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Last pushed: a year ago
Short Description
Nginx - web server
Full Description

Nginx (pronounced "engine x") is a web server, load balancer and reverse proxy with a strong focus on performance, high concurency (over 10,000 simultaneous connections), and low memory usage. It powers many of the world's largest websites.

Features

  • Based on the super slim tklx/base (Debian GNU/Linux).
  • Nginx installed directly from Debian.
  • Uses tini for zombie reaping and signal forwarding.
  • Includes EXPOSE 80 443, so standard container linking will make it automatically available to the linked containers.
  • Can be coupled with another container to provide SSL access and/or proxying.
  • Configured to forward access and error logs to docker log collector.

Usage

Simple static site hosting

From host

$ docker run --name some-nginx -v /some/content:/var/www/html:ro -d tklx/nginx
$ docker run --name some-nginx -v /some/content:/var/www/html:ro -v /some/config/file:/etc/nginx/sites-available/default:ro -d tklx/nginx

From host (cleaner solution with Dockerfile)

$ ls
html/ default Dockerfile

$ cat Dockerfile
FROM tklx/nginx
COPY html /var/www/html
COPY default /etc/nginx/sites-available/default

$ docker build -t some-content .
$ docker run --name some-nginx -d some-content

From another container

$ docker run --name some-content -v /var/www/html some-content
$ docker run --name some-nginx --volumes-from=some-content -d tklx/nginx

Exposing the port

Specific port

$ docker run --name some-nginx -d -p 8080:80 tklx/nginx

Docker-chosen port

$ docker run --name some-nginx -dP tklx/nginx
$ docker port some-nginx
443/tcp -> 0.0.0.0:32770
80/tcp -> 0.0.0.0:32771

Setting up HTTPS websites

$ docker run --name some-certs -v /etc/ssl/private:ro -d cert-provider
$ docker run --name some-config -v /etc/nginx/ -d config-provider
$ docker exec some-config cat /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/www.example.com
server {
    listen 443 ssl;
    server_name www.example.com;

    ssl_certificate /etc/ssl/private/www.example.com;
    ssl_certificate_key /etc/ssl/private/www.example.com.key;

    root /var/www;
}
$ docker run --name some-nginx --volumes-from=some-certs --volumes-from=some-config -d tklx/nginx

We recommend using the official guidelines to set up your SSL server correctly.

Setting up a reverse proxy

$ docker run --name some-app -v /var/www -v /etc/nginx/sites-available -d backend-app
$ docker run --name some-nginx --volumes-from=some-app --link some-app:some-app -d tklx/nginx
$ docker exec some-nginx ls /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/
some-app-site
$ docker exec some-nginx cat /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/some-app-site
server {
    listen 80 default_server;
    server_name www.example.com;

    root /var/www;

    location / {
        try_file $url $url/ @backend = 404;
    }

    location @backend {
        proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
        proxy_set_header Host $http_host;
        proxy_pass http://some-app/;
        proxy_redirect default;
    }
}

Setting up a reverse proxy with SSL termination

$ docker run --name some-certs -v /etc/ssl/private:ro -d cert-provider
$ docker run --name some-app -v /var/www -v /etc/nginx/sites-available -d backend-app
$ docker run --name some-nginx --volumes-from=some-app --volumes-from=some-certs --link some-app:some-app -d tklx/nginx
$ docker exec some-nginx ls /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/
some-app-site
$ docker exec some-nginx cat /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/some-app-site
server {
    listen 80 default_server;
    server_name www.example.com;

    listen 443 ssl default_server;

    root /var/www;

    ssl_certificate /etc/ssl/private/www.example.com.pem;
    ssl_certificate_key /etc/ssl/private/www.example.com.key;

    location / {
        try_file $url $url/ @backend = 404;
    }

    location @backend {
        proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
        proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto $scheme;
        proxy_set_header Host $http_host;
        proxy_pass http://some-app/;
        proxy_redirect default;
    }
}

For further info on SSL termination, please refer to the official documentation.

Tips

To disable access and/or error logs forwarding to the docker log collector, the following environmental variables can be set: NOSTDOUTREDIR NOSTDERRREDIR.

Automated builds

The Docker image is built, tested and pushed by CircleCI from source hosted on GitHub.

  • Tag: x.y.z refers to a release (recommended).
  • Tag: latest refers to the master branch.

Status

Currently on major version zero (0.y.z). Per Semantic Versioning, major version zero is for initial development, and should not be considered stable. Anything may change at any time.

Issue Tracker

TKLX uses a central issue tracker on GitHub for reporting and tracking of bugs, issues and feature requests.

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tklx

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