consume the container logs differently. In the default configuration docker uses the json-file driver.

Maintenance

Upgrade this image

Bitnami provides up-to-date versions of Apache, including security patches, soon after they are made upstream. We recommend that you follow these steps to upgrade your container.

Step 1: Get the updated image

$ docker pull bitnami/apache:latest

or if you're using Docker Compose, update the value of the image property to
bitnami/apache:latest.

Step 2: Stop and backup the currently running container

Stop the currently running container using the command

$ docker stop apache

or using Docker Compose:

$ docker-compose stop apache

Next, take a snapshot of the persistent volume /path/to/apache-persistence using:

$ rsync -a /path/to/apache-persistence /path/to/apache-persistence.bkp.$(date +%Y%m%d-%H.%M.%S)

You can use this snapshot to restore the database state should the upgrade fail.

Step 3: Remove the currently running container

$ docker rm -v apache

or using Docker Compose:

$ docker-compose rm -v apache

Step 4: Run the new image

Re-create your container from the new image.

$ docker run --name apache bitnami/apache:latest

or using Docker Compose:

$ docker-compose start apache

Useful Links

Notable Changes

2.4.18-r0

  • The configuration volume has been moved to /bitnami/apache. Now you only need to mount a single volume at /bitnami/apache for persisting configuration. /app is still used for serving content by the default virtual host.
  • The logs are always sent to the stdout and are no longer collected in the volume.

2.4.12-4-r01

  • The /app directory is no longer exported as a volume. This caused problems when building on top of the image, since changes in the volume are not persisted between Dockerfile RUN instructions. To keep the previous behavior (so that you can mount the volume in another container), create the container with the -v /app option.

Contributing

We'd love for you to contribute to this container. You can request new features by creating an issue, or submit a pull request with your contribution.

Issues

If you encountered a problem running this container, you can file an issue. For us to provide better support, be sure to include the following information in your issue:

  • Host OS and version
  • Docker version (docker version)
  • Output of docker info
  • Version of this container (echo $BITNAMI_IMAGE_VERSION inside the container)
  • The command you used to run the container, and any relevant output you saw (masking any sensitive information)

Community

Most real time communication happens in the #containers channel at bitnami-oss.slack.com; you can sign up at slack.oss.bitnami.com.

Discussions are archived at bitnami-oss.slackarchive.io.

License

Copyright (c) 2015-2017 Bitnami

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at

http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.

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