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Arc-flow Vector Packing Solver (VPSolver)
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Arc-flow Vector Packing Solver (VPSolver)

Copyright (C) 2013-2016, Filipe Brandão
Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade do Porto
Porto, Portugal. All rights reserved. E-mail: fdabrandao@dcc.fc.up.pt.


VPSolver is a multiple-choice vector packing solver based on an arc-flow formulation with graph compression (see, e.g., [1]). VPSolver generates very strong models (equivalent to Gilmore and Gomory's) that can be solved using general-purpose mixed-integer programming
solvers such as Gurobi and GLPK (see, e.g., [2] and [3]). VPSolver does not explicitly require any MIP
solver in particular, though a good MIP solver may be necessary for solving
large models.



For modelling other problems easily, VPSolver includes a Python API, a modelling toolbox (PyMPL), and a Web App. VPSolver has been successfully compiled and run on Linux and Mac OS X. VPSolver also runs on a large variety of platforms including Windows using a Docker container.

For more details, please refer to the project wiki or to the manual.

Repositories

Requirements

Mandatory

  • MIP solver: Gurobi, CPLEX, GLPK, COIN-OR, SCIP, lp_solve, ...
  • UNIX-like operating system or a UNIX-like environment such as Cygwin
  • g++ >= 4.8; make >= 3.0; bash >= 3.0

Optional

For the Python API and Web App:

  • python-2.7 or python-3.x
  • python-pip
  • python-dev
  • glpk-utils

Platforms

It has been successfully compiled and run on the following platforms:

  • Linux
  • Mac OS X
  • On a large variety of platforms including Windows using a Docker container
  • It also runs on Windows using Cygwin (a Unix-like environment and command-line interface)

Setup

Without the python interface:

$ ./configure CXXFLAGS="" LDFLAGS=""
$ make
$ sudo make install

Note: In order to compile only the components that do not require Gurobi, use ./configure GUROBI_HOME="". In order to link the optional components that require Gurobi, the environment variable $GUROBI_HOME must be set, and some additional flags may also need to be set (e.g., ./configure LDFLAGS="-L${GUROBI_HOME}/lib/ -lgurobi_stdc++").

With the python interface:

$ pip install -r requirements.txt
$ pip install . --upgrade
$ cd examples; py.test -v --cov pyvpsolver

Or simply install from the repository:

$ pip install pyvpsolver

Python interface

The python interface is fully compatible with both python 2 and 3.

Jupyter Notebooks for a quick introduction:

Docker

Docker Setup

Docker is an open platform for building, shipping and running applications. Docker allows VPSolver to run on a large variety of platforms with very little effort.

Install Docker [Docker installation instructions].

Option 1: simply pull VPSolver from Docker repository (without building):

$ docker pull fdabrandao/vpsolver

Option 2: clone VPSolver and build locally:

$ git clone https://github.com/fdabrandao/vpsolver.git vpsolver
$ docker build -t fdabrandao/vpsolver vpsolver

Usage

Directly using the command line interface:

$ docker run --rm -it fdabrandao/vpsolver bash
root@55d14f6b6f32:~# source venv2.7/bin/activate # load a virtualenv
(venv2.7)root@55d14f6b6f32:~# python examples/vpsolver/example_vbp.py
...

or through the VPSolver Web App (example URL: http://172.17.0.60:5555/):

$ docker run --rm -it -p 5555 fdabrandao/vpsolver 
eth0      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 02:42:ac:11:00:3c  
          inet addr:172.17.0.60  Bcast:0.0.0.0  Mask:255.255.0.0
          inet6 addr: fe80::42:acff:fe11:3c/64 Scope:Link
          UP BROADCAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
          RX packets:2 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:2 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:0 
          RX bytes:168 (168.0 B)  TX bytes:180 (180.0 B)

URL: http://172.17.0.60:5555/
 * Running on http://0.0.0.0:5555/
...

For more details, please refer to the project wiki.

VPSolver binaries

  • $ bin/vpsolver intance.vbp/.mvp: solves a multiple-choice vector packing instance using the method described in [1]. Note: requires Gurobi 5.0.0 or superior;
  • $ bin/vbp2afg instance.vbp/.mvp graph.afg: builds an arc-flow graph graph.afg for instance.vbp/.mvp;
  • $ bin/afg2mps graph.afg model.mps: creates a MPS model model.mps for graph.afg;
  • $ bin/afg2lp graph.afg model.lp: creates a LP model model.lp for graph.afg;
  • $ bin/vbpsol graph.afg vars.sol: extracts a vector packing solution from an arc-flow solution vars.sol associated with the graph graph.afg.

Usage:

# 1. Build the arc-flow graph graph.afg for example.vbp:  
$ bin/vbp2afg example.vbp graph.afg  
# 2. Convert the arc-flow graph into a .mps file model.mps:  
$ bin/afg2mps graph.afg model.mps  
# 3. Solve the MIP model and store the solution in vars.sol:
$ scritps/vpsolver_gurobi.sh --mps model.mps --wsol vars.sol
# 4. Extract the vector packing solution:  
$ bin/vbpsol graph.afg vars.sol

For more details, please refer to the manual.

VPSolver Scripts

VPSolver includes several scripts for solving arc-flow models using different
solvers:

  • scripts/vpsolver_gurobi.sh: Gurobi
  • scripts/vpsolver_cplex.sh: IBM CPLEX
  • scripts/vpsolver_coinor.sh: COIN-OR CBC
  • scripts/vpsolver_glpk.sh: GLPK
  • scripts/vpsolver_scip.sh: SCIP
  • scripts/vpsolver_lpsolve.sh: lp_solve

Usage:

$ vpsolver_X.sh --vbp/--mvp instance.vbp/.mvp
$ vpsolver_X.sh --afg graph.afg
$ vpsolver_X.sh --mps/--lp model.mps/.lp
$ vpsolver_X.sh --mps/--lp model.mps/.lp --afg graph.afg

For more details, please refer to the manual.

Folders

References

The current solution method is described in:

  • [1] Brandão, F. (2016). VPSolver 3: Multiple-choice Vector Packing Solver. arXiv:1602.04876.

VPSolver was proposed in:

  • [2] Brandão, F. and Pedroso, J. P. (2016). Bin packing and related problems: General arc-flow formulation with graph compression.
    Computers & Operations Research, 69:56 – 67.
    doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cor.2015.11.009.

  • [3] Brandão, F. and Pedroso, J. P. (2013). Bin Packing and Related Problems:
    General Arc-flow Formulation with Graph Compression.
    Technical Report
    DCC-2013-08, Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade do Porto, Universidade do
    Porto, Portugal. arXiv:1310.6887.

See also:

  • [4] Brandão, F. and Pedroso, J. P. (2013). Multiple-choice Vector Bin Packing:
    Arc-flow Formulation with Graph Compression.
    Technical Report DCC-2013-13,
    Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade do Porto, Universidade do Porto, Portugal. arXiv:1312.3836

  • [5] Brandão, F. and Pedroso, J. P. (2013). Cutting Stock with Binary Patterns:
    Arc-flow Formulation with Graph Compression.
    Technical Report DCC-2013-09,
    Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade do Porto, Universidade do Porto, Portugal. arXiv:1502.02899.

  • [6] Brandão, F. (2012). Bin Packing and Related Problems: Pattern-Based Approaches.
    Master’s thesis, Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade do Porto, Portugal.

  • [7] Computational results on several benchmark test data sets:
    http://www.dcc.fc.up.pt/~fdabrandao/research/vpsolver/results/


Copyright © 2013-2016 Filipe Brandão < fdabrandao@dcc.fc.up.pt >. All rights reserved.

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