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Short Description
Minimalist OpenResty image
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OpenResty Docker image

This repository contains Dockerfiles for ficusio/openresty image, which has two flavors.


The main one is Alpine linux-based ficusio/openresty:latest. Its virtual size is just 31MB, yet it contains a fully functional OpenResty bundle v1.9.3.1 and apk package manager, which allows you to easily install lots of pre-built packages.

The other flavor is ficusio/openresty:debian. It is based on debian:wheezy and thus is much bigger in size (256MB). It is mostly useful for NginX profiling, as it may not be easy to build different profiling tools with musl libc, which is used in Alpine Linux.

Paths & config

NginX is configured with /opt/openresty/nginx prefix path, which means that, by default, it loads configuration from /opt/openresty/nginx/conf/nginx.conf file. The default HTML root path is /opt/openresty/nginx/html/.

OpenResty bundle includes several useful Lua modules located in /opt/openresty/lualib/ directory. This directory is already present in Lua package path, so you don't need to specify it in NginX lua_package_path directive.

The Lua NginX module is built with LuaJIT 2.1, which is also available as stand-alone lua binary.

NginX stores various temporary files in /var/nginx/ directory. If you wish to launch the container in read-only mode, you need to convert that directory into volume to make it writable:

# To launch container
docker run --name nginx --read-only -v /var/nginx ... ficusio/openresty

# To remove container and its volume
docker rm -v nginx

See this PR for background.


This image uses ONBUILD hook that automatically copies all files and subdirectories from the nginx/ directory located at the root of Docker build context (i.e. next to your Dockerfile) into /opt/openresty/nginx/. The minimal configuration needed to get NginX running is the following:

 ├ nginx/ # all subdirs/files will be copied to /opt/openresty/nginx/
 |  └ conf/
 |     └ nginx.conf # your NginX configuration file
 └ Dockerfile


FROM ficusio/openresty:latest

Check the sample application for more useful example.

Command-line parameters

NginX is launched with the nginx -g 'daemon off; error_log /dev/stderr info;' command. This means that you should not specify the daemon directive in your nginx.conf file, because it will lead to NginX config check error (duplicate directive).

No-daemon mode is needed to allow host OS' service manager, like systemd, or Docker itself to detect that NginX has exited and restart the container. Otherwise in-container service manager would be required.

Error log is redirected to stderr to simplify debugging and log collection with Docker logging drivers or tools like logspout.

If you wish to run it with different command-line options, you can add CMD directive to your Dockerfile. It will override the command provided in this image. Another option is to pass a command to docker run directly:

$ docker run --rm -it --name test ficusio/openresty bash
root@06823698db68:/opt/openresty/nginx $ ls -l
total 12
drwxr-xr-x    2 root     root          4096 Feb  1 14:48 conf
drwxr-xr-x    2 root     root          4096 Feb  1 14:48 html
drwxr-xr-x    2 root     root          4096 Feb  1 14:48 sbin

Usage during development

To avoid rebuilding your Docker image after each modification of Lua code or NginX config, you can add a simple script that mounts config/content directories to appropriate locations and starts NginX:

#!/usr/bin/env bash

exec docker run --rm -it \
  --name my-app-dev \
  -v "$(pwd)/nginx/conf":/opt/openresty/nginx/conf \
  -v "$(pwd)/nginx/lualib":/opt/openresty/nginx/lualib \
  -p 8080:8080 \
  ficusio/openresty:debian "$@"

# you may add more -v options to mount another directories, e.g. nginx/html/

# do not do -v "$(pwd)/nginx":/opt/openresty/nginx because it will hide
# the NginX binary located at /opt/openresty/nginx/sbin/nginx

Place it next to your Dockerfile, make executable and use during development. You may also want to temporarily disable Lua code cache to allow testing code modifications without re-starting NginX.

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